Influence of Habitual Physical Behavior – Sleeping, Sedentarism, Physical Activity – On Bone Health in Community-Dwelling Older People

Influence of Habitual Physical Behavior – Sleeping, Sedentarism, Physical Activity – On Bone Health in Community-Dwelling Older People Gladys Onambele-Pearson1*, Jorgen Wullems1,2, Conor Doody1, Declan Ryan1,3, Christopher Morse1 and Hans Degens4,5,6 1Department of Exercise and Sport Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, United Kingdom 2Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium 3Faculty of Health and Society, University of Northampton, Northampton, United Kingdom 4School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, United Kingdom 5Institute of Sport Science and Innovations, Lithuanian Sports University, Kaunas, Lithuania 6University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Târgu Mureş, Târgu Mureş, Romania Sedentary behavior (SB) has emerged as an independent public-health risk and may contribute to the lower bone mineral density (BMD) in old (>60 years of age) than young adults. The purpose of this study was to quantify SB and habitual physical behavior (PB) in community-dwelling older adults and how this correlates with BMD. In 112 relatively healthy and independent-living individuals aged 72.5 ± 6.4 years, BMD, PB and SB were determined using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and 7-day three-dimensional accelerometry, respectively. In men, only healthy and osteopenic BMDs were found, whereas in women, osteoporotic BMD classifications also occurred. Our sample spent &sim...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research

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In this study, we provide the first estimates that leverage variation in SNAP purchasing power across markets to examine effects of SNAP on child health. We link panel data on regional food prices to National Health Interview Survey data and use a fixed effects framework to estimate the relationship between local purchasing power of SNAP and children’s health and health care utilization. We find that lower SNAP purchasing power leads to lower utilization of preventive health care and more days of school missed due to illness. We estimate no effect on parent-reported health status.
Source: Journal of Health Economics - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
This study compared real-world treatment patterns and healthcare costs among biologic-naive patients with PsA initiating apremilast or biologics. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the Optum Clinformatics™ claims database. The study included biologic-naive patients with PsA who initiated treatment with apremilast or a biologic between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2015. Propensity score matching was used to adjust for selection bias. Treatment persistence/adherence and all-cause healthcare costs were evaluated. Cost differences were determined using Wilcoxon rank-sum tests. Results: In all,...
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 September 2019Source: Molecular Genetics and MetabolismAuthor(s): Róisín M. Boggan, Albert Lim, Robert W. Taylor, Robert McFarland, Sarah J. PickettAbstractMitochondrial diseases, caused by mutations in either the nuclear or mitochondrial genomes (mtDNA), are the most common form of inherited neurometabolic disorders. They are remarkably heterogeneous, both in their clinical presentation and genetic etiology, presenting challenges for diagnosis, clinical management and elucidation of molecular mechanism. The multifaceted nature of these diseases, compounded by the unique ...
Source: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 September 2019Source: Gene Expression PatternsAuthor(s): P. Arya, P.K. Pradhan, Anutosh Paria, R. Sharma, Dev K. Verma, Ravindra, G. Rathore, N. SoodAbstractIndia is the second largest fish producing country in the world with production of 12.6 million tonnes (mt) in 2017–18, and Indian major carps (IMCs) share bulk of this fish production. Catla, Catla catla is the fastest growing species among IMCs. However, the survival rate of catla during larval rearing is normally lower than the other IMCs i.e rohu Labeo rohita, and mrigal Cirrhinus mrigala. Continuous efforts are devoted f...
Source: Gene Expression Patterns - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Authors: Papaevgeniou N, Hoehn A, Tur JA, Klotz LO, Grune T, Chondrogianni N Abstract All living organisms are normally undergoing aging. Dietary habits constitute the main environmental factor that may accelerate or decelerate this process. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are constituents of dietary products that are consumed daily, such as bread and milk. Although AGEs have been widely regarded as toxic agents, recent studies seem to contradict this view: they either find no adverse effects of AGEs or even attribute beneficial properties to them. The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of sugar...
Source: Free Radical Research - Category: Research Tags: Free Radic Res Source Type: research
ConclusionNSM and SSM patients have similar reoperation rates and LOS; however, complication rate is higher in NSM patients.
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionThe newly-developed nomogram can effectively predict the survival outcome of patients with HSCC. According to the novel stratification criteria created, patients stratified as high-risk could benefit from POAT, while those in the low-risk group are advised not to receive POAT as this correlates with a worse OS.
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsFindings from this meta-analysis indicate that walking pace is inversely associated with the risk of stroke.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Sport and Health Science - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
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Source: Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Tijdschr Psychiatr Source Type: research
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