New class of medicines shows promise

'Gene silencing' spares patients the crippling pain of intermittent porphyria Related items fromOnMedica Higher cancer risk from chronic diseases Hepatocellular carcinoma risk, cirrhosis and hepatitis C Kidney disease hits 850 million people Commonest genetic mutation causes much morbidity Prevention screening for one third of population
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news

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We report the case of a 37-year-old female patient, without past medical history, with multicystic lung disease in a context of chronic abdominal pain, fatigue and weight loss. After several months of diagnostic delay, pathological examination of surgical lung biopsies led to the diagnosis of secondary deposits of pancreatic cancer. The clinical and radiogical situation deteriorated quickly with the development of alveolar consolidation and Aspergillus superinfection was then diagnosed. This case illustrates the value of an early decision to undertake surgical lung biopsy in the work-up of multicystic lung disease when can...
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 June 2019Source: MethodsAuthor(s): Tejaswini Mallavarapu, Jie Hao, Youngsoon Kim, Jung Hun Oh, Mingon KangAbstractCancer is a genetic disease comprising multiple subtypes that have distinct molecular characteristics and clinical features. Cancer subtyping helps in improving personalized treatment and making decision, as different cancer subtypes respond differently to the treatment. The increasing availability of cancer related genomic data provides the opportunity to identify molecular subtypes. Several unsupervised machine learning techniques have been applied on molecular data of th...
Source: Methods - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Abstract Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common sensory-motor circadian disorder, whose basic components include urge to move the legs, unpleasant sensory experience, and periodic leg movements during sleep, all associated with an enhancement of the individual's arousal state. Brain iron deficiency (BID) is considered to be a key initial pathobiological factor, based on alterations of iron acquisition by the brain, also moderated by genetic factors. In addition to the well-known dopaminergic involvement in RLS, previous studies pointed out that BID brings also a hyperglutamatergic state that influences a dysfunc...
Source: Advances in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Adv Pharmacol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 June 2019Source: Saudi Journal of Biological SciencesAuthor(s): Manal Abudawood, Hajera Tabassum, Mir Naiman Ali, Basmah Almaarik, Mohrah Alshaikh, Anas Dhaifallah AlGhamdi, Johara Yahya AlFaifi, Khalil Ibrahim Softa, Samia Sobki, Ali AljohiAbstractType 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is the most widely known type of disorder of the endocrine system marked by hyperglycemia resulting either due to deficiency of insulin and or resistance. Persistent hyperglycemia induces oxidative stress and is suggested to play a prominent role in the pathophysiology underlying T2DM. Besides, oxidative stres...
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 June 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Mehdi Derakhshani, Hossein Abbaszadeh, Ali Akbar Movassaghpour, Amir Mehdizadeh, Majid Ebrahimi-Warkiani, Mehdi YousefiAbstractHematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are a rare cell population in adult bone marrow, mobilized peripheral blood, and umbilical cord blood possessing self-renewal and differentiation capability into a full spectrum of blood cells. Bone marrow HSC transplantation has been considered as an ideal option for certain disorders treatment including hematologic diseases, leukemia, immunodeficiency, bone marrow failure syndrome, genet...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
This study identified the activation of Sirt3 played an important role in increasing sensitivity of ovarian cancer cells to cisplatin induced by ABT737. Furthermore, Sirt3 might represent a potential therapeutic target for ovarian cancer.
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Conclusion: These findings support the use of OMT as a method for the management of chronic constipation and DIOS in the CF population. However, because of the small population size, more research with larger populations is needed. PMID: 31233114 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
Authors: Larrimore C, Ramnot A, Jaghab A, Sarduy S, Guerrero G, Troccoli P, Hilton K, Bested A Abstract Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) is a debilitating syndrome of unknown origin, characterized by profound postexertional malaise and fatigue, unrefreshing sleep, cognitive impairments, immune dysfunction, pain, autonomic dysfunction, and neuroendocrine symptoms. Although ME/CFS is well documented within the medical literature, it remains difficult to diagnosis and manage. Some of the current challenges include an absence of diagnostic markers, differing diagnostic criteria, and an overal...
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
Authors: Ghanchi H, Miulli D, Kashyap S, Toor H, Farr S, Ray K, Ashraf N, Rao S, Sweiss R, Beamer Y Abstract Context: Opioids may be prescribed for the short-term management of acute-onset back pain in the setting of trauma or for long-term management of chronic back pain. More than 50% of regular opioid users report taking them for back pain. Objective: To investigate whether surgical intervention reduces opioid requirements by patients taking opioids for back pain and whether there is a difference between county and managed care hospitals in this postoperative reduction of opioid requirement. Methods: A r...
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Female medical students showed low knowledge of HPV vaccination and an extremely low HPV vaccination rate, but a higher level of HPV-related cervical cancer awareness. A substantial number of students were not yet sexually active or had never had sex without a condom. HPV vaccination is thus still important for our respondents. There is an emerging need in educational programs for students starting from their first semester of the program and for a broader informational campaign focused on schoolchildren and their parents. PMID: 31233171 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica - Category: Dermatology Tags: Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Pannonica Adriat Source Type: research
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