' Self-Management' Program Cuts Pain, Increases Brain Volume'Self-Management' Program Cuts Pain, Increases Brain Volume

An intensive, interdisciplinary program focused on self-management of chronic pain is linked to significant symptom improvement and brain volume changes, as shown on objective neuroimaging measures.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

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In conclusion, our data show some of the brain modifications probably responsible for the behavioral phenotype associated with TBI and suggest the CBD as a pharmacological tool to improve neurological dysfunctions caused by the trauma. Introduction The phytocannabinoid cannabidiol (CBD), the major non-psychoactive constituent of Cannabis sativa, exhibits a broad spectrum of potential therapeutic properties, including neuroprotective effects in Central Nervous System (CNS) disorders (Fernández-Ruiz et al., 2013; De Gregorio et al., 2018; Schonhofen et al., 2018). Through a multitarget mechanism, CBD shows pot...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
By ETIENNE DEFFARGES According the 2019 Bloomberg Healthiest Country Index, the U.S. ranks 35th out of 169 countries. Even though we are the 11th wealthiest country in the world, we are behind pretty much all developed economies in terms of health. In the Americas, not just Canada (16th) but also Cuba (30th), Chile and Costa Rica (tied for 33rd) rank ahead of us in this Bloomberg study. To answer this layered question, we need to look at the top ranked countries in the Bloomberg Index: From first to 12th, they are Spain; Italy; Iceland; Japan; Switzerland; Sweden; Australia; Singapore; Norway; Israel; Luxe...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Economics Health disparities Health Policy American healthcare Etienne Deffarges Mediterranean Diet Opioids world health Source Type: blogs
DiscussionRecent evidence suggests that intravenous lidocaine can lead to opioid sparing and chronic postsurgical pain reduction for certain types of surgery. This is the first trial to prospectively investigate the efficacy and safety of intravenous lidocaine in major head and neck cancer surgery.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov,NCT02894710. Registered on 11 August 2016.
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusions: In this secondary data analysis, we demonstrated how automated text analysis techniques could be used to identify messages of interest, such as questions and concerns from users. In addition, we demonstrated how cluster analysis could be used to identify subgroups of individuals who share communication and engagement patterns, and in turn facilitate personalization of interventions for different subgroups of patients. This work makes 2 key methodological contributions. First, this study is innovative in its use of topic modeling to provide a rich characterization of the textual content produced by coaches and ...
Source: Journal of Medical Internet Research - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionGreater severity of OLP and OLL seems to be associated with increased levels of anxiety, higher scores of oral health impact profile, and decreased QoL.Clinical relevancePatients with severe OLP/OLL may benefit from additional therapeutic treatments, such as psychological and/or psychiatric management, concomitant to treatment specific to oral lesions.
Source: Clinical Oral Investigations - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Trust – something that needs to be earned, or something that is present at first… and then erodes? Or perhaps, it’s a snap judgement we make on the fly – and judge everything else about a person on that basis? Firstly, why even discuss trustworthiness in pain rehabilitation? Well, the answer is quite clear: I don’t know how many times I’ve been asked if I can tell whether someone is faking their pain. I’ve read numerous articles on functional capacity testing – and its poor predictive validity (or completely absent investigation of such properties). I’ve had case ma...
Source: HealthSkills Weblog - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Chronic pain Clinical reasoning Coping strategies Pain conditions Professional topics Science in practice empathy malingering stereotypes stigma trust trustworthiness Source Type: blogs
Publication date: 13–19 April 2019Source: The Lancet, Volume 393, Issue 10180Author(s): Paul Glare, Karin R Aubrey, Paul S MylesSummaryOver the past decade there has been an increasing reliance on strong opioids to treat acute and chronic pain, which has been associated with a rising epidemic of prescription opioid misuse, abuse, and overdose-related deaths. Deaths from prescription opioids have more than quadrupled in the USA since 1999, and this pattern is now occurring globally. Inappropriate opioid prescribing after surgery, particularly after discharge, is a major cause of this problem. Chronic postsurgical pain...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: de Barros Pascoal AL, de Freitas RFCP, da Silva LFG, Oliveira AGRC, Dos Santos Calderon P Abstract AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of counseling on pain intensity and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in temporomandibular disorders (TMD) patients. METHODS: Fifty female patients diagnosed with TMD were divided into two groups: a group of waiting list patients (control group) and a group of patients who received counseling therapy (experimental group) involving education about etiologic factors, avoidance of parafunctional habits, and sleep, as well as dietary advice. All patients were eva...
Source: Journal of Orofacial Pain - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Oral Facial Pain Headache Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundMultidisciplinary pain management (MPM) is a generally ‐accepted method for treating chronic pain, but heterogeneous outcome measures provide only limited conclusions concerning its effectiveness. Therefore, further studies on the effectiveness of MPM are needed to identify subgroups of patients who benefit, or do not benefit, from these interventions . Our aim was to analyze health‐related quality of life (HRQoL) changes after MPM and to identify factors associated with treatment outcomes.MethodsWe carried out a real ‐world observational follow‐up study of chronic pain patients referred to a tert...
Source: European Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Chronic pain is a debilitating condition that affects many people. Currently, there is no single treatment known to cure or assure relief from chronic pain. Accordingly, the management of patients ’ discomfort is an integral part of treating chronic pain. Such treatment, however, is not effective for many patients. We investigated whether mirthful laughter provided by comic relief can influence pain tolerance and muscle soreness in young healthy participants.
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: PREVENTION & REHABILITATION: **plus provided doc head** Source Type: research
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