How Ground Beef Is The Suspected Cause Of The E. Coli Outbreak

There have now been 109 reported cases in 6 states with 17 hospitalizations, according to the CDC.
Source: Healthcare News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Source Type: news

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ConclusionsVarious HuNoV genotypes including GII.2, GII.4, GII.6, and GII.17 were shown to be associated with various types of outbreak sites (at childcare and educational facilities, involving cases of food poisoning, and at elderly nursing homes) in this study. These genotypes emerged in recent years, and their prevalence patterns differed from each other. Moreover, differences in outbreak sites and viral load of patients among the genotypes were identified.
Source: Gut Pathogens - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsHand hygiene and an intensive isolation strategy remained the most critical precautions for preventing an outbreak of healthcare-associated viral gastroenteritis in the neonate care unit.
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 May 2019Source: American Journal of Infection ControlAuthor(s): Elizabeth M. Glowacki, Joseph B. Glowacki, Arnold D. Chung, Gary B. WilcoxFoodborne illnesses caused by bacteria are being reported at an increasing rate in the United States. We performed a text-mining analysis to look at nearly 13,000 tweets from two foodborne Escherichia coli outbreaks in 2018. Concerns from the public included staying informed about contaminated lettuce, recognizing signs of infection, and holding responsible farms accountable. At the end of the second outbreak, comments were focused on assessing sympt...
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Jianrong Li Human norovirus (HuNoV) is responsible for more than 95% of outbreaks of acute nonbacterial gastroenteritis worldwide. Despite major efforts, there are no vaccines or effective therapeutic interventions against this virus. Chicken immunoglobulin Y (IgY)-based passive immunization has been shown to be an effective strategy to prevent and treat many enteric viral diseases. Here, we developed a highly efficient bioreactor to generate high titers of HuNoV-specific IgY in chicken yolks using a recombinant vesicular stomatitis virus expressing HuNoV capsid protein (rVSV-VP1) as an antigen. We first demonstrated...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsUsing updated wheat consumption data from the FAO/WHO Chronic individual food consumption database (CIFOCO), we found adult populations in Brazil, China and Belgium and child populations in Australia, China, and Belgium have DON exposures that could pose chronic health risks. The new Codex guidelines for DON in wheat are stricter than most nations’ current regulatory standards. Some populations worldwide may not be well protected even if Codex standards are applied, because of high wheat consumption. In those populations, pre- and postharvest interventions to reduce DON in wheat should be implemented to protect health.
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
PMID: 31048673 [PubMed - in process]
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
Lixing Huang1, Lingmin Zhao1, Wenjia Liu1, Xiaojin Xu1, Yongquan Su2, Yingxue Qin1 and Qingpi Yan1,2* 1Key Laboratory of Healthy Mariculture for the East China Sea, Fisheries College, Jimei University, Ministry of Agriculture, Xiamen, China 2State Key Laboratory of Large Yellow Croaker Breeding, Ningde, China Pseudomonas plecoglossicida is a temperature-dependent opportunistic pathogen which is associated with a variety of diseases in fish. During the development of “white nodules” disease, the expression of htpG in P. plecoglossicida was found to be significantly up-regulated at its virulent tempera...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Abstract During October and November 2016, over 1,000 customers and staff reported gastroenteritis after eating at all 23 branches of a restaurant group in the United Kingdom. The outbreak coincided with a new menu launch and norovirus was identified as the causative agent. We conducted four retrospective cohort studies; one among all restaurant staff and three in customers at four branches. We investigated the dishes consumed, reviewed recipes, interviewed chefs and inspected restaurants to identify common ingredients and preparation methods for implicated dishes. Investigations were complicated by three public h...
Source: Euro Surveill - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research
In this study, a transposon mutagenesis approach was applied to reveal the factors involved in resistance to oxidative stress, and the biofilm formation among mutants and WT strains were further detected using crystal violet staining (CVS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) to reveal potential relationship between oxidative stress and biofilm formation. Materials and Methods The Development of Mutants Library The procedure of transposon mutagenesis approach was performed as described by Zhang et al. (2018). Screening of Mutants Tolerance to Oxidative Stress For screening...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the results improve our understanding on the characteristics of lncRNAs and mRNAs on regulating host immune response against C. perfringens type C infection, which will provide a reference for future research into exploring C. perfringens-related diseases in human. Introduction Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens) is a Gram-positive anaerobic rod and ranks as the second most common bacteria that causes fulminant, fatal infectious and immune diseases (Scharff, 2012; Grass et al., 2013). These diseases are characterized by fever, pain, gas production, local edema, and severe tissue destruction, the...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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