The Cord Blood Insulin and Mitochondrial DNA Content Related Methylome
In this study, we explore shared epigenetic mechanisms of the association between mtDNA content and insulin levels, supporting the developmental origins of this link. First, the association between cord blood insulin and mtDNA content in 882 newborns of the ENVIRONAGE birth cohort was assessed. Cord blood mtDNA content was established via qPCR, while cord blood levels of insulin were determined using electrochemiluminescence immunoassays. Then the cord blood DNA methylome and transcriptome were determined in 179 newborns, using the human 450K methylation Illumina and Agilent Whole Human Genome 8 × 60 K microarrays, respectively. Subsequently, we performed an epigenome-wide association study (EWAS) adjusted for different maternal and neonatal variables. Afterward, we focused on the 20 strongest associations based on p-values to assign transcriptomic correlates and allocate corresponding pathways employing the R packages ReactomePA and RDAVIDWebService. On the regional level, we examined differential methylation using the DMRcate and Bumphunter packages in R. Cord blood mtDNA content and insulin were significantly correlated (r = 0.074, p = 0.028), still showing a trend after additional adjustment for maternal and neonatal variables (p = 0.062). We found an overlap of 33 pathways which were in common between the association with cord blood mtDNA content and insulin levels, including pathways of neurodevelopment, histone modification, cytochromes P450 (CYP)-metabolism, and...
Publication date: January 2020Source: Biometric Technology Today, Volume 2020, Issue 1Author(s): US NIST (the National Institute of Standards and Technology) has released three new biometric databases – featuring fingerprints, facial photographs and iris scans – designed to help researchers reduce the error rates of biometric systems.
Publication date: January 2020Source: Biometric Technology Today, Volume 2020, Issue 1Author(s): Jason TooleyThe use of biometrics by police forces has rarely been out of the headlines over the past year. As with many emerging technologies, it has hit significant hurdles. Recently in an unprecedented move, the UK's Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) – the government body responsible for GDPR and data privacy enforcement – launched an independent investigation into the use of facial recognition at London's King's Cross train station, after it was revealed that the general public were having their faces scan...
DNA changes in a common type of breast cancer cell may be linked to hormone therapy resistance, according to a study published inNature Communications.Science Daily
We have vacancies for the Editor-in-Chief positions on the Editorial Boards of Endocrine Connections and Endocrine-Related Cancer.Endocrine Connections is jointly owned by the Society for Endocrinology and the European Society of Endocrinology. It is an open access journal offering authors the highest possible visibility for their work and stimulating cross-discipline collaboration. Read the full job description.Endocrine-Related Cancer is the official flagship journal of the Society for Endocrinology and is endorsed by the European Society of Endocrinology, Endocrine Society of Australia...
Two Clinical Nurse Specialist opportunities are available to contribute towards the provision of excellent patient care within our Endocrinology and Diabetes Service.One post will be for our Queen Elizabeth Hospital (QEHB) site and the other for our Heartlands, Good Hope and Solihull Hospital site (HGS). Successful candidates will join a team of experienced specialist nurses in a tertiary Endocrine referral centre and will be given full structured training and supervision to develop their skills in Endocrinology.Application deadline is2 February 2020. Visit www.jobs.nhs.uk for full details and to apply.
Researchers reports an over 50% drop in overall death rates among people with diabetes living in Hong Kong from 2001-2016; younger people with diabetes less likely to experience improvement in survival, however.Medscape Medical News
Conclusion The current level of awareness for clinical trials of cancer patients in our hospital was relatively low, even in patients who had atte nded clinical trials before. It’s necessary to improve patients’ awareness of clinical trial by promoting harmony relationship between patients and doctors, as well as by enhancing related propagation. Strengthening the adequacy and efficacy of informed consent in clinical trials also needs to b e achieved in the future. DOI: 10.3779/j.issn.1009-3419.2020.01.02
Conclusion T4 stage patients had worse survival in N2 group. To get a more precisely stratification, skip metastasis and number of involved lymph node stations should be considered in future N stage classification. DOI: 10.3779/j.issn.1009-3419.2020.01.03
Conclusion The expression of TRIM59 is closely related to the prognosis of NSCLC patients, and it is an independent risk factor for NSCLC patients. DOI: 10.3779/j.issn.1009-3419.2020.01.04
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