Expanding Research Capacity in Sub-Saharan Africa Through Informatics, Bioinformatics, and Data Science Training Programs in Mali

Expanding Research Capacity in Sub-Saharan Africa Through Informatics, Bioinformatics, and Data Science Training Programs in Mali Jeffrey G. Shaffer1*, Frances J. Mather1, Mamadou Wele2, Jian Li1, Cheick Oumar Tangara2, Yaya Kassogue2, Sudesh K. Srivastav1, Oumar Thiero2, Mahamadou Diakite2, Modibo Sangare2, Djeneba Dabitao2, Mahamoudou Toure2, Abdoulaye A. Djimde2, Sekou Traore2, Brehima Diakite2, Mamadou B. Coulibaly2, Yaozhong Liu1, Michelle Lacey3, John J. Lefante1, Ousmane Koita2, John S. Schieffelin4, Donald J. Krogstad1 and Seydou O. Doumbia2 1Department of Global Biostatistics and Data Science, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA, United States 2Faculty of Medicine and Odontostomatology, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali 3Department of Mathematics, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, United States 4Sections of Pediatric &Adult Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, United States Bioinformatics and data science research have boundless potential across Africa due to its high levels of genetic diversity and disproportionate burden of infectious diseases, including malaria, tuberculosis, HIV and AIDS, Ebola virus disease, and Lassa fever. This work lays out an incremental approach for reaching underserved countries in bioinformatics and data science research through a progression of capacity building, training, and research efforts. ...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

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Biochemist leads simulations to help design new drugs, vaccines to combat coronavirus More at https://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=300313&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 This is a Research News item.
Source: NSF Discoveries - Category: Science Source Type: research
Authors: Ogunwale AO, Oshiname FO, Ajagunna FO Abstract Rape is an endemic criminal sexual behaviour in Nigeria and its perpetration not only violates survivors' dignity but also compromises their health and wellbeing. The rape-related data used in this traditional literature review are derived mainly from small-scale surveys conducted in Nigeria. The deviant behaviour could be perpetrated against both males and females of various socio-demographic characteristics; however, it is young females that are disproportionately more affected. The determinants of rape include factors that are associated with adverse social...
Source: African Journal of Reproductive Health - Category: African Health Tags: Afr J Reprod Health Source Type: research
Authors: Dali GLA, Pappoe ANM, Akotoye HK Abstract Ethnobotanical survey was undertaken in four communities located on the fringes of the Subri River Forest Reserve in the Mpohor Wassa East District of the Western Region, Ghana. Twelve informants, three each from the four communities were called upon to assist with collection of data. The informants who include community leaders, herbalists and traditional birth attendants assisted in field expeditions. They also provided relevant information to a structured questionnaire used to solicit information on the plants of abortifacient and contraceptive importance. In al...
Source: African Journal of Reproductive Health - Category: African Health Tags: Afr J Reprod Health Source Type: research
Authors: Brima N, Samba TT, Yamba A, Barrett G, Stephenson J, Hall J Abstract New ways of measuring pregnancy planning/intention such as the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy (LMUP), which recognise the complexity of the construct, are being adopted worldwide. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Krio version of the LMUP in Sierra Leone. An interviewer-administered version of the LMUP was translated into Krio and pre-tested with 12 pregnant women. Field testing involved 172 pregnant women aged 15-42, with 87 completing a re-test. Completion rates of LMUP items were 100%. LMUP...
Source: African Journal of Reproductive Health - Category: African Health Tags: Afr J Reprod Health Source Type: research
This study sought to explore specific factors that influence contraceptive uptake and demand in North-West Nigeria. Key Informant and In-depth Interviews were conducted using guides among stakeholders in two selected states in North-West Nigeria, Kebbi and Sokoto States. Interviewees were selected purposively to include Reproductive Health Focal Persons at the local government level, service providers, Women of Reproductive Age (WRA) and FP coordinators. Factors inhibiting contraceptive uptake included lack of health education, religion, fear of spousal rejection and side effects. Poor government funding and inadequate num...
Source: African Journal of Reproductive Health - Category: African Health Tags: Afr J Reprod Health Source Type: research
This study was aimed at determining the serological markers (IgG, IgM and IgA) of Chlamydia trachomatis, evaluate the association between Chlamydia trachomatis infection and the sociodemographic characteristics and clinical diagnosis of the participants. This was a cross sectional hospital-based study in which blood samples from 145 consenting participants were tested for IgG, IgM and IgA antibodies against Chlamydia trachomatis using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and their clinical diagnosis, retrieved from their case notes. The cumulative prevalence of seropositivity for Chlamydia trachomatis (IgG, IgM, IgA) was 112 ...
Source: African Journal of Reproductive Health - Category: African Health Tags: Afr J Reprod Health Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to assess the sexual practices among senior secondary students in private schools in Uyo, Nigeria. This was a descriptive crosssectional study. Data were collected using structured, self administered questionnaire and analyzed with SPSS version 23 software. Level of significance was set at 0.05. A total of 353 respondents participated in the study. The mean age was 14.84±1.10 years with a male to female ratio of 1:1.17. The prevalence of sexual intercourse was 14.2%. The mean age of sexual debut was 11.7±2.60 years, being significantly lower in males, (10.83 ±2.64 years)...
Source: African Journal of Reproductive Health - Category: African Health Tags: Afr J Reprod Health Source Type: research
This study explored the experiences of HIV-infected mothers regarding exclusive breast-feeding in the first six months following an infant's birth. Qualitative data was collected through in-depth unstructured interviews at a community health centre among mothers aged 18 years and above, who opted for exclusive breast-feeding. Thematic data analysis was undertaken. The study results revealed that mothers had positive experiences, such as motivation, satisfaction and being well informed. Some mothers had negative experiences, such as anxiety, family pressure and guilt, leading to non-adherence to exclusive breast-feeding. Th...
Source: African Journal of Reproductive Health - Category: African Health Tags: Afr J Reprod Health Source Type: research
Spain death toll passes 10,000; Italy reports 760 new deaths, taking total to 13,915, but a slower growth rate in infections; Thailand imposes national curfewLatest developments: at a glanceTop European teaching hospitals running out of coronavirus drugsSpies and export bans: the global battle for equipmentUS coronavirus – latest updatesSee all of our coronavirus coverage7.51pmBSTAfter the widespread participation in last week ’s “clap for carers” event – in which isolated people all over the UK applauded from windows, gardens and balconies in honour of National Health Service workers – ...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Coronavirus outbreak UK news World news Science Infectious diseases Middle East and North Africa South Africa Russia China Japan Asia Pacific Europe Medical research Microbiology Source Type: news
Conclusions: A phenotype corresponding to combined monosomy 6p25 and trisomy 18p11 presented as childhood glaucoma associated with non-acquired (congenital) ocular anomalies consist of aniridia and Peters anomaly and other systemic malformations. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report which demonstrated the breakpoint sequence of an unbalanced translocation in a Japanese infant with childhood glaucoma. PMID: 32223580 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Ophthalmic Genetics - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Ophthalmic Genet Source Type: research
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