Expression Patterns of PACAP and PAC1R Genes and Anorexigenic Action of PACAP1 and PACAP2 in Zebrafish

Expression Patterns of PACAP and PAC1R Genes and Anorexigenic Action of PACAP1 and PACAP2 in Zebrafish Tomoya Nakamachi1*, Ayano Tanigawa1, Norifumi Konno1, Seiji Shioda2 and Kouhei Matsuda1 1Laboratory of Regulatory Biology, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan 2Innovative Drug Discovery, Global Research Center for Innovative Life Science, Hoshi University, Tokyo, Japan Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a neuropeptide with potent suppressive effects on feeding behavior in rodents, chicken, and goldfish. Teleost fish express two PACAPs (PACAP1, encoded by the adcyap1a gene, and PACAP2, encoded by the adcyap1b gene) and two PACAP receptors (PAC1Rs; PAC1Ra, encoded by the adcyap1r1a gene, and PAC1Rb, encoded by the adcyap1r1b gene). However, the mRNA expression patterns of the two PACAPs and PAC1Rs, and the influence and relationship of the two PACAPs on feeding behavior in teleost fish remains unclear. Therefore, we first examined mRNA expression patterns of PACAP and PAC1R in tissue and brain. All PACAP and PAC1Rs mRNAs were dominantly expressed in the zebrafish brain. However, adcyap1a mRNA was also detected in the gut and testis. In the brain, adcyap1b and adcyap1r1a mRNA levels were greater than that of adcyap1a and adcyap1r1b, respectively. Moreover, adcyap1b and adcyap1r1a mRNA were dominantly expressed in telencephalon and diencephalon. The highest adcyap1a mRNA levels were detected in the ...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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Source: Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Restoration of first-line defense mechanism in chronic UV exposed animal model has proved that transethosomal resveratrol can be developed as an innovative cosmetic product for significant improvement and repair of photo-aged skin. PMID: 32962434 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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Authors: Fan S, Lin D, Wang Y Abstract PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of prophylactic vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) risk and visual outcome in acute retinal necrosis (ARN). METHODS: A systematic search of online databases was performed for articles published between 1994 June and 2020 March. The main outcomes that were assessed by a fixed effects model were RRD risk and visual outcome during a follow up period. RESULTS: A total of 7 trials involving 265 eyes (121 prophylactic vitrectomy eyes vs 144 routine antiviral treatment eyes) were analyzed in this study. RRD risk significant...
Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research
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Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research
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Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research
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Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research
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Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research
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Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research
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Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research
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