Prediction of Depression Scores From Aerobic Fitness, Body Fatness, Physical Activity, and Vagal Indices in Non-exercising, Female Workers

Conclusion: The present study revealed that VO2max and the sum of skinfolds were moderately related to depression scores, while VO2max was the only independent predictor of depression scores in female workers. Introduction Depression is a multifactorial disease that affects 322 million people worldwide (1). Between 2005 and 2015, there was an increase of more than 18% in the number of cases (1). The global prevalence is 4.4%, however, women suffer more from the disease, with 5.1% compared to 3.1% of men (1). In Brazil, depression affects 7.6% of the population, which represents about 11.2 million people, with a prevalence of 10.9% in women and 3.9% in men (2), therefore ranking Brazil as the 5th country in the world in depression prevalence (2). Depression is a prevalent risk factor for the development of cardiovascular and metabolic (3–5) diseases (CVDs) (6–10). For example, people with depression presents an increased risk (relative risk [RR] = 1.72, 95% CI 1.48–2.00) of developing any cardiovascular disease when compared to non-depressed controls. In addition, people with subsyndromal depressive symptoms are already in increased risk for developing cardiovascular disease (11). Although the underlying mechanisms of this relationship are not fully understood, there are several factors that act bidirectionally and independently, increasing both depression and CVDs risk, including aerobic capacity (12), obesity (13), physical activity (14), and heart r...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 25 May 2019Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): B. Praena, R. Bello-Morales, F. de Castro, J.A. López-GuerreroAbstractHerpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is a ubiquitous infectious agent that can establish latency in neurons, and in some cases, viral retrograde transport results in infection of the central nervous system (CNS). Several antivirals have been identified with the ability to inhibit HSV-1 replication in human cells to a greater or lesser degree, most of which are nucleoside analogues that unfortunately exhibit teratogenic potential, embryotoxicity, carcinogenic or antip...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 May 2019Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): R. Farrukee, J. Butler, P.C. Reading, A.C. HurtAbstract:Avian A(H7N9) infections in humans have been reported in China since 2013 and are of public health concern due to their severity and pandemic potential. Oseltamivir and peramivir are neuraminidase inhibitors (NAIs) routinely used for the treatment of A(H7N9) infections, but variants with reduced sensitivity to these drugs can emerge in patients during treatment. Zanamivir and laninamivir are NAIs that are used less frequently. Herein, we performed in vitro serial passaging experiments w...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 May 2019Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Asseged Dibaba
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
In conclusion, the results suggested that SAB could attenuate HUVEC cells damage treated with HG or PA via Sirt1 and might be a potential therapy agent for the diabetic cardiopathy treatment. PMID: 31118974 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Authors: Shi L, Feng L, Zhang M, Li X, Yang Y, Zhang Y, Ni Q Abstract Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Many trials have shown that Abelmoschus manihot could further improve proteinuria and protect kidney function in patients with DN when added to a renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blocker. A systematic assessment of the efficacy and safety of A. manihot in DN is essential. Eight electronic databases were searched to identify eligible trials published from inception to December 2017. The Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool was used to evaluate the methodological quality of eligi...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
In conclusion, the compound has a protective effect against ALF in rats, and an underlying mechanism is involved in the TGF-β1/Smad signaling pathway. PMID: 31118972 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Authors: Zhu J, Xing G, Shen T, Xu G, Peng Y, Rao J, Shi R Abstract Backgrounds: Prediabetes is a condition in which a person's blood glucose levels are higher than normal physiological levels but lower compared to patients with diabetes. Up to 70% of individuals with prediabetes will eventually develop diabetes. To date, there have been no pharmaceutical drugs to treat diabetes. It is believed that early diagnosis and nonpharmacological intervention for prediabetes are critical for effective prevention of diabetes. Most individuals with prediabetes remain undiagnosed even after being evaluated using the standard t...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Authors: Vigna L, Morelli F, Agnelli GM, Napolitano F, Ratto D, Occhinegro A, Di Iorio C, Savino E, Girometta C, Brandalise F, Rossi P Abstract Epidemiological data indicate that subjects affected by obesity have an increased risk of developing mood disorders. The relationship between obesity and mood disorders is bidirectional. We assessed whether a Hericium erinaceus treatment improved depression, anxiety, sleep, and binge eating disorders after 8 weeks of supplementation in subjects affected by overweight or obesity under a low calorie diet regimen. Looking for a possible clinical biomarker, we assessed the seru...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Conclusions: WZYZ alleviates oligoasthenozoospermia by restoring the reproductive hormones and targeting the TGf-β1/Smads pathway. PMID: 31118967 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
This study evaluates the costs and utilities of different treatment strategies for stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients based on Markov model and provides guidance for clinical decision and health policy making. Patients with stable COPD from four subcenters had been investigated. A Markov model with three states, namely, GOLD 1-2, GOLD 3-4, and death, was built using TreeAge Pro 2011 software. Cost-utility ratio (CUR) and incremental cost-utility ratio (ICUR) from forty Markov circles were applied to measuring the economics evaluation of three different treatments. A total of 236 stable COPD patien...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
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