Brain-gut connection explains why integrative treatments can help relieve digestive ailments

During the 20th century, medicine became very good at compartmentalizing different systems of the body in order to understand them better. However, today we are increasingly realizing that different systems of the body are interconnected and cannot be completely understood in isolation. The brain-gut connection is one very important example of this phenomenon. Anatomy of the brain-gut connection What exactly is the connection between brain and gut? The brain sends signals to the digestive, or gastrointestinal (GI), tract via the sympathetic (“fight or flight”) nervous system and the parasympathetic (“rest and digest”) nervous system. The balance of signals from these two inputs can affect the speed at which food moves through the digestive system, absorption of nutrients, secretion of digestive juices, and level of inflammation in the digestive system. The digestive system also has its own nervous system, the enteric nervous system, consisting of approximately 100 million nerve cells in and around the GI tract. The enteric nervous system receives inputs from the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems but can also function independently of them. The enteric nervous system is also intimately interconnected with millions of immune cells. These cells survey the digestive system and convey information, such as whether the stomach is bloated or whether there is infection in the GI tract or insufficient blood flow, back to the brain. Thus, the brain ...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Complementary and alternative medicine Digestive Disorders Health Mind body medicine Pain Management Source Type: blogs

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CONCLUSION: Patients with IBS in Germany are likely not receiving sufficient diag- nostic evaluation in conformity with the relevant guidelines. The high prevalence of comorbid mental disorders and other pain syndromes implies that the complaints of patients with IBS need to be more comprehensively evaluated and treated. PMID: 31431234 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 August 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Mehana E. El-Sayed, Khafaga F. Asmaa, El-Blehi S. SamarAbstractExtensive degeneration of articular cartilage (AC) is a primary event in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA) and other types of joint and bone inflammation. OA results in the loss of joint function, usually accompanied by severe pain, and are the most common type of arthritis, affecting more than 10% of adults. The characteristic signs of OA are progressive cartilage destruction and, eventually, complete loss of chondrocytes. A key enzyme responsible for these degenerative chan...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
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Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
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Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
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Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
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Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
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Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
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Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
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