CDC study reveals surge in U.S. autism rate

Autism rates have surged at an alarming rate in various states around the United States since 2010, a new study says.
Source: Health News - UPI.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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This study explored the impact of motivation on the memory for delayed intentions (so-called, prospective memory, PM) in autistic individuals. Specifically, we were interested in the effects of personal (i.e., receiving a reward) as compared to social motivation (i.e., performing a favour for someone). Given the well-established theory of mind deficits in autism, we expected autistic individuals to benefit more strongly from personal than social importance manipulations, whereas the opposite pattern was predicted for controls. Sixty-one adolescents with autism and 61 typically developing adolescents participated, with each...
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
We examined the relative strength of harm avoidance and incompleteness in predicting OCD symptom dimensions in a nonclinical sample (n = 238). We also examined the relationship between incompleteness and symptoms of two conditions with phenotypic similarity to OCD—Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Each involves patterns of repetitive, rigid behavior. Hierarchical regressions returned that incompleteness significantly predicted OCD and OCPD symptoms after controlling for harm avoidance; in some cases, the magnitude of association was stronger for incompleteness th...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 April 2019Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Brigitte ChamakAbstractThe controversy over packing therapy used in psychiatry was studied here to illustrate how leading associations can influence public health policies. The main French associations of parents with autistic children succeeded in obtaining the prohibition of packing, announced by the French Secretary of State to the Ministry of Health in April 2016. Parents and professionals who had observed the positive effects of packing when nothing else worked for their part wondered what could be done for self-harming pati...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 April 2019Source: Computers in Human BehaviorAuthor(s): Jeff Gavin, Daisie Rees-Evans, Amy Duckett, Mark BrosnanAbstractA lack of success through traditional, face-to-face dating has led some autistic adults to pursue relationships through online dating. Creating an online dating profile, however, is a process that requires a range of complex social skills, the ability to balance a number of social demands, and self- and other-awareness - all of which can be challenging for autistic people. This paper presents two studies investigating the perceived attractiveness, trustworthiness and ...
Source: Computers in Human Behavior - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
ConclusionStudies demonstrated that Qigong has interesting and promising applicability and effect on children with autism spectrum disorder and should be tested further. Despite the need for more rigorous controlled studies, Qigong seems to be able to decrease severity of individual sensory, behavioural, and language components of autism, and improve self-control, sociability, sensory and cognitive awareness as well as healthy-physical behaviour. Besides positive effect on children and adolescents, benefits seem to extend to parents and caregivers as well. However, quality of methodology seems to be insufficient to state t...
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
(Natural News) Sulforaphane is a natural compound found in cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli. Recent research indicates that consuming large amounts of this phytochemical can improve the symptoms associated with children’s autism. Experts warn that autism now affects one out of every 45 children. The rate at which new cases are being reported continues to climb...
Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
A subset of patients with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have a prior history of atopic dermatitis (AD). Moreover, the prevalence of ASD increases dramatically as AD phenotypes worsen. In a standard ASD animal model (parenteral administration of valproic acid [VPA] to second trimester pregnant mice), we explored the basis for the baseline association, and second, for the AD phenotype-dependent increase in ASD prevalence. At birth, VPA-treated mice demonstrated extensive neuro- and epidermal cytotoxicity, but no evidence of inflammation.
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Neuro-Cutaneous Biology and Inflammation Source Type: research
In this report, we describe the case of a 14-year-old female Italian proband affected by ASD, carrying a novel ~ 270 kb interstitial microduplication, localized at the distal portion of the 4q13.1 region. The rearrangement was inherited from a mild symptomatic father and included a large part of the single EPHA5 gene, a receptor tyrosine kinase involved in the neural development, already indicated to be linked to ASD by previous Genome Wide Association Studies. This imbalance represents, to the best of our knowledge, the smallest duplication identified to date that only impacts the EPHA5 gene. We hypothesize ...
Source: Psychiatric Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research
We report on a 38-year-old patient with adult-onset psychotic symptoms on a background of infantile-onset seizures, autistic features and episodic ataxia. Whole-exome sequencing revealed a de-novo novel SCN2A mutation (c.4966T > C, p.Ser1656Pro). This and other SCN2A mutations associated with the schizophrenia phenotype overlap those seen in neurodevelopmental disorders, suggesting a common underlying mechanism. This is the first report of a patient with the entire known SCN2A phenotypic spectrum. We highlight the importance of recognizing the psychiatric phenotypes associated with SCN2A mutations and that...
Source: Psychiatric Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) can now be used in conjunction with machine learning to predict cognitive development in infants,  according to a  studyrecently published inNeuroImage.White matter is intrinsic to developing brain activity, and the white matter connectome at birth can be used as a neuroimaging biomarker to calculate cognitive development. The group of researchers led by Jessica B. Girault, PhD, from the Carolina Institute for Developmental Disabilities at the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill are searching for imaging biomarkers like white matter to determine risks for neuropsychiatric con...
Source: radRounds - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
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