Hospital privacy curtains are breeding grounds for deadly superbugs

A University of Michigan study of curtains used in 625 specialists wards found more than one in five were harbouring MRSA or other killer bacteria.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 20 April 2019Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): B.F. Rossi, E.C.R. Bonsaglia, I.G. Castilho, S.T.A. Dantas, A. Salina, H. Langoni, J.C.F. Pantoja, P.E. Budri, D. Fitzgerald-Hughes, A. Fernandes Júnior, V.L.M. RallAbstractBovine mastitis affects dairy cattle worldwide and Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most common microorganisms involved in subclinical and chronic disease. Superantigens, such as enterotoxins contribute to S. aureus persistence and pathogenicity in this disease. Subclinical and chronic mastitis cases were diagnosed and S. aureus isolates from sub-clinical ...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 April 2019Source: Food ControlAuthor(s): Ahmed Abdel-Hameid Ahmed, Nagah Mohammed Saad Maharik, Antonio Valero, Sahar Mahmoud KamalAbstractStaphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is one of the most concerning foodborne pathogens due to its ability to produce wide varieties of heat-stable enterotoxins. Hence, this study was designed to investigate the prevalence of the enterotoxigenic S. aureus strains and their enterotoxins in milk and in some representative artisanal Egyptian dairy products. Additionally, the prevalence of Methicillin-Resistant S. aureus (MRSA; antibiotic resistant strain) ...
Source: Food Control - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
The human skin is colonized by a diverse array of bacteria, archaea, fungi, and viruses. Recent studies highlight the abundance of commensal coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) as well as the relative absence of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) on healthy skin. A widely recognized mechanism of bacterial competition is the quorum sensing Accessory Gene Regulator (agr) system, ubiquitous among staphylococci. We hypothesize that agr signaling facilitates interspecies cross-talk between CoNS and MRSA, resulting in a colonization advantage for CoNS and protecting the host from MRSA colonization or infection.
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Innate Immunity, Microbiology, and Microbiome Source Type: research
IL-1 β/IL-1R/MyD88-signaling is critical in mediating neutrophil recruitment and host defense against S. aureus skin infections but the cells that respond to IL-1β to trigger the protective IL-1R-dependent immune response are unclear. To evaluate the relative contribution of different IL-1R-expressing cell types against a community-acquired methicillin-resistant S. aureus (CA-MRSA) skin infection, a CA-MRSA strain (USA300 LAC::lux; 3x107 CFU) was inoculated intradermally into cre/lox mice with specific deletion of IL-1R in which IL-1R-floxed mice (IL-1Rfl/fl) were bred to mice with cre-specific e xpression in ker...
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Innate Immunity, Microbiology, and Microbiome Source Type: research
Conclusion: spa typing can be performed to screen for transmission of S. aureus. t786, ST88, and SCCmec IVa MRSA strains were identified for the first time in Turkey. PMID: 30997982 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Turk J Med Sci Source Type: research
This study evaluated the effects of HIV infection on nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus, staphylococcal peritonitis, and catheter infection rates in patients with end-stage renal failure managed with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). METHODS: Sixty HIV-positive and 59 HIV-negative CAPD patients were enrolled and followed up for up to 18 months. S. aureus nasal carriage (detected by nasal swab culture), Staphylococcal peritonitis (diagnosed by clinical presentation, and CAPD effluent Staphylococcal culture and white blood cell count ≥100 cells/µL), and catheter infections (including ...
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
ConclusionWGS can be used as a reliable predicator of phenotypic resistance for both MRSA and VRE using readily-available online tools.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionBMI
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 April 2019Source: Diabetes &Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &ReviewsAuthor(s): Rajini Kurup, Abdullah Adil AnsariAbstractDiabetic foot infection is a global epidemic and a major public health concern. Development of microbial resistance to many antimicrobial agents in foot ulcer leads to serious complications. Therefore, the study aims to identify the microbiological profile and the potential risk factors among diabetic and non-diabetic foot ulcer patients.A prospective cross sectional study was carried out among 183 ulcer patients from diabetic foot clinic and wound dres...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Drug resistance is a large and growing problem. On the hunt for fresh sources of drugs, scientists have turned to the seaweed in underwater forests.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: MRSA / Drug Resistance Source Type: news
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