Alexithymia and Its Associations With Depression, Suicidality, and Aggression: An Overview of the Literature

Conclusion It is clear that clinically, there is still much to be learnt about alexithymia and its relationship with a range of related phenomena. Firstly, is alexithymia a continuous and stable trait independent of psychological or somatic symptomology that is developed during childhood? Or is it instead a reactive state induced by trauma and distress at any age, which serves to defend against intense and upsetting emotions? This impacts on treatment options. For example, should we be focussing on early childhood interventions which target the child's emotional environment and parenting to encourage emotional expression? Or should we instead be treating alexithymia after it has occurred—perhaps through teaching elements of emotional intelligence following the experience of a traumatic event? Given this inconclusive evidence on the etiology of alexithymia, it is important for future research to explore this issue in greater detail. Such research would benefit from a longitudinal prospective design which aims to test the stability of alexithymia over a long period of time, and also measure concomitant psychopathology. Analysis should aim to investigate the interplay between psychopathology symptoms and alexithymia symptoms. Second, we need to learn more about how alexithymia relates to other constructs. Alexithymia is thought to be closely and intrinsically related to depression, suicide and aggression. The relationships between these phenomena also have impli...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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We report about hirudotherapy in a patient with chronic complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) in the right hand. CRPS is a multifactorial disease associated with disabling pain as well as sensory and motor deficits. The optimal therapeutic management is based on personalized multimodal treatment approaches; however, hirudotherapy has not been described in the available literature. To date, we have completed five medicinal leech treatments. Altogether, hirudotherapy led to rapid and substantial relief of symptoms, especially with respect to pain intensity ratings and skin temperature asymmetries. In Addition, the patient&rs...
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion: The decision-to-delivery interval was ≤ 15 min in most women, suggesting that optimised organisation ensures short decision-to-delivery interval independently of the anaesthetic technique performed. As general anaesthesia was associated with worse neonatal outcomes, our results support the early insertion of an epidural catheter whenever there is any potential concern that an emergency caesarean section may be required.
Source: Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
AbstractIn this research, the copper hexacyanoferrate/SBA-15 composite was prepared by embedding method, which was further characterized using scanning electron microscope, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Brunauer –Emmett–Teller, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The effects of different factors such as pH, temperature, contact time, initial cesium concentration on adsorption were studied. The pH significantly influenced the adsorption. The pseudo second-order kinetic model fitted th e adsorption well, indicating chemisorption. The Langmuir isothe...
Source: Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Accident Analysis &PreventionAuthor(s): Guibing Li, Fang Wang, Dietmar Otte, Ciaran SimmsAbstractHead injury is one of the most common injury types in vehicle-to-pedestrian collisions, which leads to death and long-term disabilities. However, detailed analysis of pedestrian head injuries in real world collisions is scarce. Thus the current study used two samples of 120 cases and 184 cases extracted from 1060 pedestrian collision cases captured during 2000–2015 from the GIDAS (German In-Depth-Accident Study) database to investigate the detailed characteristics ...
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: Journal of Materials Research and TechnologyAuthor(s): An Huang, Honglian Dai, Xiaopei Wu, Zheng Zhao, Yanzeng WuAbstractThe mesoporous hydroxyapatite (HAP) powder was synthesized by using the microemulsion (hexadecyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB)/cyclohexane/n-octyl alcohol) system. The optimal ratios of concentrations of CTAB, cyclohexane and n-octyl alcohol in the microemulsion on morphology of the HAP were studied. The effects of pHs and calcination temperatures on the phase composition of the HAP powder were discussed. The phase composition, morphology, mesoporo...
Source: Journal of Materials Research and Technology - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Mechanics of MaterialsAuthor(s): S.M.R. Paran, R. Sahraeian, G. Naderi, A. RashidiAbstractThe effect of various concentrations of mulitwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on the elastoplastic behavior, thermal and rheological properties of compatibilized nanocomposites based on low density polyethylene containing poly(methyl hydrogen siloxane)-grafted perlite was explored through using experimental and theoretical analysis. The nanocomposites were prepared by using melt mixing procedure and characterized by various experimental measurements including scanning electron micr...
Source: Mechanics of Materials - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2019Source: Carbon, Volume 149Author(s): Benjamin W. Caplins, Jason D. Holm, Robert R. KellerAbstractA scanning transmission electron diffraction method is developed for use in the scanning electron microscope to perform orientational characterization of 2D materials. The method can generate orientation maps of monolayer graphene over a field of view up to ≈50μm in just a few minutes and can distinguish twisted bilayers from aligned bilayers. This method holds promise to bring electron-diffraction-based orientation measurements of 2D materials to a broader audience.Graphical abstract
Source: Carbon - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Abstract A peculiar bursate nematode, Zygocaulus nagoensis n. gen. and n. sp. (Trichostrongyloidea: Dictyocaulidae: Mertensinematinae), was described from an alien frog, Polypedates leucomystax (Anura: Rhacophoridae), collected on Okinawa Island, Japan. It is related to Mertensinema and Borrellostrongylus, the only hitherto known genera of Mertensinematinae, but is readily distinguished from them by having only 2 pairs of lateral rays and simple distal ends of the dorsal ray branches. PMID: 31116078 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: J Parasitol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Journal of Psychiatric ResearchAuthor(s): Laura D. Crocker, Sarah M. Jurick, Kelsey R. Thomas, Amber V. Keller, Mark Sanderson-Cimino, Samantha N. Hoffman, Briana Boyd, Carie Rodgers, Sonya B. Norman, Ariel J. Lang, Elizabeth W. Twamley, Amy J. JakAbstractSome providers have expressed hesitation about the appropriateness of PTSD treatment for veterans with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), given concerns that TBI-related sequelae may negatively affect PTSD treatment and/or should be the focus of treatment instead. However, research suggests that those wit...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionHere in this project, AAV vector with functional ABCD1 gene is constructed and its effectiveness is being tested in vitro for treating X-ALD. Meanwhile, a new animal model – ABCD1 gene mutated rabbit is used to mimic condition of X-ALD patients. Compared to the same age wild type rabbits, the diseased model shows a 5-10 folds increase in plasma VLCFA level before the treatment, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan is performed to determine demyelination inside the CNS.After AAV injection, rabbits' blood VLCFA level is monitored regularly, MRI scan and brain tissue sectioning are examined to determine t...
Source: Cytotherapy - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
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