Medical News Today: Dry nipples: Causes and treatment

The nipples are a sensitive area of the body. Many factors can cause nipple dryness, including chafing, eczema, and Paget ’s disease of the breast. In this article, we look at the causes, symptoms, and treatments for dry nipples, as well as when to see a doctor.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Dermatology Source Type: news

Related Links:

(NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) Scratching the skin triggers a series of immune responses culminating in an increased number of activated mast cells -- immune cells involved in allergic reactions -- in the small intestine, according to research conducted in mice. This newly identified skin-gut communication helps illuminate the relationship between food allergy and atopic dermatitis (a type of eczema), a disease characterized by dry, itchy skin. The NIAID-supported study was led by researchers at Boston Children's Hospital.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Authors: Jouan Y, Si-Tahar M, Paget C Abstract Pneumonia is frequently complicated by occurrence of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), consequently to dysregulated inflammatory response. However, mechanisms driving this dysregulation are poorly understood. To address this, "unconventional T-cells (UTC)" -γδT, NKT and MAIT cells- appear to be relevant targets due to their key role in orchestrating anti-microbial immune response in the lung. Thus, using an experimental and translational approach, we test the hypothesis that a tight regulation of UTC is mandatory to fine-tune host respon...
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
Updated Date: Apr 22, 2019 EST
Source: DailyMed Drug Label Updates - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: alerts
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a heterogeneous disease, variable in its timing of onset and disease course across children. To understand how the age of AD onset impacts longitudinal disease control and persistence, we performed a cohort study using the Pediatric Eczema Elective Registry, a U.S.-based longitudinal cohort of children with AD. In total, 8015 subjects who were 2-17 years old at the time of registry enrollment were followed for a median of 5.3 (IQR 1.1-9.9) years. Age of AD onset was self-reported.
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to identify subtypes of AD based on patterns of disease activity into mid-adulthood and to examine whether early and mid-life characteristics are associated with these subtypes. We analyzed data from the 1958 and 1970 British Cohort Studies, which are longitudinal cohort studies nationally representative of the UK population, that each follow over 17,000 of the same individuals from birth through age 42-50.
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research
It is becoming increasingly clear that inflammation plays an important role in the pathophysiology of dementia, which is projected to affect 132 million individuals by 2050. Data on associated conditions and early markers of disease are needed to target individuals for early intervention and monitoring. Atopic eczema has recently been shown to be common among older adults and is now considered a systemic inflammatory disorder, but there are little data on its associations with dementia. Using a previously validated algorithm to identify patients with atopic eczema in a primary care database representative of the general po...
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Little is known about the predictors of healthcare utilization among US adults with atopic dermatitis (AD). We determined the proportion and predictors of utilization in outpatient, urgent care, emergency department (ED) and hospital settings in US adults. A cross-sectional, population-based study of 3,495 adults was performed. Overall, 10.42% (95% confidence interval: 8.55-12.28%; weighted frequency: 25,844,871) reported a diagnosis of AD or eczema, 7.39% (5.81-8.97%; 18,324,869) met United Kingdom Working Party criteria, and 3.56% (2.40-4.72%; 8,830,095) met both.
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research
This article provides an update on cases of Paget's disease of the breast in men reported in the published literature together with a comprehensive analysis of the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Data, 1973-2012. Current understanding and management of the disease in the context of male patients is reviewed. However, additional research is required to further understand the overall pathogenesis and molecular profile of Paget's disease to provide improved insight for personalized, precision-based therapeutic options. PMID: 27394005 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Breast - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Breast Source Type: research
Abstract A change in the shape or appearance of the nipple-areola complex, especially if it is unilateral and recent appearance, is a sign of underlying breast tumor. Breast imaging is then required (grade C). Any erythematous lesion of the nipple or nipple-areola can be a Paget's disease, an adenoma of the nipple or a nipple eczema. Clinical course and pattern can point to a diagnosis without sufficient specificity (LE4). If nipple eczema is suspected, it is recommended to perform a test treatment with topical corticosteroids. In case of failure or if a Paget's disease of the breast is suspected, a biopsy mu...
Source: Journal de Gynecologie, Obstetrique et Biologie de la Reproduction - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 September 2015 Source:Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging Author(s): D. Geffroy, I. Doutriaux-Dumoulins Clinical examination of the nipple is part of normal breast screening procedures. Abnormal processes of benign or malignant nature may be reflected by erythema, erosion, swelling or acquired inversion. In patients presenting with a persistent unilateral nipple lesion, it is advisable to collect a sample to exclude Paget's disease of the nipple, a rare form of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). Imaging should be performed to detect breast cancer, which is found in more than 80% of...
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
More News: Dermatology | Eczema | Health | Paget Disease of the Nipple | Paget's Disease | Skin