Impact of Psychotherapy in Psychosis: A Retrospective Case Control Study

Conclusions: The findings from this exploratory study are consistent with the possibility that dialogue therapy may lead to improvements in symptoms and functioning compared to standard treatment in psychosis. Introduction Standard treatment (ST) for psychosis consists primarily of antipsychotics, hospitalization, social rehabilitation, and different types of supportive therapy (1–3). Antipsychotic drugs have only moderate effects on positive symptoms and no demonstrable effects on negative symptoms (4–6). Side effects are often prominent and might include a reduction in emotional expression, menstrual abnormalities, sexual dysfunction, and considerable weight gain (5). On this basis, the need for psychotherapy has become apparent (7–9). Combinations of pharmacological and psychosocial treatments have demonstrated potential for recovery from psychosis (10, 11). A systematic review found cognitive therapy (CBT) and family interventions to improve outcome in early psychosis (12, 13). However, a Cochrane review underlined that the evidence is limited and recommended further efforts to advance the treatment of psychosis (14). In this paper, we present data on treatment effects of an original psychotherapy model, Dialogue therapy (DT). What Is Dialogue Therapy? DT is an individual, dialogue oriented psychotherapy that has been developed through the first author's clinical practice and collaboration with patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Source: Anxiety, Stress and Coping - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Source Type: research
Abbott Laboratories has been wildly successful with its FreeStyle Libre continuous glucose monitor (CGM) since winning FDA approval in 2017, but it seems some investors and patients may be getting restless as the U.S. market waits for the second-generation of the blockbuster technology. We first noted some signs of impatience for Libre 2 in our coverage of Abbott's third-quarter earnings call in October. One reader commented on that article that "I don’t particularly care about investors becoming impatient, as a Freestyle Libre user I am growing impatie...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Business Source Type: news
Britain's business minister said on Thursday that the outbreak of a new coronavirus in China was a huge concern for the world.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
We present the case of a 74-year-old man, with a history of residual schizophrenia, who underwent abdominal-pelvic CT with intravenous contrast, due to abdominal acute pain, that showed a stenosis at the origin of the celiac trunk and a large aneurysm of the hepatic artery, secondary to a mediam arcuate ligament syndrome, of the diaphragm was observed. PMID: 31960685 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
Authors: Ruiz Rebollo ML, González Obeso E, Burgueño Gómez B, Santos Fernández J Abstract A 75-year-old male was referred due to dysphagia and iron-deficiency anemia. An upper endoscopy was performed which revealed a friable mass at 30 to 37 cm from the incisors, consistent with esophageal malignancy. However, the pathology only demonstrated granulation inflammatory tissue. An endoscopic ultrasound exam showed a 2-3 cm esophageal wall thickening with a 1.5 cm lymph node, which was staged as a T2-3 N1 esophageal tumor. A CT-scan also identified a 7.5 cm esophageal malignancy surrounded by...
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
Say you’ve received a brand-new Fitbit for Christmas to get you started in tracking your exercise routine and reach your fitness goals. Great! However, there might be more going on behind the scenes of you keeping fit with the help of technology than meets the eye… At The Medical Futurist, we’re great fans of wearables (or health trackers) that help you make more informed decisions when it comes to your health. However, we can’t stay indifferent to the potential risks which using these devices entail such as individual tracking, inaccuracies and even supplementing harmful behaviours. Just lik...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Health Sensors & Trackers digital health fitness wearables healthcare design fitness trackers digital health sensors Source Type: blogs
Postoperative pain is not adequately managed in greater than 40% of surgical patients and is a high priority for perioperative research. In this meta-analysis, we examined studies comparing postoperative opioid consumption and pain scores in surgical patients who received methadone by any route vs those who received another opioid by any route. Studies were identified from PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Scopus from January 1966 to November 2018. Pooled odds ratios were calculated for a primary outcome of postoperative opioid consumption and secondary outcomes of time-to-extubation, time-to-first postoperativ...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research
The tendency to select threatening over benign interpretations of ambiguous bodily sensations and cues characterises young people with chronic pain. However, previous studies disagree over whether these biases extend to nonbodily harm situations such as social evaluation. Understanding the content of these biases is crucial to the development of pain management strategies seeking to modify such biases. Two hundred forty-three young people aged 16 to 19 years completed an expanded version of the Adolescent Interpretation of Bodily Threat task. Using a factor-analytic approach, we removed items that did not consistently asso...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
We conducted a multicenter, randomized, patient- and assessor-blinded, sham-controlled trial to investigate the efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the primary motor cortex (M1) in patients with neuropathic pain (NP). Patients were randomly assigned to receive 5 daily sessions of active or sham rTMS of M1 corresponding to the part of the body experiencing the worst pain (500 pulses per session at 5 Hz). Responders were invited to enroll in an open-label continuous trial involving 4 weekly sessions of active rTMS. The primary outcome was a mean decrease in a visual analogue scale of pain inten...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Chronic pain and anxiety symptoms are frequently encountered clinically, but the neural circuit mechanisms underlying the comorbid anxiety symptoms in pain (CASP) in context of chronic pain remain unclear. Using viral neuronal tracing in mice, we identified a previously unknown pathway whereby glutamatergic neurons from layer 5 of the hindlimb primary somatosensory cortex (S1) (GluS1), a well-known brain region involved in pain processing, project to GABAergic neurons in the caudal dorsolateral striatum (GABAcDLS). In a persistent inflammatory pain model induced by complete Freund's adjuvant injection, enhanced excitation ...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
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