Self-Reported Dysfunctional Anger in Men and Women at a Psychiatric Outpatient Clinic

This study examined self-reported gender differences in a clinical sample of individuals referred for concerns about dysfunctional anger on measures of anger and aggression. The sample consisted of adults aged 18  years or over (N = 543; 90 [17%] women and 453 [83%] men) who presented at an outpatient anger clinic for treatment of their dysfunctional anger between 2003 and 2014. We found that women in the psychiatric outpatient sample significantly outscored men on many of the anger variables and reported similar levels of aggression, which contradicts previous reports in nonclinical populations. These results are of clinical importance because women’s dysfunctional anger may be under-reported. Dysfunctional anger screening and treatment may need to be adjusted accordingly based on gender.
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

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ConclusionReassurance seeking appears to be a common factor across anxiety disorders though the themes of the reassurance may differ. Further, reduction in excessive reassurance seeking may be an important component in treatment outcome.
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
(Wiley) Survivors of childhood brain tumors who received radiotherapy and were very young at the time of diagnosis may experience cognitive and socioeconomic burdens decades after treatment, according to a study published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society. Interventions such as cognitive therapies and educational and occupational services may be needed to mitigate such long-term effects.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news
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Source: International Journal of Audiology - Category: Audiology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The review suggests that there is little evidence to support or refute social skills training for children and adolescents with ADHD. We may need more trials that are at low risk of bias and a sufficient number of participants to determine the efficacy of social skills training versus no training for ADHD. The evidence base regarding adolescents is especially weak. PMID: 31222721 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
ConclusionThe results of the study demonstrate that momentary experiences of PEP can be influenced by treatment, and can in turn impact treatment outcome. The findings have significant clinical and theoretical implications.
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
We examined the strength of the relationship between early response and remission in 82 patients who received naturalistic cognitive-behavior therapy in a private practice setting, and 158 patients who received protocol cognitive therapy in a research setting. We predicted that the relationship between early response and remission would be substantial enough to guide clinical decision making in both samples, and that a simple model of severity at Week 4 of treatment would predict remission as effectively as a more complex change score. Logistic regressions showed that a simple model based on the Week 4 Beck Depression Inve...
Source: Behavior Therapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Behav Ther Source Type: research
Abstract Major depressive disorder (MDD) and relationship discord between cohabiting partners frequently co-occur, with bidirectional effects established. As relationship quality influences understanding and treatment of MDD, the current analyses clarified the relations of pretreatment dyadic discord with outcomes during and at the end of acute phase cognitive therapy (CT) for adults with recurrent MDD. Married or cohabiting patients (n = 219) completed the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DYS) before and after a 16-20 session, 12-14 week CT protocol. Lower levels of dyadic adjustment indicated higher levels of dyadic dis...
Source: Behavior Therapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Behav Ther Source Type: research
Abstract Patients' beliefs about depression and expectations for treatment can influence outcomes of major depressive disorder (MDD) treatments. We hypothesized that patients with weaker biological beliefs (less endorsement of [a] biochemical causes and [b] need for medication) and more optimistic treatment expectations (greater improvement and shorter time to improvement), have better outcomes in cognitive therapy (CT). Outpatients with recurrent MDD who received acute-phase CT (N = 152), and a subset of partial or unstable responders (N = 51) randomized to 8 months of continuation CT or fluoxetine with clinical ...
Source: Behavior Therapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Behav Ther Source Type: research
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether demographic and clinical variables are related to disengagement rates in cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for psychosis in a clinical setting. METHODS: The medical records and symptom severity data (from Health of...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Authors: Guichenez P, Underner M, Perriot J Abstract Behavioral therapies have been developed from Pavlov and Skinner's theories on learning. They have been enriched with knowledge about the processing of information, a process organizing the perception of events. For these two reasons they are called behavioral and cognitive therapies (CBT). CBTs take place in four stages: therapeutic alliance, functional analysis, behavioral and cognitive methods, and evaluation. Seven techniques allow the pulmonologist to increase motivation in patients, particularly at the contemplation stage: the motivational interviewing, the...
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
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