Number of nonsmokers with COPD increasing worldwide, report says

For years, more people have been developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease around the world, and the number of nonsmokers with the condition has risen sharply, a new study says.
Source: Health News - UPI.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Abstract Although chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is regarded as a chronic inflammatory lung disease, the disease mechanism is still not known. Intriguingly, aging lungs are quite similar to COPD-affected lungs in many ways, and COPD has been viewed as a disease of accelerated premature aging of the lungs. In this paper, based on a literature review, we would like to propose immunosenescence, age-associated decline in immunity, as a critical mechanism for the development of COPD. Immunosenescence can cause a low-grade, systemic inflammation described as inflammaging. This inflammaging may be directly ...
Source: Yonsei Medical Journal - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Yonsei Med J Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 April 2019Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Xueting Wang, Liuhan Jin, Shan Jiang, Dan Wang, Yapeng Lu, Li ZhuAbstractMale chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and sleep apnea patients are associated with serum testosterone level decline because of hypoxemia, resulting in male sexual dysfunction and lower reproductive capacity. Although testosterone replacement therapy used in clinic achieves good results, the side effects indicates that understanding the mechanism followed with targeted treatments are more meaningful. The known mechanis...
Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Authors: Zysman M, Ribeiro Baptista B, Essari LA, Giffard C, Chabot F, Epaud R, Lanone S, Boczkowski J, Boyer L Abstract Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, a disease of increasing incidence, is related mainly to smoking. Although symptoms only appear at adulthood, the disease can develop from early life events. For example, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, which occurs in preterm infants, is characterized by airspace enlargement and could lead to late lung consequences. Once the lesions are established, no curative treatment is available. Stimulating lung regeneration from endogenous stem cells is therefore an excit...
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The score was an acceptable screening tool to identify COPD patients with high risk of complications. Nevertheless, validation needs be performed in a larger population to allow its use in primary care. PMID: 31010752 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
Condition:   Cough Interventions:   Dietary Supplement: Three-seeds mixture;   Dietary Supplement: Control Sponsors:   Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Miami;   Dr. Robert Jackson Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   COPD;   Copd Bronchitis Intervention:   Device: Inhalation from Breathox with or without content Sponsor:   Liita Care ApS Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   COPD;   Asthma Intervention:   Other: Benefits investigation Sponsor:   Vanderbilt University Medical Center Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
This study examined the risk by occupation.Morbidity &Mortality Weekly Report
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Public Health & Prevention Journal Article Source Type: news
This study examines the effects of the reform on the rate of death and readmissions occurring within 60 days of hospitalization. We use aggregated municipal data for years 2009, 2010, 2012–2014 (N = 1646) for Norwegian patients (age 18+) hospitalized in the same years for COPD/asthma, heart failure, hip fracture, and stroke. We stratify our analyses of the municipal data by these patient groups. Our linear regression models test for moderated (interaction) effects whereby associations between the reform and the rate of death and readmissions vary by whether or not patients were classified as ready for disch...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Mario Malerba1,2*, Valentina Foci1,2, Filippo Patrucco1,2, Patrizia Pochetti1,2, Matteo Nardin3, Corrado Pelaia4 and Alessandro Radaeli5 1Respiratory Medicine, Department of Translational Medicine, University of Eastern Piedmont, Vercelli, Italy 2Respiratory Unit, Sant’Andrea Hospital, Vercelli, Italy 3Department of Medicine, Spedali Civili di Brescia, Brescia, Italy 4Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Section of Respiratory Diseases, University “Magna Græcia” of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy 5Department of Emergency, Spedali Civili di Brescia, Brescia, Italy Chronic obstructiv...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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