Few family caregivers get formal training

Less than one in 10 family caregivers receive training for assisting older adults with disabilities, a U.S. study suggests.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

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This study evaluated the application and effectiveness of a TEACCH approach in teaching functional skills to young adults with ASD who have mild to moderate intellectual disabilities.Methods and proceduresThe study employed an experimental design which compared the training goal attainment of an experimental (n = 32) and a comparison (n = 31) group. We administered the TEACCH Transitional Assessment Profile (TTAP) to identify suitable areas of training and devised three individualized training goals for each participant using the goal attainment scaling (GAS) methodology. The experimental group ...
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2019Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 89Author(s):
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
ConclusionsAlthough this study confirms that outcome is often “unfavorable” after t-ASDH, it also shows that “favorable” outcome can be achieved, even in the most severely injured patients. In-hospital treatment costs were substantial and mainly related to TBI severity, with admission and surgery as main cost drivers. These results serve as a basis for necessary future research focusing on the value-based cost-effectiveness of surgical treatment of patients with a t-ASDH.
Source: Acta Neurochirurgica - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Conditions:   Arthritis;   Knee Osteoarthritis Intervention:   Other: Kinesio Taping and therapeutic alliance Sponsor:   Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Santa Casa de São Paulo Completed
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusion. For the same duration of daily rehabilitation, RAT combined with conventional therapy during the early rehabilitation phase after stroke is more effective than conventional therapy alone to improve gross manual dexterity, upper-limb ability during functional tasks and patient social participation.
Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
Publication date: May–June 2019Source: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología (English Edition), Volume 63, Issue 3Author(s): L. Vaamonde-Lorenzo, C. Cuenca-González, L. Monleón-Llorente, R. Chiesa-Estomba, Y.H. Labrada-Rodríguez, A. Castro-Portal, M. Archanco Olcese, L. Garvin OcamposAbstractIntroductionPlantar fasciitis (PF) is one of the most frequent causes of thalalgia and disability. The effectiveness of extracorporeal shock wave therapy is an ideal alternative to conservative treatments.ObjectiveTo evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment with...
Source: Revista Espanola de Cirugia Ortopedica y Traumatologia - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Numerous studies have examined how alexithymia (difficulty identifying and describing one's emotions and a preference for externally oriented thinking) relates to chronic pain and associated disability. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize individual studies that either assessed alexithymia in individuals with chronic pain vs controls or related alexithymia to pain intensity, physical interference, depression, and anxiety. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO from inception through June 2017; 77 studies met the criteria (valid assessment of alexithymia in adults or children with any chronic ...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research
Rare pain-insensitive individuals offer unique insights into how pain circuits function and have led to the development of new strategies for pain control. We investigated pain sensitivity in humans with WAGR (Wilms tumor, aniridia, genitourinary anomaly, and range of intellectual disabilities) syndrome, who have variably sized heterozygous deletion of the 11p13 region. The deletion region can be inclusive or exclusive of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene, a crucial trophic factor for nociceptive afferents. Nociceptive responses assessed by quantitative sensory testing demonstrated reduced pain sensitivity ...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Pain-related diseases are the top leading causes of life disability. Identifying brain regions involved in persistent neuronal changes will provide new insights for developing efficient chronic pain treatment. Here, we showed that anterior nucleus of paraventricular thalamus (PVA) plays an essential role in the development of mechanical hyperalgesia in neuropathic and inflammatory pain models in mice. Increase in c-Fos, phosphorylated extracellular signal–regulated kinase, and hyperexcitability of PVA neurons were detected in hyperalgesic mice. Direct activation of PVA neurons using optogenetics and pharmacological a...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
The objectives of this study were to identify trajectories of SA/DP before and after strong and weak opioid initiation for noncancer pain and the factors associated with these trajectories. A longitudinal population-based study of 201,641 people (24-59 years) without cancer who initiated opioid analgesics in 2009 in Sweden was conducted. Trajectories of net annual SA/DP days in the 5 years before/after opioid initiation were estimated with group-based trajectory modelling. Multinomial logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for factors associated with trajectory groups....
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
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