Antimicrobial Blue Light Inactivation of Polymicrobial Biofilms

Antimicrobial Blue Light Inactivation of Polymicrobial Biofilms Raquel Ferrer-Espada1,2, Xiaojing Liu1,2, Xueping Sharon Goh1,2 and Tianhong Dai1,2* 1Wellman Center for Photomedicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States 2Vaccine &Immunotherapy Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States Polymicrobial biofilms, in which mixed microbial species are present, play a significant role in persistent infections. Furthermore, polymicrobial biofilms promote antibiotic resistance by allowing interspecies transfer of antibiotic resistance genes. In the present study, we investigated the effectiveness of antimicrobial blue light (aBL; 405 nm), an innovative non-antibiotic approach, for the inactivation of polymicrobial biofilms. Dual-species biofilms with Pseudomonas aeruginosa and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) as well as with P. aeruginosa and Candida albicans were reproducibly grown in 96-well microtiter plates or in the CDC biofilm reactor for 24 or 48 h. The effectiveness of aBL inactivation of polymicrobial biofilms was determined through colony forming assay and compared with that of monomicrobial biofilms of each species. aBL-induced morphological changes of biofilms were analyzed with confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). For 24-h old monomicrobial biofilms formed in 96-well microtiter plates, 6.30-log10 CFU inac...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

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