Blood Pressure Perturbations after Abdominal Surgery Blood Pressure Perturbations after Abdominal Surgery

This study found that potentially serious postoperative hypotension or hypertension is common after abdominal surgery, and often goes undetected.Anesthesiology
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Anesthesiology Journal Article Source Type: news

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Geng-Hong Xia1†, Chao You1,2†, Xu-Xuan Gao1, Xiu-Li Zeng1, Jia-Jia Zhu1, Kai-Yu Xu3, Chu-Hong Tan1, Ruo-Ting Xu1, Qi-Heng Wu1, Hong-Wei Zhou3, Yan He4*‡ and Jia Yin1*‡ 1Department of Neurology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China 2Department of Neurology, The First People's Hospital of Zunyi, Zunyi, China 3State Key Laboratory of Organ Failure Research, Division of Laboratory Medicine, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China 4Microbiome Medicine Center, Division of Laboratory Medicine, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical Univ...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In conclusion, in vitro exposure to platelets of healthy origins had a positive effect on functional properties of atherosclerotic late EPCs. The most likely candidates mediating EPC-platelet interaction can be SDF-1α, VEGF, CD40L, PDGF, IL-1β,-6,-8, miR-223, and IGF-1R. The current study brings evidences that the presence of healthy origin platelets is of utmost importance on functional improvement of EPCs in atherosclerosis. Introduction Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) represent a heterogeneous cell population derived from circulating CD34 positive or CD34 and KDR/VEGF receptor-2 (KDR/VEGFR2) doubl...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Joong-Goo Kim1,2, Han-Bin Lee2 and Sang-Beom Jeon2* 1Department of Neurology, Jeju National University Hospital, Jeju, South Korea 2Department of Neurology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea Objectives: The use of dexmedetomidine and ketamine (DEX–KET) combination for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sedation has not been evaluated. We investigated the efficacy and safety of DEX–KET for sedation of patients undergoing MRI of the brain. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted to compare the DEX–KET combination and midazolam for MRI sed...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Sara AlMarabeh, Mohammed H. Abdulla and Ken D. O'Halloran* Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine and Health, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland Renal sensory nerves are important in the regulation of body fluid and electrolyte homeostasis, and blood pressure. Activation of renal mechanoreceptor afferents triggers a negative feedback reno-renal reflex that leads to the inhibition of sympathetic nervous outflow. Conversely, activation of renal chemoreceptor afferents elicits reflex sympathoexcitation. Dysregulation of reno-renal reflexes by suppression of the inhibitory refle...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Anna M. D. Watson1,2*, Eleanor A. M. Gould2, Sally A. Penfold2, Gavin W. Lambert2,3, Putra Riza Pratama2, Aozhi Dai1, Stephen P. Gray2, Geoffrey A. Head2† and Karin A. Jandeleit-Dahm1,2† 1Department of Diabetes, Central Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia 2Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, VIC, Australia 3Iverson Health Innovation Research Institute, Faculty of Health, Arts and Design, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, VIC, Australia Patients with diabetic hypertensive nephropathy have accelerated ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Bartolo Ferraro1,2, Maria Donniacuo3, Loredana Sodano3, Franca Ferraraccio4, Rosa Maisto3, Eliana Gulotta5, Gorizio Pieretti6, Michele D’Amico3*, Maria Consiglia Trotta3 and Barbara Rinaldi3 1Institute for Cardiovascular Prevention (IPEK), Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Munich, Germany 2DZHK, Partner Site Munich Heart Alliance, Munich, Germany 3Department of Experimental Medicine, Pharmacology Division, University of Campania “L. Vanvitelli”, Naples, Italy 4Department of Clinical, Public and Preventive Medicine, University of Campania “L. Vanvitelli”, Naples, Italy 5Departm...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Characteristics and nonverbal behaviors of experimenters/clinicians contribute to the elicitation and modulation of pain, placebo, and nocebo effects.IntroductionThe present qualitative review investigated whether the characteristics or nonverbal behavior (NB) of the person administrating painful stimulation affected pain or placebo/nocebo effects in the research participant. The placebo effect is a psychobiological response that may occur following the application of active and inactive interventions (1). Applying an inactive medication paired with positive information about its analgesic effects can reduce pa...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) complicate approximately 5-10% of pregnancies. In the past 20 years the incidence of HDPs has increased by 25%.1 These disorders, combined with delayed or inadequate treatment of severe systolic hypertension, continue to be a leading cause of maternal death – nearly one woman dies every day in the United States of America (USA) and there are an additional 50-60,000 deaths per year worldwide.2,3 A vast majority of deaths result from hemorrhagic stroke and the complications of seizures.
Source: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Review article Source Type: research
In this study, we aim to answer the questions on whether component combination of berberine, baicalin, and geniposide (BBG), namely Refined-Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Decoction, could achieve an efficacy less than, equal to, or better than the formula and whether unexpected effects, e.g., toxicity, occur due to this combination. This is important for the development of new drugs based on traditional therapies. Metabolomics is a thriving technology defined as the quantitative analysis of dynamic metabolic responses to pathophysiological stimuli or genetic modification (Nordström and Lewensohn, 2010; Baker, 2011). Metabolomics ...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: There is a wide heterogeneity of postoperative cerebral hemodynamic findings among TBI patients who underwent DC, including hemodynamic heterogeneity between their cerebral hemispheres. DC was proved to be effective for the treatment of cerebral oligoemia. Our data support the concept of heterogeneous nature of the pathophysiology of the TBI and suggest that DC as the sole treatment modality is insufficient. Introduction Decompressive craniectomy (DC) may effectively decrease intracranial pressure (ICP) and increase cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients with refracto...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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