Predicting Flare Risk After Stopping Adalimumab in RA Predicting Flare Risk After Stopping Adalimumab in RA

A new study examines the question of whether adalimumab trough and antidrug antibody levels predict flare among rheumatoid arthritis patients who have stopped adalimumab.Rheumatology
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Rheumatology Journal Article Source Type: news

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This study aimed to investigate the efficacy enhancing and toxicity reducing mechanism of combination of them in adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) rats by metabolomics. Rats were randomly divided into seven groups, including A (healthy control), B (model control), C1 (therapy group), C2 (efficacy enhancing group), D1 (toxicity group), and D2 (toxicity reducing group), and dexamethasone group was used as positive control. The plasma biochemical indexes showed that therapeutic dose of lipid-soluble alkaloids of FZ could significantly inhibit the concentrations of IL-1β, TNF-α, and IFN-γ in AIA rats, and combi...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: Multimodal imaging demonstrates choriocapillaris degeneration in eyes with HCQ retinopathy, particularly those with severe retinopathy. The choroidal change was associated with outer retinal toxicity of HCQ.
Source: RETINA - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research
Truliant Tibial Fit Tray Cemented SZ 3F / 3T, Catalog Number 02-022-45-3030 Product Usage: Knee joint patellofemorotibial polymer/metal/polymer semi-constrained cemented The OPTETRAK Comprehensive Knee Systems are indicated for use in skeletally mature individuals undergoing primary surgery for total knee replacement due to osteoarthritis, osteonecrosis, rheumatoid arthritis and/or post-traumatic degenerative problems.
Source: Medical Device Recalls - Category: Medical Devices Source Type: alerts
Kalins Banerjee1, Ni Zhao2, Arun Srinivasan3, Lingzhou Xue3, Steven D. Hicks4, Frank A. Middleton5, Rongling Wu1 and Xiang Zhan1* 1Department of Public Health Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, PA, United States2Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States3Department of Statistics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, United States4Department of Pediatrics, Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, PA, United States5Department of Neuroscience, State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY, United States Differential abundance...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
In this study, we identified 37 genus-level core bacteria from feces of 101 healthy mice with different ages, sexes, and mouse strains in three previous studies. They collectively represented nearly half of the total sequences, and predominantly included carbohydrate- and amino acids-metabolizing bacteria and immunomodulatory bacteria. Among them, Anaerostipes indwelt the gut of all healthy mice. Co-abundance analysis showed that these core genera were clustered into five groups (Group C1–C5), which were ecologically related. For example, the abundances of Group C2 including probiotics Bifidobacterium and Lactobacill...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, we unraveled the secretome of G. adiacens, an oral bacterium well-documented in infective endocarditis, but also recently shown to be involved in oral infections. Importantly, the secretome of G. adiacens comprised of a large number of putative virulence factors. Of particular importance is the finding that the G. adiacens secretome comprised of a number of “moonlighting” proteins, which in other species are shown to enhance bacterial colonization and virulence through their multifunctional roles (Pavkova et al., 2017; Graf et al., 2019). Thus, our results provide a basis for investigating the ro...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluated the effect of auranofin on the radiosensitivity of intestinal epithelial cells. The treatment with a combination of 1 μM auranofin and 5 Gy ionizing radiation showed clear additive effects on caspase 3 cleavage and apoptotic DNA fragmentation in IEC-6 cells, and auranofin administration significantly aggravated the radiation-induced intestinal injury in mice. Auranofin treatment also resulted in the activation of the unfolded protein response and in the inhibition of thioredoxin reductase, which is a key component of the cellular antioxidant system. Pre-treatment with N-acetyl cysteine, a wel...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study showed a good safety and tolerability profile of the studied substance (Monteleone et al., 2012). Since TGFβ has been described to induce the profibrogenetic response of fibroblasts, patients were monitored for 6 months with intestinal ultrasonography, not showing signs of intestinal stenosis. Moreover, half of the patients maintained remission during the 6 months follow up period (Zorzi et al., 2012). Afterwards, a randomized, double-blind, phase 2 study was conducted in CD patients with inflammatory lesions in the terminal ileum and/or right colon, with steroid-dependence/resistance, randomized to three ...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The present study suggests that the extract of LMZ attenuates CFA-induced inflammatory pain by suppressing the ERK1/2 and NF-κB signaling pathway at both peripheral and central level. Introduction Pain is one of the most common symptoms in clinical practice, and inflammatory pain is the most important type of pain (Patapoutian et al., 2009). Inflammatory pain is a growing global health problem. In generally, there is a common course of progression in inflammation and pain share. When patients experience inflammation, they may develop hyperalgesia or allodynia to various mechanical, thermal, or che...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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