3D Ultrasound gives clinicians clearer picture to treat gynaecological cancer

(University of Western Ontario) By transforming a conventional ultrasound probe, already found in most clinics, the technology can provide a 360-degree, three-dimensional view of surgical tools and surrounding tissue and organs. It provides a clearer and more accurate picture in the operating room for clinicians who need to precisely insert needles into the tumour for a procedure called interstitial brachytherapy, a type of targeted radiation therapy that uses intense energy to kill cancer cells in the tumour from the inside out.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Related Links:

We report on the efficacy and adverse effects of the currently available local salvage modalities including salvage radical prostatectomy, high dose rate and low dose rate brachytherapy, cryotherapy, high intensity focused ultrasound, and stereotactic body RT. We additionally discuss diagnosis of oligometastatic disease on imaging and current approaches to treatment with either radiation or surgery. While a full review of chemotherapy and advanced androgen therapies is beyond the scope of this article we briefly discuss their use in the treatment of newly diagnosed recurrence after radiation. PMID: 31133370 [PubMed - ...
Source: Urologic Oncology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Urol Oncol Source Type: research
To develop a simple and efficient prediction model for estimating the skin dose during intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) for breast cancer that utilizes the ultrasound skin bridge readings obtained as part of the treatment preparation.
Source: Brachytherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: The efficacy of brainstem gliomas—treated with CyberKnife is efficacious with mild toxicity. Introduction Brainstem gliomas (BSGs) account for 5–15% of brain tumors and more likely happen in children (1). BSGs constitute at least 20% of childhood brain neoplasms (2), and the peak age is 7–9 years. In contrast, BSGs is rare in the adult population and account for only 1.5–2.5% of brain glioma, with a peak age of 40–70 years (1). Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma(DIPG) was the most common type of BSG is that could invade the whole brainstem including midbrain, pons as well as me...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This article summarizes the outcomes of currently used salvage treatment options for radio-recurrent prostate cancer and focuses on recent advancements in image-guided focal salvage therapies.
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
(University of Western Ontario) By transforming a conventional ultrasound probe, already found in most clinics, the technology can provide a 360-degree, three-dimensional view of surgical tools and surrounding tissue and organs. It provides a clearer and more accurate picture in the operating room for clinicians who need to precisely insert needles into the tumor for a procedure called interstitial brachytherapy, a type of targeted radiation therapy that uses intense energy to kill cancer cells in the tumor from the inside out.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news
ConclusionssRP was safe, feasible, and effective using either an open or robot-assisted approach, in experienced hands. Age, preoperative clinical stage, NS procedure, and pathological GS were linked with BCR after sRP.
Source: World Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Authors: Trager M, Greenberger B, Harrison AS, Keller J, Den RB Abstract High-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy is an attractive option for patients receiving definitive radiation therapy for prostate cancer with decreased overall dose to the pelvis. However, ulcerative colitis increases rectal toxicity risk and may be a contraindication. A synthetic hydrogel, SpaceOAR (Augmentix Inc., Waltham, MA, USA), can facilitate the use of HDR brachytherapy for patients where rectal toxicity is a limiting factor. SpaceOAR gel (13.19 cc) was utilized in a monotherapy HDR prostate treatment with Ir-192 under transrectal ultrasound...
Source: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Contemp Brachytherapy Source Type: research
ConclusionS-HIFU and S-RP could both be considered valuable LST options for patients with radiation-recurrent nonmetastatic PCa with sufficient life expectancy. S-RP is associated with more pad-dependent patients at 12  months.
Source: World Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Purpose of review Radiation has long been a primary treatment modality in locally advanced gynecologic carcinomas and a tool for palliation of metastatic disease. Here we review advances in imaging and radiation technologies and the corresponding clinical evolution of the role for radiation oncology in the treatment of gynecologic malignancies. Recent findings Advances in MRI are impacting diagnosis, radiation target delineation, planning, treatment delivery, and response assessment. The combination of MRI and PET-computed tomography (PET-CT) has the potential to significantly change treatment recommendations as compa...
Source: Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: GYNECOLOGIC CANCER: Edited by Gottfried E. Konecny Source Type: research
ort van Zyp Over the last decades, primary prostate cancer radiotherapy saw improving developments, such as more conformal dose administration and hypofractionated treatment regimens. Still, prostate cancer recurrences after whole-gland radiotherapy remain common, especially in patients with intermediate- to high-risk disease. The vast majority of these patients are treated palliatively with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), which exposes them to harmful side-effects and is only effective for a limited amount of time. For patients with a localized recurrent tumor and no signs of metastatic disease, local treatment wi...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
More News: Brachytherapy | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | International Medicine & Public Health | OBGYN | Radiation Therapy | Ultrasound