Stenosis Length and Degree Interact With the Risk of Cerebrovascular Events Related to Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis

Stenosis Length and Degree Interact With the Risk of Cerebrovascular Events Related to Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis Ahmed Mohamed Elhfnawy1*, Peter U. Heuschmann2, Mirko Pham3†, Jens Volkmann1† and Felix Fluri1,4 1Department of Neurology, University Hospital Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 2Institute of Clinical Epidemiology and Biometry, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 3Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 4Department of Neurology, Kantonssptial St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland Background and Purpose: Internal carotid artery stenosis (ICAS)≥70% is a leading cause of ischemic cerebrovascular events (ICVEs). However, a considerable percentage of stroke survivors with symptomatic ICAS (sICAS) have
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 27 January 2020Source: LWTAuthor(s): Jun Niimi, Oliver Tomic, Tormod Næs, Susan E.P. Bastian, David W. Jeffery, Emily L. Nicholson, Suzanne M. Maffei, Paul K. BossAbstractIn an investigation of objective measures that link grape composition to wine quality, this study sought to identify Cabernet Sauvignon grape parameters that predict the sensory properties of the corresponding wines. Eleven chemical measures comprising volatile and non-volatile compounds, enzyme activity plus standard industry harvest measurements were applied to grape samples obtained from different regions throug...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
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Source: Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences - Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 26 January 2020Source: Veterinary Immunology and ImmunopathologyAuthor(s): Melissa H. Siard-Altman, Patricia A. Harris, Amber D. Moffett-Krotky, Joanne L. Ireland, Alejandra Betancourt, Virginia D. Barker, Kellie E. McMurry, Stephanie E. Reedy, Amanda A. AdamsAbstractSimilarly to aged humans, senior horses (≥20 years) exhibit chronic low-grade inflammation systemically, known as inflamm-aging. Inflamm-aging in the senior horse has been characterized by increased circulating inflammatory cytokines as well as increased inflammatory cytokine production by lymphocytes and monocytes in resp...
Source: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
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Source: Gut Microbes - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
Alignment of a crystal with the coordinate system of a scanning electron microscope (SEM) is essential for obtaining controlled diffraction conditions or investigating anisotropic material properties. The computer program crystalAligner was developed to enable the weighted constrained alignment of one or two crystal directions in crystals of arbitrary orientation and structure with the coordinate system of a SEM. For a given set of crystal directions, alignment objectives and rotational constraints, the algorithm simulates the rotation of the crystal on any constrained SEM stage and minimizes the misalignment of the crysta...
Source: Journal of Applied Crystallography - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: scanning electron microscopy electron backscatter diffraction optimization computer programs Source Type: research
Multi-wavelength (mw) Bragg coherent X-ray diffraction imaging (BCDI) is demonstrated on a single Au particle. The multi-wavelength Bragg diffraction patterns are inverted using conventional phase-retrieval algorithms where the dilation of the effective pixel size of a pixelated 2D detector caused by the variation of the X-ray beam energy is mitigated by interpolating the raw data. The reconstructed Bragg electron density and phase field are in excellent agreement with the results obtained from conventional rocking scans of the same particle. Voxel sizes of about 63   nm3 are obtained for reconstructions from both approa...
Source: Journal of Applied Crystallography - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: Bragg coherent X-ray diffraction imaging Au nanoparticles energy scanning research papers Source Type: research
Analytical expressions for Gaussian-beam Z-scan and eclipsing Z-scan signals are obtained in a unified format in the case of third-order ...
Source: Journal of the Optical Society of America B - Category: Physics Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 April 2020Source: Journal of Molecular Structure, Volume 1206Author(s): Seyit Ali Güngör, Mehmet Tümer, Muhammet Köse, Sultan ErkanAbstractThe benzaldehyde derivatives (1–6) containing one and/or two propargyl arm(s) attached to the phenolic hydroxyl oxygen atom on the ortho-, meta- or para-positions of the aromatic ring were synthesized and characterized by spectral and microanalytical methods. The molecular structures were of 1, 4–6 determined by the single crystal X-ray crystallography. The benzaldehyde derivatives containing free phenolic groups involved intra- and i...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
This study was designed to explore the mechanisms of DEX in the propofol-induced neuronal injury in rat hippocampus.Materials and methodsRat hippocampi were treated with propofol, and then neuronal injury, neuronal apoptosis, PSD95 and apoptosis-related protein expression in CA1 region were measured after DEX administration and/or ant-miR-34a. miR-34a expression was detected using RT-qPCR, while the binding of miR-34a and Sirtuin1 (SIRT1) was identified with dual luciferase reporter gene assay, and the activation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway was detected. Additionally, hippocampal neurons were cultured in vitro and treate...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 26 January 2020Source: Advances in Biological RegulationAuthor(s): Andrew T. Hale, Rachel E. Brown, Zigmund Luka, Benjamin H. Hudson, Pranathi Matta, Christopher S. Williams, John D. YorkAbstract:Sulfur assimilation is an essential metabolic pathway that regulates sulfation, amino acid metabolism, nucleotide hydrolysis, and organismal homeostasis. We recently reported that mice lacking bisphosphate 3’-nucleotidase (BPNT1), a key regulator of sulfur assimilation, develop iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) and anasarca. Here we demonstrate two approaches that successfully reduce metabolic t...
Source: Advances in Biological Regulation - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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