Insomnia as an Independent Predictor of Incident Cardiovascular Disease in HIV: Data From the Veterans Aging Cohort Study
Background: Insomnia is associated with increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in the general population and is highly prevalent in people with HIV. The CVD risk conferred by insomnia in the HIV population is unknown. Methods: Using the Veterans Aging Cohort Study Survey Cohort, insomnia symptoms were measured and dummy coded with the item, “Difficulty falling or staying asleep?” (5-point scale from no difficulty to bothers a lot). Incident CVD event ICD-9 codes (acute myocardial infarction, stroke, or coronary artery revascularization) were identified with the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and Medicare administrative data and VA fee-for-service data. Those with baseline CVD were excluded. Results: HIV-infected (N = 3108) veterans had a median follow-up time of 10.8 years, during which 267 CVD events occurred. Compared to HIV-infected veterans with no difficulty falling or staying asleep, HIV-infected veterans bothered a lot by insomnia symptoms had an increased risk of incident CVD after adjusting for demographics [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.64, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.16 to 2.31, P = 0.005], CVD risk factors (HR = 1.62, 95% CI: 1.14 to 2.30, P = 0.007), additional potential confounders (hepatitis C infection, renal disease, anemia, alcohol use, and cocaine use; HR = 1.70, 95% CI: 1.19 to 2.43, P = 0.003), and HIV-specific factors (HIV-1 RNA, CD4+ T-cell count, and antiretroviral therapy; HR = 1.66, 95% CI: 1.16 to 2.37, P = 0.005). Addition...
Authors: Musio F Abstract INTRODUCTION: Anemia has and will continue to be a central theme in medicine particularly as clinicians are treating a burgeoning population of complex multi-organ system processes. As a result of multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs), meta-analyses, and societal recommendations overly restrictive paradigms and under-administration of erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESAs) have likely been followed by clinicians among all specialties. AREAS COVERED: A review of anemia in the context of chronic kidney disease, hematologic malignancies and cancer is presented with focus on the e...
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Mutation Research/Reviews in Mutation ResearchAuthor(s): Klaudia Kulczynska-Figurny, James J. Bieker, Miroslawa Siatecka
Authors: Sabet Sarvestani F, Azarpira N Abstract Heart and cerebral infarctions, as two important ischemic diseases, lead to the death of tissues due to inadequate blood supply and high mortality worldwide. These statuses are started via blockage of vessels and depletion of oxygen and nutrients which affected these areas. After reperfusion and restoration of oxygen supply, more severe injury was mediated by multifaceted cascades of inflammation and oxidative stress. microRNAs (miRNAs) as the regulator of biological and pathological pathways can adjust these conditions by interaction with their targets. Also, miRNAs...
CONCLUSIONS: Considering the low number of university students disclosing sexual assaults to health professionals or support services, the results of this survey suggest more work is needed to facilitate greater disclosures to health professionals enabling victims to access the services they need regardless of alcohol use. PMID: 33032303 [PubMed - in process]
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Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: NeuropsychologiaAuthor(s): Erin L. Meier, Shannon M. Sheppard, Emily B. Goldberg, Catherine R. Head, Delaney M. Ubellacker, Alexandra Walker, Argye E. Hillis
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): J.P. Martínez-Barbero, P. Tomás-Muñoz, R. Martínez-Moreno
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Authors: Mantero V, Rigamonti A, Basilico P, Sangalli D, Scaccabarozzi C, Salmaggi A PMID: 33029982 [PubMed]
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