Gene Lifestyle Interactions With Relation to Obesity, Cardiometabolic, and Cardiovascular Traits Among South Asians

Gene Lifestyle Interactions With Relation to Obesity, Cardiometabolic, and Cardiovascular Traits Among South Asians Shafqat Ahmad1,2,3*, Syeda Sadia Fatima4, Gull Rukh5 and Caren E. Smith6 1Department of Medical Sciences, Molecular Epidemiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden 2Preventive Medicine Division, Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, United States 3Department of Nutrition, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, United States 4Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan 5Department of Neuroscience, Functional Pharmacology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden 6Nutrition and Genomics Laboratory, Jean Mayer U. S. Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA, United States The rapid rise of obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) during the last few decades among South Asians has been largely attributed to a major shift in lifestyles including physical inactivity, unhealthy dietary patterns, and an overall pattern of sedentary lifestyle. Genetic predisposition to these cardiometabolic risk factors may have interacted with these obesogenic environments in determining the higher cardiometabolic disease prevalence. Based on the premise that gene-environment interactions cause obesity and cardiometabolic diseases, we systematically searched the literature and considered the k...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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