The Relationship Among Gastrointestinal Symptoms, Problem Behaviors, and Internalizing Symptoms in Children and Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorder

Conclusions: Results suggest that the presentation of externalizing problem behavior and internalizing symptoms associated with GI problems differs between young children and older children with ASD. Therefore, behavior may have different relationships with GI symptoms at different ages, which may have implications for the treatment of and clinical approach to GI disturbances in ASD. Introduction Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts, as well as restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, and activities that occur early in life and cause clinically significant impairment (1). A variety of gastrointestinal (GI) issues commonly occur in ASD, including lower GI symptoms (i.e., constipation, diarrhea) and upper GI symptoms (i.e., nausea and vomiting, stomach aches and pains) (2–10), but the etiology is poorly understood. Children with ASD have been shown to experience a range of GI symptoms, with the prevalence shown to be anywhere from 9 to 91% (2), which is likely due differences in assessment and context. However, it appears that many individuals with ASD suffer from constipation (2, 3, 11, 12). One association with GI issues in ASD may be the response to stress, since some individuals with ASD show an altered stress response (13) and recent research has shown connections between lower GI symptoms, sensory over-responsivity, and anxiety (14), a...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Related Links:

Authors: Karimi G, Vard B, Riyahi R, Motlagh ME, Heshmat R, Kelishadi R Abstract This cross-sectional study was conducted among 14,400 Iranian students, aged 7-18 years to determine the association between the frequency of family dinner and mental health. Family dinner frequency, family relationship, life satisfaction (LS), self-perceived health and anxiety were assessed by validated questionnaires. Of 14,274 participants, 50.6% were boys and 71.4% were urban residents, with a mean (SD) age of 12.28 (3.16) years. Family dinner frequency was significantly correlated with LS (boys: β = 0.27, p 
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 December 2019Source: LWTAuthor(s): He Gao, Bo Yang, Catherine Stanton, R. Paul Ross, Hao Zhang, Zhenmin Liu, Haiqin Chen, Wei ChenAbstractThis is the first study to elucidate bifidobacterial conjugated fatty acid and hydroxy fatty acid production as well as its potential in fermented milk. One hundred and fifty-two bifidobacteria belonging to seven species were assayed in this study. The results showed that only Bifidobacterium breve (B. breve), Bifidobacterium longum (B. longum), Bifidobacterium pesudocatenulatum (B. pseudocatenulatum) and Bifidobacterium dentium (B. dentium) generate...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
In this study, the effects of four different hulling methods, included natural heaping (NH), manually hulled (MH), solid ethylene-releasing agent (SERA) and immersion in ethephon (IE), on odor, tastes, nutritional compounds (fat, protein, and fatty acids), antioxidant activities and total phenols content of green walnut were investigated. The result indicated that SERA treated group had the highest hulling rate (82.80%), followed by IE (54.84%) and NH (46.24%), however, both odor and taste of fresh walnut kernels were unpleasant in SERA and IE treatments groups. Additionally, the lowest antioxidant activity (AAC) (63.34), ...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to investigate the nutritional functions of highland barley subjected to heat-moisture treatment (HMT) and dry heat treatment (DHT) in vitro and in vivo. In vitro test indicated HMT and DHT play part in the reduced glycemic potency of highland barley. Meanwhile, in vivo results showed that thermally-processed highland barley (THB) supplementation significantly decreased the body weight and serum glucose, improved oxidation resistance and altered the composition of gut microbiota. Bifidobacteria, Fusicatenibacter and Desulfovibrio were identified as types of bacteria that might related to the...
Source: Food Chemistry - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Authors: Wietersheim JV, Knoblauch JD, Rottler E, Weiß H, Hartmann A, Rochlitz P, Völker A, Scheidt CE, Beutel ME, Eckhardt-Henn A, Zeeck A Abstract Several therapeutic treatments like individual psychotherapy, group therapy, creative therapies and talks with the nursing staff are components in an inpatient psychosomatic (psychotherapeutic) treatment or a psychosomatic day hospital treatment. In Germany, these therapies have to be documented by the administration with so called OPS-Codes. These codes are reported to the Institute for Reimbursement in Hospitals (InEK). With the data of the INDDEP-study it...
Source: PPmP Psychotherapie Psychosomatik Medizinische Psychologie - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol Source Type: research
Authors: Priegnitz J, Langheim E, Rademacher W, Schmitz C, Köllner V Abstract An integrative patient-centered care concept is increasingly demanded for treatment of cardiac patients with concomitant mental disorders. The present study aims to investigate the effect of an integrated concept of psycho-cardiac care (PK) versus a monodisciplinary cardiac (K) or psychosomatic (PSO) care. Patients were examined at baseline (T0), at the time of discharge from the rehabilitation program (T1) and after 6 month (T2). General anxiety, depression (HADS), cardiac anxiety (HAF) and quality of life (SF-12) were evaluated usi...
Source: PPmP Psychotherapie Psychosomatik Medizinische Psychologie - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol Source Type: research
Diagnostic accuracy of troponin T measured ≥6h after symptom onset for ruling out myocardial infarction. Scand Cardiovasc J. 2019 Dec 09;:1-9 Authors: Khoshnood A, Erlandsson M, Isma N, Yndigegn T, Mokhtari A Abstract Objectives: Guidelines recommend a single high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) ≤14 ng/L measured ≥6 h after chest pain onset combined with a GRACE score
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research
This study presents a methodology based on the principles of the radioactive particle tracking technique to predict the instantaneous positions occupied by the radioactive particle inside an industrial mixer by means of a mathematical location algorithm. The detection geometry modeled by means of MCNPX code employs an array of eight NaI(Tl) scintillator detectors, a 198Au spherical gamma-rays source with isotropic emission and a test section filled with concrete that represents an industrial mixer. The choice of the radionuclide is due its well-characterized peak of 411 keV, its half-life of 2.7 days and the possibility ...
Source: Radiation Physics and Chemistry - Category: Physics Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The results of the study confirm the success rates of ankle fusions in the majority of cases. Well defined limitations and residual symptoms can be named on the basis of the available data. PMID: 31820431 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Zeitschrift fur Orthopadie und Unfallchirurgie - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Z Orthop Unfall Source Type: research
Authors: Togha M, Bahrpeyma F, Jafari M, Nasiri A Abstract BACKGROUND: Cervicogenic headache (CeH) is among the common types of headache which has an undesirable influence on the quality of life. The myofascial trigger point (MTrP) within the sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle is one of the most important causes of CeH. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of dry needling (DN) and ischemic compression (IC) on the headache symptoms as well as MTrP-related features in subjects with CeH originating from MTrPs of the SCM muscle using a sonographic method. METHODS: A total of 29 female su...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research
More News: Academia | ADHD | Anxiety | Autism | Brain | Brazil Health | Child Development | Children | Constipation | Databases & Libraries | Depression | Diets | Disability | Electronic Health Records (EHR) | Gastroenterology | India Health | Liver | Medical Ethics | Men | Milk | Neurology | Nutrition | Pain | Pediatrics | Psychiatry | Psychology | Radiology | Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy | Reproduction Medicine | Sleep Disorders | Sleep Medicine | Social Anxiety Disorder | Statistics | Study | Teachers | Urology & Nephrology | USA Health