Vaccines blocked as deadly cholera raged across Yemen

An Associated Press investigation finds that Yemen's U.S.-backed government, Houthi rebels hindered relief efforts as the country suffered the worst cholera outbreak in modern times
Source: ABC News: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

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by Fahima Chowdhury, Taufiqur Rahman Bhuiyan, Afroza Akter, Md Saruar Bhuiyan, Ashraful Islam Khan, Motaher Hossain, Imam Tauheed, Tasnuva Ahmed, Shaumik Islam, Tanzeem Ahmed Rafique, Shah Alam Siddique, Nabila Binta Harun, Khaleda Islam, John D. Clemens, Firdausi Qadri After the large influx of Rohingya nationals (termed Forcibly Displaced Myanmar National; FDMN) from Rakhine State of Myanmar to Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh, it was apparent that outbreaks of cholera was very likely in this setting where people were living under adverse water and sanitation condit ions. Large campaigns of oral cholera vaccine (OCV) wer...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
As the world grapples with a global health emergency that is COVID-19, many are drawing parallels with a pandemic of another infectious disease – influenza – that took the world by storm just over 100 years ago. We should hope against hope that this one isn’t as bad, but the 1918 flu had momentous long-term consequences – not least for the way countries deliver healthcare. Could COVID-19 do the same? The 1918 flu pandemic claimed at least 50 million lives, or 2.5 per cent of the global population, according to current estimates. It washed over the world in three waves. A relatively mild wave in the ...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 health History ideas Source Type: news
TTP, a technology company based in Melbourn, UK, is developing a handheld PCR (polymerase chain reaction) diagnostic device that can rapidly detect influenza viruses, and one day other viruses, in samples of nasal mucus. The company claims that the s...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Diagnostics Exclusive Public Health Source Type: blogs
Pandemics are perversely democratic. They’re nasty, lethal and sneaky, but they don’t discriminate. No matter your age, ethnicity, religion, gender, or nation, you’re a part of the pathogenic constituency. That shared vulnerability, and the resulting human collectivism—a universal response to a universal threat—is newly and vividly evident in the face of the now-global outbreak of the novel coronavirus known as 2019-nCoV. As of writing, there have been over 30,000 diagnosed cases and over 630 related deaths. A virus that emerged in a single city, Wuhan, China—indeed, in a single crowded ...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized 2019-nCoV Infectious Disease Source Type: news
“Everyone knows that pestilences have a way of recurring in the world,” observes Albert Camus in his novel The Plague. “Yet somehow we find it hard to believe in ones that crash down on our heads from a blue sky. There have been as many plagues as wars in history; yet plagues and wars always take people by surprise.” Camus was imagining a fictional outbreak of plague in 1948 in Oran, a port city in northwest Algeria. But at a time when the world is reeling from a very real microbial emergency sparked by the emergence of a novel coronavirus in Wuhan, central China, his observations are as pertinent a...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized 2019-nCoV health ideas Source Type: news
by Ashley Sharp, Alexandre Blake, J érôme Backx, Isabella Panunzi, Robert Barrais, Fabienne Nackers, Francisco Luquero, Yves Gaston Deslouches, Sandra Cohuet Oral cholera vaccine (OCV) has increasingly been used as an outbreak control measure, but vaccine shortages limit its application. A two-dose OCV campaign targeting residents aged over 1 year was launched in three rural Communes of Southern Haiti during an outbreak following Hurricane Matthew in O ctober 2016. Door-to-door and fixed-site strategies were employed and mobile teams delivered vaccines to hard-to-reach communities. This was the first campaign...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Cholera-endemic Eastern India has played an important role in the development of oral cholera vaccines (OCV) through conduct of pivotal trials in Kolkata which led to the registration of the first low-cost bivalent killed whole cell OCV in India in 2009, and subsequent prequalification by the World Health Organization prequalification in 2011. Odisha hosted an influential early demonstration project for use of the vaccine in a high-risk population and provided data and lessons that were crucial input in the Vaccine Investment Strategy developed by Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance in 2013. With Gavi's decision t...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
Abstract Although fluid and electrolyte replenishment remains the mainstay of clinical management of cholera, antibiotics are an important component of the strategy for clinical management of moderate to severe cases of cholera. The emergence of antibiotic resistance (ABR) in Vibrio cholerae has led to difficulties in case management. The past decade has also seen the development of cheap and effective oral cholera vaccines (OCVs). In addition to the two-dose strategy for widespread immunization, OCVs have also been shown to be effective in containing outbreaks using a single-dose schedule. In this scoping review ...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
Abstract Cholera remains a major global public health problem that is primarily linked to insufficient access to safe water and proper sanitation. Oral Cholera Vaccine (OCV) has been recommended as an additional public health tool along with WASH in cholera endemic countries and in areas at risk for outbreaks. The new generation OCV is safe and offers good protection in older children and adults while limited protection in younger children less than five years of age has been observed. The combination of direct vaccine protection and vaccine herd immunity effects makes OCV highly cost-effective and, therefore, att...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
[East African] Africa's cholera cases in 2018 reduced by a commendable 37 per cent from more than 165,000 to 120,652 cases, partly due to containing a protracted outbreak in Somalia and South Sudan, as well as reducing cases in the Democratic Republic of Congo, reports the World Health Organisation.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
More News: Cholera | Government | Health | Middle East Health | Outbreaks | Vaccines | Yemen Health