Chiari I malformation —neuropsychological functions and quality of life

ConclusionThere is scarcely any literature documenting effects of surgery on the QOL of CMI patients. The study we present here breaks new ground by comparing pre- and postoperative NP functions in CMI. We also examine the value of surgery for improving both NP functions and QOL in CMI.
Source: Acta Neurochirurgica - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

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Benzodiazepines may be prescribed to manage anxiety and insomnia in patients with depression. However, as noticed during our daily practice, a considerable proportion of patients treated for depression and receiving benzodiazepines developed a dependence t...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
CONTEXT: Children of alcoholics (COAs) face risks of behavioral problems during childhood and mental health problems in adult life. Identifying these problems at the earliest can significantly reduce the problems in future. AIMS: To compare the anxiety, de...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
DISCUSSION: A reduction of the number of items resulted in a substantial loss in the ability to measure health care costs compared to the full-length TIC-P, because these outpatient populations consumed health care from a variety of health care providers. Two limitations of the study need to be stressed. Firstly, the number of patients in each of the four studies was relatively small. However, results were consistent over the four studies despite the small number of patients. Secondly, we did not take costs of medication into account. IMPLICATIONS FOR HEALTH POLICIES: In developing mental health policy, it is important...
Source: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Ment Health Policy Econ Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 April 2019Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Richard T. Liu, Rachel F.L. Walsh, Ana E. SheehanAbstractWith growing interest in the gut microbiome, prebiotics and probiotics have received considerable attention as potential treatments for depression and anxiety. We conducted a random-effects meta-analysis of 34 controlled clinical trials evaluating the effects of prebiotics and probiotics on depression and anxiety. Prebiotics did not differ from placebo for depression (d = −.08, p = .51) or anxiety (d = .12, p = .11). ...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Conditions:   Depression;   Dysthymic Disorder;   Panic Disorder;   Social Phobia;   Generalized Anxiety Disorder;   Specific Phobia Interventions:   Behavioral: Recovery (Transdiagnostic & self);   Behavioral: Transdiagnostic Sponsor:   West University of Timisoara Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionFatigue in MS is a multifactorial construct, with perceived fatigue and cognitive performance fatigability largely influenced by indirect psychological and cognitive factors. Future studies need to take these influences into account when developing fatigue assessment tools. Further, targeting influential fatigue drivers such as psychological variables may improve the burden of fatigue and quality of life of people with MS.
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
If you’re currently working, you probably know what it feels like to be stressed on the job. A must-do project arrives without warning. Three emails stack up for each one you delete. Phones ring, meetings are scheduled, a coworker drops the ball on a shared assignment. How does your body react to work stress? Imagine for a moment that your boss has emailed you about an unfinished assignment (a stressor). Your body and mind instantly respond, activating a physical reaction called the fight-or-flight response. Your heart beats faster, your breath quickens, and your muscles tense. At the same time you might say to yours...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Depression Stress Workplace health Source Type: blogs
Authors: Baruah J, Vasudevan A Abstract The mammalian brain receives the lion's share of the body's blood supply and is a highly vascularized organ. The vascular and nervous systems arise at two distinct time points of embryogenesis; however, their functions tend to overlap or complement each other in the growth promoting milieu of the embryonic Central Nervous System (CNS). The pre-existing idea that mental disorders are a direct result from defects solely in neuronal populations and networks is gradually changing. Several studies have implicated blood vessel pathologies and blood flow changes in mental health dis...
Source: The Open Neurology Journal - Category: Neurology Tags: Open Neurol J Source Type: research
This study aims to investigate the prevalence of high demoralization among cancer patients in mainland China and the contribution of high demoralization to suicidal ideation beyond the impact of self-report depression and anxiety. In this cross-sectional study, 303 patients with cancer were invited to complete questionnaires. In total, 14.5% participants reported suicidal ideation and 49.50% high demoralization. Logistic regression analysis identified high demoralization as an independent risk factor for suicidal ideation. Only depression (odds ratio [OR], 6.68) had a stronger influence on suicidal ideation than demoraliza...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Cardiovascular diseases, anxiety, and depression are among the most frequent clinical conditions in the Western world, often in comorbidity. Evidence regarding a shared pathophysiology suggests a mediating role by chronic systemic inflammation. The aims of this study were to measure the association between anxiety and depressive symptoms, cardiovascular risk factors, and inflammatory markers. Outpatients aged 40 years or more undergoing colonoscopy after positive fecal occult blood test were enrolled; the following data were collected: body mass index, blood pressure, blood glucose, lipid profile, C-reactive protein (CRP) ...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
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