Exploring socio-demographic-and geographical-variations in prevalence of diabetes and hypertension in Bangladesh: Bayesian spatial analysis of national health survey data

This study focused on examining the association of socio-demographic factors with both hypertension and diabetes and exploring the regional variations in their prevalence using nationally representative survey data on adult population of age over 35 years. Bayesian spatial analysis was performed for both hypertension and diabetes data separately by fitting a model, that accounts for spatial variations, using integrated nested laplace approximation. The area-specific prevalence was then estimated as weighted average of the corresponding individual level predicted probabilities of being diseased derived from the fitted model, with weight from the individual level sampling weight. Finally, the estimated area-specific prevalence estimates were sketched in country-map to explore regional variations and identify regions with relatively higher prevalence. The results revealed that people of older age, higher education, better socio-economic condition, higher BMI are at greater risk of having hypertension and diabetes. Significant regional variations were observed with prevalence for hypertension ranges between 10% and 35% and for diabetes between 6% and 19% while their national prevalence were reported as 24% and 11%, respectively. The western regions of the country including middle capital city were found to be relatively more prevalent for hypertension while the middle-east and south-east regions were observed to be more prevalent for diabetes. The capital Dhaka region was observe...
Source: Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Related Links:

Authors: Augstburger E, Héron E, Abanou A, Habas C, Baudouin C, Labbé A Abstract Ischemic optic neuropathies are among the leading causes of severe visual acuity loss in people over 50 years of age. They constitute a set of various entities that are clinically, etiologically and therapeutically different. Anatomically, it is necessary to distinguish anterior and posterior forms. From an etiological point of view, the diagnosis of the arteritic form due to giant cell arteritis requires emergent management to prevent blindness and even death in the absence of prompt corticosteroid treatment. When this d...
Source: Journal Francais d Ophtalmologie - Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Fr Ophtalmol Source Type: research
ConclusionThe present study revealed that oral administration of CM extract for 28 days, at dosage up to 1000 mg/kg did not induce toxicological damage in rats. From acute toxicity study, the median lethal dose (LD50) of the extract was estimated to be more than 5000 mg/kg.Graphical abstract
Source: Toxicology Reports - Category: Toxicology Source Type: research
Authors: Jun SH, Shin WK, Kim Y Abstract BACKGROUND: Soybean food consumption has been considered as a possible way to lower incidence of cardiometabolic syndrome (CMS) among Asians. However, results from studies investigating its efficacy on CMS in Asians have been inconsistent. METHODS: We analyzed the association between soybean intake frequency and prevalence of CMS based on data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007 to 2011. Data of 9,287 women aged 20 to 64 years were analyzed. Food frequency questionnaire was used to assess soybean food consumption frequency. General linear...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 January 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Michael Mazzeffi, Sari D. Holmes, Diane Alejo, Clifford E. Fonner, Mehrdad Ghorieshi, Chetan Pasrija, Stefano Schena, Thomas Metkus, Rawn Salenger, Glenn Whitman, Niv Ad, Robert S.D. Higgins, Bradley Taylor, Maryland Cardiac Surgery Quality Initiative (MCSQI)AbstractBackgroundRacial disparities persist in healthcare. Our study objective was to evaluate racial disparity in cardiac surgery in Maryland.MethodsPatients were identified using a statewide database. Demographics, comorbidities, and predicted risk of mortality were co...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionIt is envisaged that the current review will add value to more scientific research on M. flabellifolius and enhance/promote the increased interest in the sustainable commercialization of M. flabellifolius herbal tea as well as lead to the validation of unverified ethnobotanical claims.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 January 2020Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): E.F. van Bussel, M.P. Hoevenaar-Blom, R.K.E. Poortvliet, J. Gussekloo, J.W. van Dalen, W.A. van Gool, E. Richard, E.P. Moll van CharanteAbstractWith increasing age, associations between traditional risk factors (TRFs) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) shift. It is unknown which mid-life risk factors remain relevant predictors for CVD in older people.We systematically searched PubMed and EMBASE on August 16th 2019 for studies assessing predictive ability of>1 of fourteen TRFs for fatal and non-fatal CVD, in the general population aged ...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Conclusion: PsA is characterized by an increase in cardiovascular morbidity in relation with insulin resistance. Current treatments seem to improve this risk with a decrease in cardiovascular mortality in comparison with patients with plaque psoriasis but this requires confirmation in larger prospective studies.
Source: Joint Bone Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The Ibarluzea-Llanes clasification could be used as a new system for standarization of PCNL outcomes reporting. PMID: 31950920 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research
ConclusionBerberine could impede the development of dementia via multiple mechanisms: preventing brain damages and enhancing cognition directly in the brain, and indirectly through alleviating risk factors such as metabolic dysfunction, and cardiovascular, kidney and liver diseases. This study provided evidence to support the value of berberine in the prevention of dementia associated with MetS.
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2020Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Feres José Mocayar Marón, León Ferder, Russel J. Reiter, Walter ManuchaAbstractFrom an evolutionary point of view, vitamin D and melatonin appeared very early and share functions related to defense mechanisms. In the current clinical setting, vitamin D is exclusively associated with phosphocalcic metabolism. Meanwhile, melatonin has chronobiological effects and influences the sleep-wake cycle. Scientific evidence, however, has identified new actions of both molecules in differen...
Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
More News: Bangladesh Health | Cardiology | Cardiovascular | Diabetes | Education | Endocrinology | Epidemiology | Heart | Hypertension | Middle East Health | Study | Universities & Medical Training