History of degenerative spondylolisthesis: from anatomical description to surgical management.

HISTORY OF DEGENERATIVE SPONDYLOLISTHESIS: FROM ANATOMICAL DESCRIPTION TO SURGICAL MANAGEMENT. Neurochirurgie. 2019 Apr 02;: Authors: Bernard F, Mazerand E, Gallet C, Troude L, Fuentes S Abstract This review of the historical medical literature aimed at understanding the evolution of surgical management of degenerative spondylolisthesis over time. The Medic@, IndexCat and Gallica historical data-bases and PubMed and Embase medical data-bases were used, with several search-terms, exploring the years 1700-2018. Data from anatomical, biomechanical, pathophysiological and surgical studies were compiled. 150 documents were obtained, dating from 1782 to 2018: 139 from PubMed, 1 from Medic@, 7 from IndexCat, and 3 from Gallica. The review thus ranges in time from (1) description of the first clinical cases by several authors in Europe (1782), (2) the identification of a distinct entity by MacNab (1963), and (3) surgical management by the emerging discipline of minimally invasive spine surgery, to its subsequent evolution up to the present day. Spondylolisthesis is a frequent condition potentially responsible for a variety of functional impairments. Understanding and surgical management have progressed since the 20th century. Historically, the first descriptions of treatments concerned only spondylolisthesis associated with spondylolysis, especially in young adults. More recently, there has been progress in the understanding of the disease in elderly people, wit...
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

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Degenerative spondylolisthesis with or without spondylolysis, multiply recurrent disk herniation, and degenerative disk disease commonly presents as back and leg pain, weakness and paresthesias. Surgical intervention, to include lumbar decompression with instrumented fusion with or without interbody fusion, is recommended to patients who are refractory to at least six weeks of nonoperative treatment, or patients with severe or progressive neurological deficits. This paper reviews the pre- and post-operative considerations, as well as the surgical technique, for a minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion fo...
Source: Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques - Category: Surgery Tags: Surgical Technique Source Type: research
Conclusion: We report the first case of robot-assisted direct intralaminar screw fixation for spondylolysis using the TiRobot system. Robotic guidance for direct repair of spondylolysis could be feasible.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants - Category: Primary Care Tags: Quick Recertification Series Source Type: research
Authors: Selby MS, Gillette A, Raval Y, Taufiq M, Sampson MJ Abstract Modern human bipedality is unique and requires lumbar lordosis, whereas chimpanzees, our closest relatives, have short lumbar spines rendering them incapable of lordosis. To facilitate lordosis, humans have longer lumbar spines, greater lumbosacral angle, dorsally wedged lumbar vertebral bodies, and lumbar zygapophyseal joints with both increasingly coronal orientation and further caudal interfacet distances. These features limit modern lower lumbar spine and lumbosacral joint ailments, albeit imperfectly. The more coronal zygapophyseal orientati...
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
Study Design. A cross-sectional, retrospective cohort study. Objective. To examine the prevalence of the pedicle stress injury, spondylolysis in children and adolescents with low back pain. And secondly, to test the hypothesis that these pathologies are associated with lumbar lordosis angle. Summary of Background Data. The prevalence of the pedicle stress injury has not been investigated in children with low back pain. In recent studies, lumbar lordosis angle was associated with spondylolysis, on the other hand the pedicle stress injury was not investigated yet. Methods. In this retrospective study, 789 consecut...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: DIAGNOSTICS Source Type: research
Authors: Campos M, Vial R, Castro J, Urrutia J Abstract High-intensity zone is an area of high-intensity signal within the posterior annulus fibrosus observed in magnetic resonance imaging; initially described in painful discs, recent studies have described similar prevalence in symptomatic and asymptomatic subjects. Since its' prevalence in the general population has not been established, we used a screening tool independent of spinal symptoms to determine high-intensity zone prevalence. We studied 217 patients evaluated with abdominal-pelvic magnetic resonance imaging; we looked for high-intensity zone, disc dege...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Acta Orthop Belg Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONSThe increased stability between a sacralized L5 and the sacrum may predispose the L4-5 segment to greater instability and disc degeneration in patients with L4 spondylolysis. PMID: 30797204 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Spine Source Type: research
Purpose: Low Back Pain (LBP) incidence in the athletic gymnastic population is high; resulting from extreme ranges of movement, training loads and performance requirements. In particular, repeated hyper-extension and rotational forces predispose gymnasts to spondylolysis (16.64%), with a rate of progression to spondylolisthesis of 47.5%. LBP contributes to high losses from training and performance, but if detected early higher healing rates are seen. A multi-disciplinary team (MDT) informs identification and assessment of LBP in gymnasts to inform training and precision rehabilitation.
Source: Physiotherapy - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: O0049 Source Type: research
Authors: Abstract OBJECTIVEThe aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between lumbar spondylolysis and payload weight between different combat units of Turkish land forces (TLF).METHODThe authors reviewed clinical and radiological data of the military personnel with low-back pain (LBP) admitted to their clinic between July 2017 and July 2018. Age, BMI, average payload weight, and military service unit were recorded. CT scans were evaluated for pars interarticularis fractures and spondylolisthesis, whereas MRI studies were evaluated for spondylolisthesis, Modic-type endplate changes, or signal loss ...
Source: Neurosurgical Focus - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Neurosurg Focus Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo describe and analyze the use of the V-rod technique described by Gillet to repair spondylolysis in both early and late postoperative periods.MethodsPatients submitted to surgical correction of lumbar spondylolysis with a V-rod system were selected upon exclusion of adjacent disk degenerative changes and high-grade spondylolisthesis. A preoperative clinical (ODI and VAS) and radiological evaluation was performed, along with assessments on the early (clinical evaluation —up to 1 year) and late (clinical and radiological—at least 10 years) postoperative periods.ResultsTwenty-two patient...
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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