Social Determinants of Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Uptake: An Assessment of Publicly Available Data.

CONCLUSION:: The addition of questions about the social determinants of health to the surveys that generate these data sets, particularly in the domains of social and community context and neighborhood and built environment, would strengthen the ability of public health researchers, policy makers, and professionals to identify associations between the social determinants of health and HPV vaccine uptake. PMID: 30951641 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

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First introduced in 2006, the multi-dose human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine can prevent most cervical and anal cancers among children and young adults exposed to the virus. It can also prevent the majority of both HPV-driven oral and penile cancers.
Source: WebMD Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Did you know that a viral infection can lead to a number of different types of cancer? If that comes as a surprise to you, you’re not alone. In fact, according to a new study, many people have no idea that a common viral infection called human papilloma virus (HPV) can cause cancer of the genitals, anus, mouth, and throat, as well as cervical cancer. Viral infections and cancer The connection between certain viral infections and cancer has been recognized for many years. Some of the most well-established examples include hepatitis C, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and human papillomavirus (HPV). One thing these ...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Adolescent health Cancer Infectious diseases Men's Health Sexual Conditions Vaccines Women's Health Source Type: blogs
Abstract The present study aimed to identify the association between sociodemographic and lifestyle-related factors with the response time from the appearance of symptoms potentially related to head and neck cancer (HNC) and gain an insight regarding the main source of health information about this specific area. Specific perceptions about human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in the head and neck area were also explored. An Internet-based survey was conducted between June 30, 2016, and July 31, 2016, using a structured questionnaire. The study sample comprised 1058 adults. A direct association was found between th...
Source: Ear, Nose and Throat Journal - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Ear Nose Throat J Source Type: research
In this study it was assumed that there was no immunity following resolution of natural infection. The modeling demonstrated that a vaccine of moderate efficacy could have a significant impact on the prevalence of gonorrhea if strategically implemented (23). While encouraging it does, of course, depend on the availability of a vaccine. From Ecological Data to Evidence The epidemiological evidence from Cuba, Brazil, and New Zealand demonstrates that N. meningitidis OMV vaccines are possibly able to provide some broader protection against meningococcal disease (17, 24), particularly in older children and adults (25). These...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
With every passing year, more and more studies and observations demonstrate growing incidence of oral cancer, a decrease in patients’ age, and an increasing number of epidemiological factors. The aim of the study was to determine the level of awareness among undergraduate and graduate university students regarding the incidence of oral cancer linked with viral infections and high-risk sexual behavior, including oral sex. Self-administered questionnaire-based survey was carried out among 196 Polish students aged 19 to 25 years. It was found that the young adults understood the meaning of human papillomavirus (HPV), bu...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology Source Type: research
Cancer has been identified as the second leading cause of death globally [1]. Among different types of cancers, cervical cancer is the second most common cancer for females, accounting for 11% of deaths and approximately 9% of new cancer incidences among women worldwide [1]. In response, vaccines have been developed to prevent the infection of Human Papillomavirus (HPV), a known cause of cervical cancer [2]. A substantial proportion of cervical cancer incidence is preventable through HPV vaccination, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends routine HPV vaccination for children aged 11 to 12 years...
Source: Patient Education and Counseling - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractHuman papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination has the potential to reduce the burden of anogenital cancers. Vaccine uptake remains suboptimal, especially among young adults. Social determinants of health (SDOH) are societal level conditions that may indirectly influence health behaviors, including HPV vaccination. The purpose of this study was to assess HPV vaccination and SDOH among young adult women and men. The 2016 National Health Interview Survey was restricted to participants ages 18 –26 (n = 3593). The Healthy People 2020 SDOH Framework was used to identify variables for economic stability, heal...
Source: Journal of Community Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To estimate the rate of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine completion by race and ethnicity. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we analyzed females aged 11-26 years who initiated HPV vaccination from 2008 through 2012 in a community-based health care system in California. Vaccine completion was defined as having received at least three injections. Demographic data including age, race, ethnicity, and language preferences were obtained. Among Hispanic patients, acculturation was categorized as low or high using written and spoken Spanish vs English language as a proxy. Age groups w...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
Authors: Appah EO, Ballard BR, Izban MG, Jolin C, Lammers PE, Parrish DD, Marshall DR Abstract Oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC) has a median age at diagnosis of 62 years. The incidence of OTSCC in young adults has been increasing, and the reason is unclear. The present study describes a case, and molecular analysis, of OTSCC in a 21-year-old female. Clinical and pathological information were collected from medical records. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded biopsy tissue from the patient was reassessed using standard hematoxylin &eosin staining, and immunohistochemistry was used to assess the expressio...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Proposed strategies to increase HPV vaccination were similar between vaccinated and non-vaccinated groups. Education about HPV and the HPV vaccine is needed throughout these rural south Alabama communities to ensure informed decisions are made about vaccination and to increase vaccination rates. PMID: 29793895 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
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