Mediastinal emphysema after long ‐distance flight with ketoacidosis and underlying diabetes mellitus type 1

We present a 21 ‐year‐old female with diabetes mellitus type 1 diagnosed with SPM which improved after four days with conservative treatment. A 21 ‐year old female with diabetes mellitus type 1 presented to our hospital's emergency department having suffered from shortness of breath, mild chest pain, and vomiting following her arrival after a long‐distance flight two days earlier. Symptoms had since subsided and physical examination was no rmal. Blood analysis revealed increased D‐dimers and diabetic ketoacidosis. Computed tomography (CT) examination excluded pulmonary embolism but demonstrated significant mediastinal emphysema. After conservative treatment including nasal oxygen and adjustment of insulin therapy, follow‐up low‐ dose CT after four days confirmed full regression of the emphysema. The patient was discharged feeling well, with a recommendation for improved diabetes treatment. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is a rare condition occurring in younger patients without trauma or pulmonary disease. Over‐inflation and/or pulmonary vasoconstriction have been proposed as major physiological contributors and were likely evoked in the present case by increased respiratory drive due to ketoacidosis and hypoxic vasoconstriction during long distance flight.
Source: Respirology Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

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ConclusionHemiplegic spontaneous cervical EDH occurs very rarely. It is often misdiagnosed as ischemic stroke and is likely to be administered with thrombolytic agents, making the patient's symptoms worse. Early diagnosis and rapid management of cervical EDH increase the likelihood of complete recovery of the patient's symptoms. Therefore, if there are unilateral weakness and neck pain without cranial nerve dysfunction and there is no evidence of stroke in the brain imaging, spinal EDH should be considered.
Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
We describe the case of a 37-year-old man with a 20-year history of psoriatic arthritis. The patient presented with abdominal pain, watery diarrhea with mild hematochezia, and a reported 24-pound unintentional weight loss over the past five months. Of note, the patient began treatment with etanercept five months earlier after discontinuation of infliximab for his psoriatic arthritis symptoms. Colonoscopy with terminal ileum intubation revealed active colitis and intestinal biopsy results showed marked ulcerations and non-caseating granulomas, indicative of CD. Etanercept was subsequently discontinued and the patient was st...
Source: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Drugs Dermatol Source Type: research
Authors: Alexis AF, Rendon M, Silverberg JI, Pariser DM, Lockshin B, Griffiths CE, Weisman J, Wollenberg A, Chen Z, Davis JD, Li M, Eckert L, Gadkari A, Shumel B, Rossi AB, Graham NM, Ardeleanu M Abstract Dupilumab, a monoclonal antibody that blocks the shared receptor subunit for interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13, is currently approved for the treatment of adults with inadequately controlled moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD). The efficacy and safety of dupilumab for AD among racial subgroups is unknown. This post hoc analysis from three phase 3 trials assessed the efficacy and safety of dupilumab vs placebo by ...
Source: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Drugs Dermatol Source Type: research
Authors: Green LJ, Yamauchi PS, Kircik LH Abstract Psoriasis (PsO) is a common, systemic, chronic inflammatory disease characterized by key clinical symptoms, including itching, pain, and scaling, and is associated with substantial physical, psychosocial, and economic health burdens. Currently, there is no cure for PsO; however, the introduction of biologic therapies has revolutionized the clinical management of patients with PsO by expanding treatment options to include multiple therapies with different mechanisms of action targeting cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFis), interleukin (IL)-1...
Source: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Drugs Dermatol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 August 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): Qingying Fang, Jielun Hu, Qixing Nie, Shaoping NieAbstractBackgroundAs an important role of host homeostasis, the glycometabolism was closely related to the process and metabolic pathways of carbohydrates such as glycolysis, hexosamine biosynthetic pathway, and pentose phosphate in the host. Disorders of glycometabolism result in a series of metabolic diseases, such as diabetes, obesity, hypoglycemia, and etc.Scope and approachPolysaccharides, which were widely existing in daily diet and cannot be directly digested by ...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Refugees had comparable burden of non-communicable diseases, but a greaterleast once during the study period proportion of refugees than of the U.S. population had uncontrolled conditions. Duration of follow-up, obesity, tobacco use, gender, age, and region of origin were risk factors for diagnosis. Culturally-tailored chronic disease management strategies are needed. PMID: 31422992 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: J Health Care Poor Underserved Source Type: research
This study will evaluate the health care costs and utilization of individuals during their first year of enrollment in HOME and identify factors associated with higher cost and utilization. Secondary analysis of claims data were used to identify cost and utilization. Generalized linear regression and negative binomial regression were used to calculate utilization and cost. The mean total cost of care during the initial year of enrollment (n=239) per individual was $11,095.87, with $4,640.83 attributed to inpatient care. Those with diabetes (p=0.01), epilepsy (p=0.02), or mood disorders (p=0.03) were more likely to be admit...
Source: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: J Health Care Poor Underserved Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Cannulation trauma at the initiation of haemodialysis could potentially be reduced with a strategy of incremental haemodialysis using single-needle treatment supported with duplex ultrasonography assessment to 'map' the vascular access as a guide for clinicians prior to cannulation initiation. PMID: 31423945 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research
Authors: Idrees M, Suthananthan A, Pathmarajah T, Sieunarine K Abstract PURPOSE: To examine the feasibility of snuffbox arteriovenous fistula as a first option for haemodialysis. BACKGROUND: Snuffbox arteriovenous fistula is the most distal native anastomosis possible for haemodialysis access. It was described by Rassat et al. This systematic review evaluates all literature investigating the feasibility and efficiency of performing snuffbox arteriovenous fistula. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane Library and Google Scholar were systematically searched for all English articles related to snuffbox arteriovenous fistu...
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research
ConclusionDifferent from current algorithms, our technique focuses on a particular problem in the field of speech pathology detection (SPD), not yet explored in detail, proposing a way to successfully solve it. Furthermore, the results we obtained stimulate broaden studies involving speech data inconsistencies whilst providing a valid contribution.
Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
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