Kunjin Virus Infection

The following background information on Kunjin virus infection is abstracted from Gideon www.GideonOnline.com and the Gideon e-book series [1]   Primary references are available on request. Kunjin virus (KUN), a subtype of West Nile virus, was first isolated in Australia in 1960, from mosquitoes (Culex annulirostris).  The virus is named for an Aboriginal clan living on the Mitchell River in Kowanyama, northern Queensland Most cases of human infection are reported in Australia, with sporadic reports from Nepal. Serosurveys suggest the presence of human infection in Malaysia, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. In Australia, Kunjin virus infection is more widely distributed than another flavivirus disease, Murray Valley Encephalitis.  The yearly incidence varies from 0-to-9 cases per year (see Graph).  KUN is reported in most of tropical Australia, eastern Queensland, and occasionally southeastern Australia. The disease appears to have been responsible for some reports of “Murray Valley encephalitis” in 1974, and was implicated in an additional sporadic case in northern Victoria in 1984.  A presumptive case of KUN was reported in Pilbara, Western Australia in 1997.  In 2000, the disease reappeared in Central Australia, where it had last been documented in 1974.  Thirteen cases were reported in Northern Territory during 1992 to 2010, and an outbreak of Kunjin virus encephalitis was reported among horses in New South Wales in ...
Source: GIDEON blog - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: Ebooks Epidemiology ProMED Source Type: blogs

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