Rational Emotive Digital Storytelling Therapy for Improving HIV/AIDS Knowledge and Risk Perception Among Schoolchildren: A Group Randomized Trial

This study examined the effectiveness of rational emotive digital storytelling therapy (REDStory) on HIV/AIDS knowledge and risk perception among Nigerian schoolchildren. The design of the study was a group randomized trial design. A total of eighty schoolchildren participated in the study. For the collection of data, we utilized the HIV Knowledge Questionnaire (Carey and Schroder in AIDS Educ Prev 14:174 –184,2002) and the Perceived Risk of HIV Scale (Napper et al. in AIDS Behav 16(40):1075 –1083,2012). To analyze the collected data, we employed ANOVA with repeated-measures andt test statistics. The study post-treatment results showed that the REDStory intervention significantly improved the degree of knowledge and perception of risk of HIV/AIDS among the schoolchildren in the treatment group in comparison to those in the waitlisted control group. In addition, follow-up results showed that the schoolchildren in the treatment group maintained the significant effect which the REDStory intervention had on them with regard to improved knowledge and risk perception of HIV/AIDS. The study outcomes implies that the application of REDStory for improving knowledge and perception of risk of HIV/AIDS among Nigerian schoolchildren is beneficial and therefore warrants further clinical utility and adaptation.
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

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In conclusion, treatment outcomes in different domains seem to be linked to the client’s motivation to attend treatment and the feeling of being coerced into therapy, regardless of mandate (2). It has been argued that there is, potentially, an element of coercion in every clinical encounter (80) and the perception of coercion has a variety of determinants, many of which are dependent on the quality of relationship with the service provider (45). Therefore, reducing feelings of coercion might improve treatment outcomes, prevent disengagement from services, and ameliorate therapeutic relationships (5). Facilitating the...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: There is no evidence to support the superiority of sound therapy for tinnitus over waiting list control, placebo or education/information with no device. There is insufficient evidence to support the superiority or inferiority of any of the sound therapy options (hearing aid, sound generator or combination hearing aid) over each other. The quality of evidence for the reported outcomes, assessed using GRADE, was low. Using a combination device, hearing aid or sound generator might result in little or no difference in tinnitus symptom severity.Future research into the effectiveness of sound therapy in patients w...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: We evaluated a wide range of non-clinical interventions to reduce unnecessary caesarean section, mostly in high-income settings. Few interventions with moderate- or high-certainty evidence, mainly targeting healthcare professionals (implementation of guidelines combined with mandatory second opinion, implementation of guidelines combined with audit and feedback, physician education by local opinion leader) have been shown to safely reduce caesarean section rates. There are uncertainties in existing evidence related to very-low or low-certainty evidence, applicability of interventions and lack of studies, parti...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Suicide rates are high and have only been increasing over the years. Over 800,000 people die all over the world by suicide each year. A proportion of the suicides are murder suicides resulting in additional loss of life. Attempts at suicide occur more frequently and we have about one million suicide attempts occurring each year. Suicide is a heart-breaking problem that is growing and needs to be addressed in as many ways as is possible. Understanding the risk factors, knowing the warning signs and what to do about them, is a crucial step. The more the awareness the greater the impact on suicide prevention. Risk Factors f...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Depression General Suicide Source Type: news
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Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 August 2017 Source:The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology Author(s): Xiao Tan, Lieve van Egmond, Colin D Chapman, Jonathan Cedernaes, Christian Benedict Insomnia and obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) are more prevalent in patients with type 2 diabetes than in the general population. Both insomnia and OSA have been linked to cardiometabolic alterations (eg, hypertension, increased activity of the sympathetic nervous system, and systemic insulin resistance) that can exacerbate the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes. Improvement of sleep in patients with diabetes could therefore aid the tr...
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Group-based psychosocial interventions may have a small effect on measures of depression, but the clinical importance of this is unclear. More high quality evidence is needed to assess whether group psychosocial intervention improve psychological well-being in HIV positive adults. PMID: 28291302 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
This study adds to the evidence base for cognitive interventions to decrease depression in individuals with a chronic medical condition, HIV/AIDS.
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
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Source: The Lancet HIV - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Suprakash Chaudhury,1 Ajay Kumar Bakhla,2 Rajiv Saini,3 1Department of Psychiatry, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed University), Loni, Maharashtra, 2Department of Psychiatry, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi, Jharkhand, 3Department of Psychiatry, Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune, Maharashtra, India Abstract: The prevalence of depression and anxiety in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) ranges from 7.2% to 71.9% and 4.5% to 82.3%, respectively. This wide variation is attributed to differences in sample size and characteristics, and methodology for assessment of anxiety and depression. Mo...
Source: Neurobehavioral HIV Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Neurobehavioral HIV Medicine Source Type: research
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