Can guidelines reduce unneeded CT for dental infections?

Emergency physicians overuse conventional CT scans to rule out dangerous dental...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: CT dose tracking highlights differences among kids in ER Canadian head CT rule reduces unnecessary exams Take 2: Techs opt to repeat more head scans than radiologists ED physicians vary widely in use of head CT MDCT advances oral and maxillofacial surgery practice
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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Objective: To compare the rate of malreduction after high fibular fractures associated with syndesmosis injury treated with open reduction and internal fixation, with either 2 screws or 1 knotless TightRope device. Design: Prospective randomized controlled multicenter trial. Setting: Eleven academic and community hospitals including Level 1 and Level 2 trauma centers across Canada. Patients/Participants: One hundred three patients with OTA/AO 44-C injuries with demonstrated radiographic syndesmosis diastasis or instability after malleolar bony fixation were followed for 12 months after treatment. Methods: Ope...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: A substantial proportion of infants diagnosed with CF after detection by NBS already showed evidence of lung disease. P. aeruginosa colonization was associated with increas ed Bhalla scores, highlighting the importance of this CF pathogen in early structural lung disease. The presence of bronchial wall thickening at such a young age may reflect the presence of airway inflammatory processes. The detection and quantification of structural abnormalities with the modified Bhalla score may aid in the identification of lung disease before it is clinically apparent.
Source: Clinics - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
In this study, the impact resistance in the radial loading direction of nine tree species was studied using drop-tower testing, micro-computed tomography, and scanning electron microscopy. It was found that unlike in quasi-static conditions, density alone is a poor predictor of mechanical behavior in wood and that specific mesostructural features (interlocking grain, diffuse porous vessel distribution and intermittent rays) improved impact strength. A new, hierarchical failure of individual tracheids and the bulk fibers resembling progressive delamination of fiber-composites was observed in African mahogany, the most impac...
Source: Materials Today Communications - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
ConclusionLoss of posterior teeth is accompanied by significant decrease in condyle height and increase in condyle width with no change in the total condyle volume or antero-posterior dimensions.
Source: Oral Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsWithin the main limitation of this pilot study, that is, the small sample, it is possible to state that cephalometric measurements on 3T-MRI seem to possess adequate reliability and repeatability and that they show satisfying agreement with values measured on CBCTs. An MRI examination does not expose patients to ionizing radiation and could provide an alternative to CBCT for three-dimensional cephalometrics in the future.
Source: Progress in Orthodontics - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
ConclusionThe presence of the air cell around the facial recess may provide easier access to the facial recess. There is no significant relationship between the visibility of the RW and the facial recess, Vertical height RW and facial nerve (FN), the distance between the FN and the posterior canal in the axial, the angle between the FN and inner margin of RW, and the angle between the FN and the tympanic annulus with the inner margin RW in the Axial and FRL was not found.
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Conclusion:18F-FDG PET/CT improved imaging and detection of pulmonary involvement and through TLG value revealed the deleterious smoking effect. The fact that TLG neither detected patients with clinical symptoms and functional impairment nor identified those requiring treatment once again confirms that in pulmonary sarcoidosis the link between activity, severity and decision to treat still eludes us. PMID: 31626563 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Expert Rev Respir Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 October 2019Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and LeukemiaAuthor(s): Domenico Albano, Rexhep Durmo, Giorgio Treglia, Raffaele Giubbini, Francesco BertagnaABSTRACTMucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is a lymphoma involving the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue potentially arising from any mucosal site with stomach as most common site of involvement. MALT lymphoma is usually a not aggressive disease with good prognosis except of selected cases. Fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) is a non-invasive imaging tool use...
Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Discussion &conclusionThe treatment strategy should be tailored to the individual patient, the clinical presentation, and the rate of progression of the tumor. The natural history of the disease is still poorly understood and there is no uniform treatment form for such tumors.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2019Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Bharti Kataria, Jonas Nilsson Althén, Örjan Smedby, Anders Persson, Hannibal Sökjer, Michael SandborgAbstractPurposeTo determine the effect of tube load, model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) strength and slice thickness in abdominal CT using visual comparison of multi-planar reconstruction images.MethodFive image criteria were assessed independently by four radiologists on two data sets at 42- and 98-mAs tube loads for 25 patients examined on a 192-slice dual-source CT scanner. Effect of tube load, MBIR...
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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