PERSPECTIVES Stem Cells and the Bird Cochlea--Where Is Everybody?

In sharp contrast to the adult mammalian cochlea, which lacks regenerative ability, the mature avian cochlea, or basilar papilla (BP) is capable of complete recovery from hearing loss after damage. Avian sensory hair cell regeneration relies on rousing quiescent supporting cells to proliferate or transdifferentiate after hair cell death. Unlike mammalian cochlear supporting cells, which have clearly defined subtypes, avian BP supporting cells are deceptively indistinguishable and molecular markers have yet to be identified. Despite the importance of supporting cells as the putative stem cells in avian regeneration, it is unknown whether all supporting cells possess equal capability to give rise to a hair cell or if a specialized subpopulation exists. In this perspective, we reinvigorate the concept of a stem cell in the BP, and form comparisons to other regenerating tissues that show cell-cycle reentry after damage. Special emphasis is given to the structure of the BP and how anatomy informs both the potential, intrinsic heterogeneity of the supporting cell layer as well as the choice between mitotic and nonmitotic regenerative strategies.
Source: Cold Spring Harbor perspectives in medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Function and Dysfunction of the Cochlea PERSPECTIVES Source Type: research

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Source: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
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Source: Developmental Biology - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Dev Biol Source Type: research
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Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Medicine, Biotech, Research Source Type: blogs
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Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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