Socioeconomic Predictors of Surgical Resection and Survival for Patients With Osseous Spinal Neoplasms

Summary of Background Data: Primary osseous spinal neoplasms (POSNs) include locally aggressive tumors such as osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, and chordoma. For such tumors, surgical resection is associated with improved survival for patients. Socioeconomic predictors of receiving surgery, however, have not been studied. Objective: To examine the independent effect of race on receiving surgery and survival probability in patients with POSN. Study Design: A total of 1904 patients from the SEER program at the National Cancer Institute database, all diagnosed with POSN of the spinal cord, vertebral column, pelvis, or sacrum from 2003 through 2012 were included in the study. Race was reported as white or nonwhite. Treatment included receiving surgery and no surgery. Materials and Methods: Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine odds of receiving surgery based on race. Survival probability based on and race and surgery status was analyzed by Cox proportional hazards model and Kaplan-Meir curves. Results were adjusted for age at diagnosis, sex, socioeconomic status (composite index), tumor size, and tumor grade. Data were analyzed with SAS version 9.4. Results: The study found that white patients were significantly more likely to receive surgery (odds ratio=3.076, P
Source: Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques - Category: Surgery Tags: PRIMARY RESEARCH Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS Our results demonstrated a regulation loop among MATAL1, miR-194, and YAP1, which dynamically regulates the progression of AP, providing a new therapeutic target for treatment of this disease. PMID: 31518341 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS The findings supported that hsa_circ_0079993 acts as an oncogene in CRC through the miRNA-203a-3p.1/CREB1 axis. PMID: 31515467 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
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Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Authors: Bani Younis MK, Al-Rawashdeh A, Alnajadat RM Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of palliative care intervention on the quality of life among Jordanian caregivers of cancer patients. Repeated measures design was used in this study. Data were collected from 137 Jordanian caregivers of cancer patients utilizing a self-administered questionnaire. An intervention program called SHARE was implemented to the experimental groups and its effectiveness in improving the overall quality of life for caregivers of cancer patients was evaluated using repeated measure ANOVA test. The results sho...
Source: Home Health Care Services Quarterly - Category: Nursing Tags: Home Health Care Serv Q Source Type: research
Authors: Tsifi A, Papaxoinis G, Diamantopoulos P, Mantzourani M, Antoniadou V, Halioti A, Gogas H Abstract In the current report we present the case of a patient experiencing a life-threatening drug-drug interaction involving the concurrent administration of capecitabine and brivudine. A 65- year-old female with metastatic breast cancer was commenced on brivudine for Herpes Zoster, while on capecitabine treatment, by a physician unfamiliar with the potential repercussions of this drug-drug interaction. As a result, she developed skin rash, severe oral mucositis, and severe and prolonged pancytopenia. These side eff...
Source: Journal of Chemotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Chemother Source Type: research
The objective of the present study was to investigate the mRNA levels of important miRNA machinery components, DICER1, DROSHA, DiGeroge syndrome critical region gene 8 (DGCR8), and Argonaute 2 (AGO2), and their correlations with clinicopathological characteristics of ccRCC using mRNA expression data from The Cancer Genome Atlas kidney clear cell carcinoma (TCGA KIRC) cohort and a Korean ccRCC cohort. mRNA levels of DICER1, DROSHA, and DGCR8 were significantly decreased in both cohorts. However, AGO2 was significantly downregulated only in the Korean ccRCC cohort. Additionally, positive correlations were observed between th...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
LncRNA AWPPH participates in the metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer by upregulating TGF-β1 expression. Oncol Lett. 2019 Oct;18(4):4246-4252 Authors: Huo Y, Li A, Wang Z Abstract Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) AWPPH is a characterized oncogenic lncRNA in hepatocellular carcinoma and bladder cancer. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential involvement of AWPPH in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Expression of AWPPH in lung biopsy tissues and serum of both healthy controls and patients with NSCLC with different tumor sizes, and with and without distant tumor metastasis was...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
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Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Bone Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
As an alternative to conventional photon-based radiotherapy, radiation with protons is recognised to offer considerable advantages. Today, central nervous system tumours, various sarcomatous tumours, childhood cancer and head and neck tumours are commonly treated with proton therapy. This review evaluates current data from clinical and dosimetric trials on the treatment of selected sarcomatous tumours like rhabdomyosarcoma, osteosarcoma, chordoma, chondrosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma. Special considerations for paediatric tumours and future prospects of proton therapy are outlined.
Source: Clinical Oncology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Overview Source Type: research
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