Emerging and threatening vector-borne zoonoses in the world and in Europe: a brief update.

Emerging and threatening vector-borne zoonoses in the world and in Europe: a brief update. Pathog Glob Health. 2019 Mar 27;:1-9 Authors: Jánová E Abstract Climatic changes, landscape management, massive human, animal and commodity transportation represent important factors which are contributing to the spread of zoonotic diseases. The environmental and socioeconomic factors affecting the incidence of vector-borne zoonoses and possibilities for the reduction of disease impacts are discussed in the article. The most important zoonoses with expanding area of incidence and/or increasing occurrence are summarized, with special emphasis on the European region. While some diseases and their respective pathogens are indigenous to Europe (e.g. Lyme disease), others have been introduced to Europe from tropical areas (e.g. chikungunya or dengue fever). These emerging diseases may represent a serious threat in near future and better understanding of their spreading mechanisms, pathogenesis and consequent treatment is very important. PMID: 30916639 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Pathogens and Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Pathog Glob Health Source Type: research

Related Links:

This study provides further insight into the ways that lymphocytes maturate and traffic in response to H7N9 infection in the ferret model.
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions: From all the circulating mediators measured, we detected differences of IL-10, TNF- α, and CCL2/MCP-1 between arbovirus groups. We hypothesize that CXC10/IP-10, CCL2/MCP-1, and MIF in the CHIKV-infected group could regulate the CHIKV viral load, while CXC10/IP-10, CCL2/MCP-1, and TNF-α in DENV/ZIKV, and CHIKV/ZIKV groups, could regulate ZIKV viral load.Intervirology
Source: Intervirology - Category: Virology Source Type: research
In this study, cases submitted with a serologically confirmed, clinically unequivocal, or highly suspicious diagnosis of ECM/Lyme disease between January 01, 2016, and September 01, 2018, were retrieved from the electronic database system and reviewed to delineate the histopathologic features of ECM. The series consisted of 14 cases. A superficial perivascular lymphocytic infiltrate was noted in all biopsies, accompanied by a deep and/or interstitial inflammatory infiltrate in 9 cases (64%). The inflammation ranged from relatively sparse to dense and prominent. At least focal interface changes were noted in 12 biopsies (86...
Source: The American Journal of Dermatopathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research
by Marie-Marie Olive, Thierry Baldet, James Devillers, Johanna Fite, Marie-Claire Paty, Christophe Paupy, Philippe Qu énel, Elsa Quillery, Jocelyn Raude, Jean-Paul Stahl, Marie Thiann-Bo-Morel, David Roiz Author summary: The concurrent circulation of dengue and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may produce many unfavourable outcomes —such as co-infections; delays in diagnosis, treatment, and mitigation measures; overwhelming of the healthcare system; underreporting of cases; deterioration in surveillance and control interventions; and exacerbation of social inequalities. Indeed, lockdown is greatly compromis...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Dengue virus (DENV) infection in the brain causes severe dengue disease with neuropathic complications. In addition to viral effects, immunogenic or pathogenic central nervous system (CNS) inflammation can be induced during DENV infection. By using an immunocompetent outbred ICR (Institute of Cancer Research) mouse model for investigating CNS immunity upon DENV infection, we conducted single-panel immune cell profiling and a multiplex cytokine assay. The ICR mice infected with DENV presented with progressive hunchback posture, limbic seizures, limbic weakness, paralysis, and lethality. When the virions were released, the v...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract We estimated the weighted mean basic reproduction number (R0) of chikungunya virus based on outbreak size. R0 was 3.4 (95% CI 2.4-4.2) and varied for 2 primary chikungunya mosquito vectors: 4.1 (95% CI 1.5-6.6) for Aedes aegypti and 2.8 (95% CI 1.8-3.8) for Ae. albopictus. PMID: 32946722 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research
Source: Infection and Drug Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infection and Drug Resistance Source Type: research
Dengue fever usually presents as a self-limiting acute febrile illness with worsening thrombocytopenia, with a small minority of patients developing hemorrhagic or life-threatening complications. Organ specifi...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Case report Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe present study found that there was a high prevalence of severe malaria among patients withPlasmodium and DENV co-infection. Physicians in endemic areas where these two diseases overlap should recognize that patients with this co-infection can develop either severe malaria or severe dengue with bleeding complications, but a greater risk of developing severe dengue than severe malaria was noted in patients with this co-infection.Trial registrationThe protocol of this study was registered at PROSPERO:CRD42020196792.
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Etiologies for Bell's palsy include herpes viruses and Lyme disease, with highest incidence in the colder and warmer months, respectively. In New Jersey, a Lyme-endemic area, the months with the most Lyme disease (80% of cases) are May through October ( “Lyme months”).
Source: The Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Contributions Source Type: research
More News: Chikungunya | Dengue Fever | Environmental Health | International Medicine & Public Health | Lyme Disease | Zoonoses