Summative Content Analysis for Understanding of Romantic Relationships Among Rural Mexican American Adolescent Women.

This study explores romantic relationships for rural Mexican American female adolescents as a component of sexual health promotion. Rural Mexican-American adolescent females (n = 82) aged 14-18 years were recruited via convenience sampling at a rural health clinic. They completed open-ended individual interviews describing romantic relationships. Responses to open-ended questions were analyzed using summative content analysis. The majority reported sexual activity (62.2%) of which 23.5% had been pregnant. Summative content analyses identified personal characteristics and relationship characteristics as main categories with eight additional subcategories from responses. Sex was reported as what men wanted from women while physical attractiveness was perceived as important for both genders in development of romantic relationships. They prioritized other relational and personal characteristic such as integrity, and partner treatment of self and others. More obesity was present among those reportedly in romantic relationships. Description of parental roles as a component of romantic relationships was not present. Addressing adolescent romantic relationship with an emphasis on what male and female adolescents want or perceive as expected from relationships, long-term outcomes of relationships and on parental roles may enhance sexual health among rural Mexican-American adolescent populations. This study addresses a gap in literature by exploring romantic relati...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

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ConclusionThis study is the largest population-based study conducted regarding fetal macrosomia. The rate of fetal macrosomia declined over the previous 5 decades with the most substantial drop observed in the phenotype with the worst prognosis.
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Conditions:   Apnea, Obstructive Sleep;   Obesity Intervention:   Device: Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) Sponsor:   Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital Recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
International Journal of Obesity, Published online: 05 December 2019; doi:10.1038/s41366-019-0501-2Maternal infection and antibiotic use in pregnancy and the risk of childhood obesity in offspring: a birth cohort study
Source: International Journal of Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion(s)Childhood adiposity was associated with increased risk of pregnancy hypertension, with the association of childhood abdominal obesity independent of adult abdominal obesity. Women who were persistently overweight/obese or abdominally obese since childhood had the highest risk of pregnancy hypertension.
Source: Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Womens Cardiovascular Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
A recognised gap exists between current and recommended practices in the provision of lifestyle advice and weight management support for women across preconception and pregnancy care.
Source: Women and Birth - Category: Midwifery Authors: Tags: Discussions Source Type: research
This study evaluates the effect of preeclampsia on body mass index (BMI) of offspring who were exposed to preeclampsia in utero.MethodsData were obtained from studies identified by a literature search in electronic databases. Random-effects metanalyses were conducted to achieve mean difference in BMI, waist circumference, gestation length, and birthweight between preeclampsia exposed (PE) and non-exposed (non-PE) offspring older than 5 years. Metaregression analyses were performed to identify factors affecting offspring BMI.ResultsSixteen studies (11639 PE offspring; age 15.5 years [14.2, 16.8]; 33.3% [32.6, 33.9] male...
Source: Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Womens Cardiovascular Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Worldwide, hypertension (high blood pressure) and complications that stem from it are the second leading cause of maternal mortality. In fact, it causes about one in six maternal deaths. Among pregnant women in the US, rates of both chronic high blood pressure and pregnancy-related high blood pressure are rising. One reason this is worrisome is that high blood pressure is a major factor in preeclampsia, a potentially life-threatening condition that may affect women late in pregnancy and in the early weeks after birth. Now a study in Obstetrics and Gynecology suggests that a team approach to monitoring blood pressure at hom...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Hypertension and Stroke Parenting Pregnancy Women's Health Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS Within this cohort, pre-pregnancy BMI, excess weight gain in pregnancy, and the presence of gestational diabetes were associated with an increased risk of neonatal macrosomia. pre-pregnancy BMI and weight gain in pregnancy are modifiable risk factors that are responsive to nutrition interventions, which can minimize adverse perinatal outcomes.ABSTRACT OBJETIVO Analizar factores cl ínicos y ganancia de peso en gestantes y su asociación con la macrosomía fetal. MÉTODOS Estudio de casos y controles a partir de registros secundarios de información en una institución p&uacut...
Source: Revista de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The male fetal-placental unit appears to be more sensitive to maternal inflammation than females. Effects are particularly marked on cerebral inhibition. Deficits in cerebral inhibition 1 month after birth, similar to those observed in several mental illnesses, including schizophrenia, indicate fetal developmental pathways that may lead to later mental illness. Deficits in early infant behavior follow. Early intervention before birth, including prenatal vitamins, folate, and choline supplements, may help prevent fetal development of pathophysiological deficits that can have life-long consequences for mental he...
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
This study assessed apoptosis in the offspring of rats exposed to oxcarbazepine (OXC) from day 7 to 15 of gestation. Three groups of pregnant Wistar rats were used: 1) Control, treated with saline solution; 2) treated with 100 mg/kg OXC; 3) treated with 100 mg/kg of carbamazepine (CBZ, as a positive control for apoptosis); the route of administration was intragastric. Apoptosis was detected at three postnatal ages using the TUNEL technique in the CA1, and CA3 regions of the hippocampus and in the dentate gyrus (DG); neurogenesis was assessed in the DG using an antibody against doublecortin. The litter charact...
Source: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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