AI outperforms physicians for interpreting chest x-rays
An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm was able to identify major thoracic...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: AI and radiologists: Better together in screening mammo Video from GTC 2019: Dr. Paul Chang gives a reality check to AI in radiology Accuracy of AI algorithms may drop with independent data Most radiology AI studies lack proper validation Can AI accurately diagnose tuberculosis from chest x-rays?
Conclusion: To diagnose all TB forms, X-ray should be part of the diagnostic algorithm. The combination of X-ray and Xpert testing for high-risk clients was the most effective ACF approach in this setting. PMID: 31500551 [PubMed - in process]
Many research studies reporting on the diagnostic accuracy of artificial intelligence...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: SIIM: AI can detect, classify TB on chest x-rays Practical Considerations of AI: Part 4 -- Adoption AI outperforms physicians for interpreting chest x-rays Can AI accurately diagnose tuberculosis from chest x-rays?
Abstract This follow-up cross-sectional study aimed to analyze the prevalence rate and risk factors related to latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) and active tuberculosis (TB) in children aged
When FDG-PET/CT scans reveal lingering metabolic activity in the lungs of tuberculosis...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: 2 new PET tracers may best FDG in cancer imaging Later PET/CT follow-up helps for oropharyngeal cancer PET shows efficacy of tuberculosis meningitis drug PET/CT key to NIH's tuberculosis research plan Can AI accurately diagnose tuberculosis from chest x-rays?
This study reported a case of an 80-year-old man with a left total knee arthroplasty (TKA) performed eight years before his presentation. He presented with left knee swelling and pain for one month. Knee X-rays showed a normal joint space with no loosening of his prosthesis. His chest X-ray showed miliary disease, and microbiological studies of his sputum and synovial fluid aspirate grew Mycobacteria tuberculosis complex.
CONCLUSION: The symptomatic pulmonary tuberculosis cases show significantly higher SUVmax than the asymptomatic cases. Based on the criteria of SUVmax greater than 2.0 to define active lesions, 100% of symptomatic cases might have active lesions while 70.4% of asymptomatic cases might have active lesions. Therefore, focused attention should be clinically paid on the asymptomatic cases of pulmonary tuberculosis to avoid miss diagnosis and delayed treatment. PMID: 31282469 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
DENVER - An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm can accurately detect, localize,...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: SIIM: AI exploits CT sinogram data to find lung nodules Video from SIIM 2019: Dr. Howard Chen on recent advances in imaging informatics Video from SIIM 2019: Dr. Jim Whitfill on AI, enterprise imaging, and patient engagement AI outperforms physicians for interpreting chest x-rays Can AI accurately diagnose tuberculosis from chest x-rays?
In this study, we estimated causes of pneumonia in young African and Asian children, using novel analytical methods applied to clinical and microbiological findings.MethodsWe did a multi-site, international case-control study in nine study sites in seven countries: Bangladesh, The Gambia, Kenya, Mali, South Africa, Thailand, and Zambia. All sites enrolled in the study for 24 months. Cases were children aged 1–59 months admitted to hospital with severe pneumonia. Controls were age-group-matched children randomly selected from communities surrounding study sites. Nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal (NP-OP), urine, blood, ...
Authors: Augustynowicz-Kopeć E, Siemion-Szcześniak I, Zabost A, Wyrostkiewicz D, Filipczak D, Oniszh K, Gawryluk D, Radzikowska E, Korzybski D, Szturmowicz M Abstract Interferon gamma releasing assays (IGRAs) are extensively used in the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infections. Comparing to tuberculin skin test (TST) they lack false positive results in the populations vaccinated with BCG, and in most non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infections. Nevertheless, Mycobacterium kansasii, Mycobacterium marinum, and Mycobacterium szulgai may induce positive IGRAs due to RD1 homology with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ...
Conclusion: The radiological presentation of pulmonary tuberculosis in young children differs from that described in older children and adults. CT is an effective method for the early diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in immunocompetent infants, allowing the rapid institution of specific treatment, which is crucial for halting disease progression, as well as for preventing local and systemic complications.Resumo Objetivo: Descrever achados radiol ógicos na tomografia computadorizada (TC) de tórax de crianças imunocompetentes menores de 36 meses com tuberculose pulmonar. Materiais e Métodos: Es...