Trabecular Bone Score Is More Sensitive to Asthma Severity and Glucocorticoid Treatment Than Bone Mineral Density in Asthmatics.

This study aimed to evaluate TBS in asthmatics in comparison to propensity score-matched controls and to investigate correlations between TBS and cumulative systemic and inhaled corticosteroid doses 1 year prior to bone mineral density (BMD) measurement in patients with asthma. METHODS: In total, 627 patients with asthma and the same number of non-asthmatic controls matched for sex and age were included in this retrospective cohort study. TBS was calculated in the lumbar region, based on 2 dimensional projections of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. RESULTS: Patients with severe asthma exhibited lower vertebral TBS values (1.32 ± 0.1) than those with non-severe asthma (1.36 ± 0.1, P = 0.001), with non-active asthma (1.38 ± 0.1, P
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Allergy Asthma Immunol Res Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: The present study confirmed that CRS is frequent asthma comorbidity as concerns more than one-third of asthmatic outpatients. CRSwNP is associated with type 2 inflammation and blood eosinophilia. These outcomes underline that CRSwNPasthma phenotype deserves adequate attention for careful management and optimal identification of the best-tailored therapy. PMID: 32171930 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the protective effects of geniposide on dexamethasone (DEX)-induced osteogenic inhibition in MC3T3-E1 cells. The results showed that there was no obvious toxicity on MC3T3-E1 cells when geniposide was used at the doses ranging from 1 to 75 μM. In DEX-treated MC3T3-E1 cells, geniposide promoted the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and the mineralization. In addition, geniposide also significantly increased the mRNA and protein expression of osteopontin (OPN), Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), and Osterix (Osx) in DEX-treated MC3T3-E1 cells. Furthermore, geniposide activated ER...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion This paper summarizes the current findings regarding the anti-colitis activity of plant-derived alkaloids and shows how these alkaloids exhibit significant and beneficial effects in alleviating colonic inflammation. These natural alkaloids are not only promising agents for IBD treatment but are also components for developing new wonder drugs. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms or toxicological evaluation of most plant-derived alkaloids still require much scientific research, and their actual efficacies for IBD patients have not been verified well in field research. Thus, further clinical trials to elu...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Kim CW PMID: 30912320 [PubMed]
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Allergy Asthma Immunol Res Source Type: research
Previous studies examining the relationship between asthma, osteoporosis, and pathological fractures found conflicting results. We sought to determine whether asthma is associated with osteoporosis and fractures in US adults.
Source: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundEarlier studies noted that young adults with IgE ‐mediated cow's milk allergy (IgE‐CMA) have significantly lower bone mineral density (BMD) than age‐ and gender‐matched controls. We sought to identify additional risk factors contributing to the low BMD in IgE‐CMA patients.MethodsPostpubertal (defined by Tanner stage V) IgE ‐CMA patients (n = 78; 16‐ to 30‐year‐old females and 17.5‐ to 30‐year‐old males) were evaluated prospectively for BMD using a DXA scan, serum values of bone turnover factor, and dietary and lifestyle questionnaires. Patients receiving >  2...
Source: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Publication date: November–December 2018Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice, Volume 6, Issue 6Author(s): Luke E. Barry, Ciaran O'Neill, Chris Patterson, Joan Sweeney, David Price, Liam G. HeaneyBackgroundTreatment of severe asthma may include high-dose systemic corticosteroid therapy, which is associated with substantial comorbidity. There is evidence to suggest that this burden is not evenly distributed across age, sex, and corticosteroid exposure levels.ObjectiveTo examine the associations between age, sex, comorbidity, and patterns of health care cost across groups differentiated by...
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 3 February 2018 Source:The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice Author(s): Enrico Heffler, Lorena Nascimento Girardi Madeira, Matteo Ferrando, Francesca Puggioni, Francesca Racca, Luca Malvezzi, Gianni Passalacqua, Giorgio Walter Canonica Asthma is a common inflammatory airway disease for which the most commonly used controller medications are inhaled corticosteroids (ICS). Asthma control is difficult to achieve in individuals with severe asthma, which comprise 5-10% of individuals with asthma, even with high doses of ICS and other anti-inflammatory drugs. In this clin...
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Nature contact may offer a range of human health benefits. Although much evidence is already available, much remains unknown. A robust research effort, guided by a focus on key unanswered questions, has the potential to yield high-impact, consequential public health insights. Received: 26 January 2017 Revised: 12 May 2017 Accepted: 25 May 2017 Published: 31 July 2017 Address correspondence to H. Frumkin, Dept. of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington School of Public Health, Box 354695, Seattle, WA 98195-4695 USA; Telephone: 206-897-1723;...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
ConclusionsMechanisms connecting depression to physical illness appear to involve alterations in the hypothalamic‐pituitary axis, unhealthy lifestyle, chronic or acute stressors including posttraumatic stress, an increase in C‐reactive protein (CRP) in men, taking antidepressant medication, and social and emotional loneliness. Clinical RelevanceA good patient–provider relationship can help to promote decreased acute or chronic stressors, increased family and social support, decreased loneliness, modification of unhealthy lifestyles such as smoking, obesity, physical inactivity, alcohol, control of CRP, and antide...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research
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