Hiatus hernia : Standards and controversies in diagnostics and treatment.

[Hiatus hernia : Standards and controversies in diagnostics and treatment]. Chirurg. 2019 Mar 22;: Authors: Weyhe D, Uslar V, Kühne J, Kluge A Abstract A hiatus hernia is defined as a transdiaphragmatic protrusion/migration of the intrabdominal contents through the esophageal hiatus of the diaphragm. The classification of hiatus hernias is based on anatomical morphological differentiation (types I-IV). The leading symptoms and psychological stress vary with respect to the symptoms, e. g. reflux and compression symptoms. Gastroscopy and multichannel intraluminal impedance pH measurement are obligatory preoperative functional diagnostics. A distinction is made between frequent type I hernia (antireflux surgery), symptomatic paraesophageal, thoracic and mixed hernia types (II-IV). Surgical indications exist in symptomatic type II-IV hernias. Hiatal mesh augmentation reduces recurrences. The complication potential of synthetic meshes must be taken into account. Biological implants show no advantages. PMID: 30903226 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Chirurg - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Chirurg Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Tension-free mesh repair is associated with low morbidity and low recurrence rates in PD patients. Timely management and close collaboration with renal physicians are essential to continue PD after repair. PMID: 32063146 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
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Source: World Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects and underlying mechanism of tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) on lung development using a rat model of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Nitrofen was used to induce CDH. Pregnant rats were divided into three groups: control, CDH, and CDH+TMP. In the CDH and CDH+TMP, fetuses only with left diaphragmatic hernias were chosen for analysis. Lung and body weight were recorded and lung histologic evaluations, image analysis, and western blot analysis of YAP, p-YAP and LATS1 were performed after lung processing. A markedly abnormal structure was observ...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Int J Clin Exp Pathol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: With 2.27% glucose, sex and IPP-modulated by obesity, polycystosis, hernias, and intraperitoneal volume-significantly affect UF in clinical settings and might be useful for its management. PMID: 32048915 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
Magnetic sphincter augmentation is an effective and safe surgical method for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The device has been compared with twice-daily proton pump inhibitor therapy and laparoscopic fundoplication (in randomized trials and prospective cohort studies, respectively). Magnetic sphincter augmentation was superior to medical therapy and equivalent to surgery for the relief of GERD symptoms. Recent research focuses on implanting the device into more complex patients, such as those with larger hiatal hernias or those with Barrett ’s esophagus. Additional novel research topics inc...
Source: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
Although preoperative administration of high-dose glucocorticoid may lead to improved recovery after operative procedures, this regimen has not been examined in patients undergoing abdominal wall reconstruction for repair of large ventral hernias. The aim of the current trial was to examine the effects of preoperative, single high-dose glucocorticoid on recovery after abdominal wall reconstruction.
Source: Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsLateral hernias present a greater challenge due to their anatomic location. An open technique with mesh fixation to bony structures is a promising solution to this complex problem.
Source: Hernia - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractProphylactic augmentation of the wound with mesh proposed by Kniepeiss et al is the world's first attempt to significantly reduce the risk of postoperative hernia in liver transplantation. Similar technique have been described 17 years ago in bariatric patients and confirmed by many studies in various clinical settings. The results of mesh hernia repair in patients on immunosuppressive therapy are not inferior from the data obtained from non- transplant surgery registers.To reduce the risk of using the mesh in patients scheduled for liver transplantation authors chose absorbable mesh, that maintains the mechanical ...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Robotic-assisted surgery for benign esophageal disease is described for treatment of achalasia, gastroesophageal reflux, paraesophageal hernias, epiphrenic diverticula, and benign esophageal masses. Robotic Heller myotomy has operative times, relief of dysphagia, and conversion rates comparable to laparoscopic approach, with lower incidence of intraoperative esophageal perforation. The use of robotic platform for primary antireflux surgery is under evaluation, due to prolonged operative time and increased operative costs, with no differences in postoperative outcomes or hospital stay. Studies have shown benefits of robotic...
Source: Surgical Clinics of North America - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
This study retrospectively reviews 1132 patients who underwent 4 different laparoscopic living-donor nephrectomies: hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy (HALDN), pure laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (PLDN), laparoendoscopic single-site plus 1-port donor nephrectomy (LESSOP-DN), and mini laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (MLDN). RESULTS The mean estimated blood loss (EBL) for the HALDN group was meaningfully higher than those of LESSOP-DN and MLDN (57.5±52.2 mL versus 21.0±30.0 mL versus 18.2±28.7 mL) (P
Source: Annals of Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann Transplant Source Type: research
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