Sleep Duration and Nocturnal Awakenings in Infants Born with Gestational Risk

Conclusion: Infants with gestation-related risks show distinct sleep patterns. We suggest that sleep assessment is included in the follow-up of high-risk infants. Future studies are needed to investigate the predictive value and functional importance of the sleep patterns for infants with gestation-related risks.
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - Category: Child Development Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

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The objective of the present study was to investigate the immediate and delayed effects of moderate, clinically-relevant HB on cardiorespiratory control in preterm lambs. Two groups of five preterm lambs, namely control and HB, were studied. At day five of life, moderate HB (150–250 μmol/L) was induced and maintained during 17 h in the HB group while control lambs received a placebo solution. Six hours after HB onset, 7-h polysomnographic recordings with electrocardiogram (ECG) and respiratory (RESP) signals were performed to assess the immediate effects of HB on heart rate variability (HRV), respiratory rate vari...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Overall, patients showed good adherence to the intervention protocol despite at least moderate depression severity. However, the dropout rate suggests that depressed inpatients may need special support to adhere to a structured exercise intervention program. This study will add evidence on the effects of AE as an add-on to inpatient treatment of moderate to severe depression. Besides antidepressant effects, potentially beneficial effects of AE on a broad array of further variables associated with depression will be evaluated.Clinical Trial Registration:www.ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier NCT02679053.Introductio...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusion This study described four Chinese LINCL siblings who were diagnosed by WES. The patients of these four families had similar disease courses started from motor regression or seizures to cognition regression and visual loss but carried mutations in different genes i.e. CLN2, CLN5, CLN6, and CLN7. The clinical features of LINCLs in these four Chinese siblings were not significantly different from those of Western patients. However, all Chinese LINCL patients in this study presented similar clinical course despite the affected genes. We assumed it as an ethnic specific clinical course according to our observation. ...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
WHO guidelines call for young children to be more active and get good sleep to be healthy Related items fromOnMedica Scotland reveals target of halving child obesity by 2030 Type 2 diabetes in 10 times more young people than realised Most CCGs missing smoking target for pregnant women We are ‘sitting on a young people’s health time bomb’ Texting can improve flu jab uptake
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
ConclusionsEven in countries with limited access to diagnostic means, a good knowledge of the clinical manifestations of the disease can help to guide the diagnosis of mucopolysaccharidosis type I.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Discussion Human trafficking is estimated to be the second largest criminal activity in the world after illegal arms trafficking. It affects all nations with an estimated 27 million people of all ages worldwide but only a small number are identified. It is defined by the United Nations as “the recruitment, transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercions, abduction, fraud, deception, the abuse of power, or a position of vulnerability to achieve the consent of a person, having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.” It includes comme...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: Self-reported sleep quality is strongly associated with postpartum depressive symptoms. Sleep concerns may be an important clinical indicator of low mood in the postpartum period. Future intervention studies to improve mood could target sleep concerns via cognitive-behavioral strategies. PMID: 31006271 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Behavioral Sleep Medicine - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Behav Sleep Med Source Type: research
According to a 2013 study published in JAMA Psychiatry, one out of seven mothers suffers from postpartum depression (PPD). That’s 14 percent of all new moms. Katherine Stone, founder of Postpartum Progress, makes a good point that more women will suffer from postpartum depression and related illnesses this year than the combined number of new cases for men and women of tuberculosis, leukemia, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease and epilepsy. Even though, according to Dr. Ruta Nonacs of Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, PPD is the most common comp...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Depression Mental Health and Wellness Parenting Pregnancy Self-Help Women's Issues Apathy Depressive Episode Postpartum Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 18 April 2019Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Lisa M. ChristianAbstractBirth prior to full term is a substantial public health issue. In the US, ˜400,000 babies per year are born preterm (1 million are early term (37–386/7 weeks). Birth prior to full term confers risk both immediate and long term, including neonatal intensive care, decrements in school performance, and increased mortality risk from infancy through young adulthood. Risk for low birth weight and preterm birth are 1.5-2 times greater among African Americans versus Whites. Psychosocial str...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Abstract KEY POINTS: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a chronic condition characterized by intermittent hypoxia that induces oxidative stress and inflammation leading to cardiovascular disease. Women can develop OSA during late pregnancy, which is associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. However, the effects of OSA throughout pregnancy on fetoplacental outcomes are unknown. Using a mouse model of intermittent hypoxia, we evaluated main uterine artery function, spiral artery remodelling, circulating angiogenic and anti-angiogenic factors, and placental hypoxia and oxidative stress at gestational day 14...
Source: The Journal of Physiology - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: J Physiol Source Type: research
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