Parent-Child Interaction Therapy for Children with Developmental Delay: The Role of Sleep Problems

Conclusion: This study extends previous findings by providing support for the preliminary efficacy of PCIT in reducing sleep problems in children with DD and borderline DD and highlighting the role of sleep problems as a factor associated with differential treatment effects in behavioral parenting intervention research.
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - Category: Child Development Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

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Would you rather be operated on by a surgeon who is sleep deprived (awake for 22 hours straight) or by a surgeon who is legally drunk (≈ 0.08 BAC)? This question came into my mind after reading Why We Sleep by Dr. Matthew Walker. It’s a very interesting read for anyone remotely interested in sleep. Excerpt from the book: "The next time you see a doctor in a hospital, keep in mind the study we have previously discussed, showing that after twenty-two hours without sleep, human... Would You Rather?
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Pre-Medical - MD Source Type: forums
Publication date: Available online 25 April 2019Source: Brain, Behavior, and ImmunityAuthor(s): Richard Whale, Renata Fialho, Andy P. Field, Graham Campbell, Jeremy Tibble, Neil A. Harrison, Michael RoltAbstractThe discovery that prolonged administration of interferon-alpha (a pro-inflammatory cytokine) readily precipitates depressive symptoms has played a key role in development of the inflammation theory of major depressive disorder (MDD). However, it remains unclear whether the clinical phenotype of patients with inflammation-associated depression significantly overlaps with, or can be distinguished from that of patient...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
The objective of the present study was to investigate the immediate and delayed effects of moderate, clinically-relevant HB on cardiorespiratory control in preterm lambs. Two groups of five preterm lambs, namely control and HB, were studied. At day five of life, moderate HB (150–250 μmol/L) was induced and maintained during 17 h in the HB group while control lambs received a placebo solution. Six hours after HB onset, 7-h polysomnographic recordings with electrocardiogram (ECG) and respiratory (RESP) signals were performed to assess the immediate effects of HB on heart rate variability (HRV), respiratory rate vari...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Bradley G. Lusk* ScienceTheEarth, Mesa, AZ, United States Approximately four billion years ago, the first microorganisms to thrive on earth were anaerobic chemoautotrophic thermophiles, a specific group of extremophiles that survive and operate at temperatures ∼50 – 125∘C and do not use molecular oxygen (O2) for respiration. Instead, these microorganisms performed respiration via dissimilatory metal reduction by transferring their electrons extracellularly to insoluble electron acceptors. Genetic evidence suggests that Gram-positive thermophilic bacteria capable of extracellular electron transfer (EET...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsSDB is common in adult patients with FSHD complaining of sleep-related symptoms. It may comprise OSA, NH, and most often, the combination of both. Sleep-related hypercapnia is associated with disease severity. Transcutaneous capnometry is superior to pulse oximetry for detection of NH.
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
BOSTON (CBS) — “Happy wife, happy life”, as the saying goes. Now researchers say they have data to support this old adage. A new study in the journal Psychological Science shows that having a happy wife, husband, or life partner, can help extend your life. Researchers looked at survey data on 4,400 couples in the U.S. over the age of 50. They found that people who had a happy partner at the beginning of the study were less likely to die over the next eight years compared with those who had less happy partners, regardless of household income or baseline health. In fact, a spouse’s life satisfaction s...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Health Seen On WBZ-TV Syndicated Local Dr. Mallika Marshall HealthWatch Source Type: news
This study aimed to analyze the effects of sleep deprivation on sensory gating and its cognitive and neural mechanisms. Thirty-six healthy subjects participated in our study. The resting-state, auditory P50-task electroencephalography (EEG) recordings and the psychomotor vigilance task (PVT) were performed at resting wakefulness (RW) and after 36 h of total sleep deprivation (TSD). Changes in P50 suppression before and after sleep deprivation were recorded, and the isolated effective coherence (iCoh) was employed for analyzing effective connectivity based on EEG data during the resting-state and P50 tasks. Subjects demon...
Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 April 2019Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Xueting Wang, Liuhan Jin, Shan Jiang, Dan Wang, Yapeng Lu, Li ZhuAbstractMale chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and sleep apnea patients are associated with serum testosterone level decline because of hypoxemia, resulting in male sexual dysfunction and lower reproductive capacity. Although testosterone replacement therapy used in clinic achieves good results, the side effects indicates that understanding the mechanism followed with targeted treatments are more meaningful. The known mechanis...
Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
In their letter to the editor, Rishi and Gurubhagabatula have identified a gap in the current understanding of at-risk driving. Sleep insufficiency among adolescents may contribute to adolescent risky driving behaviors and crash risk and is of considera...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Here is what the 2019 World Health Organization (WHO) Guidelines On Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour And Sleep for Children Under 5 years Of Age say.
Source: Healthcare News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Source Type: news
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