Can I teach students with Autism Spectrum Disorder?: Investigating teacher self-efficacy with an emerging population of students

Publication date: June 2019Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 89Author(s): Abigail M.A. Love, Michael D. Toland, Ellen L. Usher, Jonathan M. Campbell, Amy D. SpriggsAbstractCurrently, 1 in 68 children in the U.S. is diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD; Centers for Disease Control &Prevention, 2015) and this growing population of learners has been noted as one of the most challenging groups to teach. Teacher self-efficacy, the belief teachers hold about their instructional capabilities, has been shown to differ according to contextual factors, such as the type of students teachers face. The purpose of this investigation was to develop an instrument that can used to measure teachers’ self-efficacy for effectively working with students with ASD. Study 1 involved the development and evaluation of a new instrument, the Teacher Self-Efficacy for Students with Autism Scale (TSEAS) with a sample of general and special education teachers in the U.S. (N = 120). Study 2 involved a cross-validation of the measure with teachers in Australia (N = 85). Results indicated that the scale represented a unidimensional construct in both studies. Self-efficacy for teaching students with ASD was distinct from, though positively related to, general teaching self-efficacy, job satisfaction, and self-regulation. Using a student-specific teaching self-efficacy measure might provide more useful information for supporting teachers’ beliefs for teaching student...
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research

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This study evaluated the application and effectiveness of a TEACCH approach in teaching functional skills to young adults with ASD who have mild to moderate intellectual disabilities.Methods and proceduresThe study employed an experimental design which compared the training goal attainment of an experimental (n = 32) and a comparison (n = 31) group. We administered the TEACCH Transitional Assessment Profile (TTAP) to identify suitable areas of training and devised three individualized training goals for each participant using the goal attainment scaling (GAS) methodology. The experimental group ...
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
Conclusion: Caregivers of an ASD child perceived significant stress while taking care of their children. Institutions should alleviate the factors that were predicted to increase the caregivers’ perceived stress to improve the quality of the lives of children and ASD families as a whole.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Kalins Banerjee1, Ni Zhao2, Arun Srinivasan3, Lingzhou Xue3, Steven D. Hicks4, Frank A. Middleton5, Rongling Wu1 and Xiang Zhan1* 1Department of Public Health Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, PA, United States2Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States3Department of Statistics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, United States4Department of Pediatrics, Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, PA, United States5Department of Neuroscience, State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY, United States Differential abundance...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusions: These results show promise for using a mobile video-based and machine learning–directed approach for early and remote detection of autism in Bangladeshi children. This strategy could provide important resources for developmental health in developing countries with few clinical resources for diagnosis, helping children get access to care at an early age. Future research aimed at extending the application of this approach to identify a range of other conditions and determine the population-level burden of developmental disabilities and impairments will be of high value.
Source: Journal of Medical Internet Research - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Neuropediatrics DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1685525Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is common in adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) and there is a lack of studies applying artificial intelligence to investigate this field and this population in particular. The aim of this study is to develop and test a predictive learning model to identify factors associated with ASD in adolescents with CP. This was a multicenter controlled cohort study of 102 adolescents with CP (61 males, 41 females; mean age ± SD [standard deviation] = 16.6 ± 1.2 years; range: 12–18 years). Data on e...
Source: Neuropediatrics - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesTo document the prevalence of hypovitaminosis-D in children with intellectual and movement disorders and to identify the risk factors in vitamin D deficient children.MethodsThis is a cross-sectional study on 90 children with neurodevelopmental disabilities. The prevalence of hypovitaminosis-D and the risk factors such as sun exposure, age-appropriate mobility, diet, skin color and anti-epileptic medications were examined in children with cognitive disorders and movement disorders.ResultsThe mean serum vitamin D level in children with cognitive disability (n  = 46) was found to be 26.7&thinsp...
Source: Indian Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 April 2019Source: Stem Cell ResearchAuthor(s): Rosa Montes, Pilar Mollinedo, Sonia Perales, Domingo Gonzalez-Lamuño, Veronica Ramos-Mejía, Jose L. Fernandez-Luna, Pedro J. RealAbstractADNP syndrome is an intellectual disability associated with Autism spectrum disorder caused by mutations in ADNP. We generated an iPSC line from an ADNP syndrome pediatric patient harboring the mutation p.Trp719* (GENYOi004-A). Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were reprogrammed using a non-transmissible form of Sendai viruses expressing the four Yamanaka factors (Oct3/4, SOX2, KLF4 and c-M...
Source: Stem Cell Research - Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research
We examined the association between paternal intelligence and ASD, considering co-occurring intellectual disability (ID) and attention-deficit hyper-activity disorder (ADHD).
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: New Research Source Type: research
This study explored the impact of motivation on the memory for delayed intentions (so-called, prospective memory, PM) in autistic individuals. Specifically, we were interested in the effects of personal (i.e., receiving a reward) as compared to social motivation (i.e., performing a favour for someone). Given the well-established theory of mind deficits in autism, we expected autistic individuals to benefit more strongly from personal than social importance manipulations, whereas the opposite pattern was predicted for controls. Sixty-one adolescents with autism and 61 typically developing adolescents participated, with each...
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
In this report, we describe the case of a 14-year-old female Italian proband affected by ASD, carrying a novel ~ 270 kb interstitial microduplication, localized at the distal portion of the 4q13.1 region. The rearrangement was inherited from a mild symptomatic father and included a large part of the single EPHA5 gene, a receptor tyrosine kinase involved in the neural development, already indicated to be linked to ASD by previous Genome Wide Association Studies. This imbalance represents, to the best of our knowledge, the smallest duplication identified to date that only impacts the EPHA5 gene. We hypothesize ...
Source: Psychiatric Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research
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