Beneficial effects of pre-stroke statins use in cardioembolic stroke patients with atrial fibrillation: a hospital-based retrospective analysis.

Beneficial effects of pre-stroke statins use in cardioembolic stroke patients with atrial fibrillation: a hospital-based retrospective analysis. Arch Med Sci. 2019 Mar;15(2):385-392 Authors: Kotlęga D, Gołąb-Janowska M, Meller A, Bajer-Czajkowska A, Zembroń-Łacny A, Nowacki P, Banach M Abstract Introduction: Statins are widely used in stroke patients. The AHA/ASA guidelines recommend aggressive statin therapy in atherosclerotic stroke patients. Their beneficial effects are due to both their hypolipemic and pleiotropic properties. The aim of this study was to establish potential benefits from statin use in ischemic stroke patients with the diagnosis of atrial fibrillation (AF). Material and methods: Ischemic stroke patients with AF were enrolled in the study. Group I, the statin group (n = 181), consisted of patients who had been treated with statins before stroke. Group II, the non-statin group (n = 153), consisted of patients who had not received such treatment in the last year. In-hospital mortality and neurological deficit on admission and at discharge were analyzed using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score. Results: Patients from the non-statin group had greater initial and discharge NIHSS scores (10 vs. 11.9, probability value p
Source: Archives of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Tags: Arch Med Sci Source Type: research

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Giuseppe Ristagno1*, Francesca Fumagalli1, Barbara Bottazzi2, Alberto Mantovani2,3,4, Davide Olivari1, Deborah Novelli1 and Roberto Latini1 1Department of Cardiovascular Research, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research IRCCS, Milan, Italy 2Humanitas Clinical and Research Center-IRCCS, Milan, Italy 3Humanitas University, Milan, Italy 4The William Harvey Research Institute, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom The long pentraxin PTX3 is a member of the pentraxin family produced locally by stromal and myeloid cells in response to proinflammatory signals and microbial moieties. The p...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Embolism associated with asymptomatic carotid stenosis shows circadian variation with highest rates 4–6 h before midday. This corresponds with peak circadian incidence of stroke and other vascular complications. These and ASED Study results show that monitoring frequency, duration, and time of day are important in ES detection. Introduction Transcranial Doppler (TCD) detected microembolism in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) may help stratify the risk of stroke and other arterial disease complications in persons with advanced (≥60%) asymptomatic carotid stenosis. If so, this techniqu...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Reducing residual cardiovascular risk in patients treated with statins and having hypertriglyceridemia was addressed by Reduction of Cardiovascular Events with Icosapent Ethyl–Intervention Trial (REDUCE-IT) [1]. REDUCE-IT was a double blind placebo controlled multicenter randomized trial. Patients with established cardiovascular disease or diabetes mellitus with other risk factors treated with statins were evaluated. At study inclusion they needed to have fasting triglyceride levels between 135 and 499 mg/dL and LDL cholesterol level 41 to 100 mg/dL. They were randomized to either 2 g of icosapent ethyl twice ...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiology Source Type: blogs
Ahmed Mohamed Elhfnawy1*, Peter U. Heuschmann2, Mirko Pham3†, Jens Volkmann1† and Felix Fluri1,4 1Department of Neurology, University Hospital Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 2Institute of Clinical Epidemiology and Biometry, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 3Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 4Department of Neurology, Kantonssptial St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland Background and Purpose: Internal carotid artery stenosis (ICAS)≥70% is a leading cause of ischemic cerebrovascular event...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
By ANISH KOKA Part 1 Part 2 Physicians have been making up numbers longer than people have been guessing weights at carnivals.  How much does this statin lower the chances of a heart attack? How long do I have to live if I don’t get the aortic valve surgery? In clinics across the land confident answers emerge from doctors in white coats.  Most of the answers are guesses based on whatever evidence about the matter exists applied to the patient sitting in the room.  The trouble is that the evidence base used to be the provenance of experts and anecdotes that have in the past concluded leeches were good f...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: Approximately one-third of patients with ocular ischaemia had ≥3 vascular risk factors with recurrences higher in these patients. Yet only half of those with previous ischaemic ocular events were on antiplatelets or statins. These patients should be investigated and treated as aggressively as other forms of TIA or stroke.Cerebrovasc Dis 2018;45:228 –235
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis supports the hypothesis that perioperative statins effectively reduce the incidences of postoperative myocardial infarction, composite of death/myocardial infarction/stroke and new cases of atrial fibrillation in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. PMID: 29741972 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Ann Med Source Type: research
In conclusion, treatment with BB is not associated with 3‐month poor outcome in hypertensive patients.
Source: The Journal of Clinical Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL PAPER Source Type: research
This study aims to evaluate adherence to lipid-lowering therapy (LLT) guidelines amongst patients with ischaemic stroke/TIA.MethodsUsing hot and cold pursuit methods from multiple hospital/community sources, all stroke and TIA cases in North Dublin City were prospectively ascertained over a 1-year period. Adherence to National Cholesterol Education Programme (NCEP) III guidelines, before and after index ischaemic stroke/TIA, was assessed.ResultsAmongst 616 patients (428 ischaemic stroke, 188 TIA), total cholesterol was measured following the qualifying event in 76.5% (471/616) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in 60.1% (37...
Source: Irish Journal of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2017 Source:Canadian Journal of Cardiology, Volume 33, Issue 12 Author(s): Lena Rivard, Paul Khairy Atrial fibrillation (AF) and dementia are major health issues, with growing evidence suggesting a consistent association between AF and all forms of dementia. Although dementia and AF share several risk factors, the association appears to be independent of a history of clinical stroke and other comorbidities such as hypertension, heart failure, and diabetes. Proposed mechanisms linking AF to cognitive decline include altered hemodynamics resulting in cerebral hypoperfusion, inflammation, genetic f...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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