Molecular dynamics simulation of mechanical properties of nanocrystalline platinum: Grain-size and temperature effects

Publication date: Available online 22 March 2019Source: Physics Letters AAuthor(s): Jiejie Li, Binbin Lu, Hongjian Zhou, Chenyao Tian, Yuehui Xian, Guoming Hu, Re XiaAbstractA series of molecular dynamics simulations has been carried out to study the mechanical properties of nanocrystalline platinum. The effects of average grain size and temperature on mechanical behaviors are discussed. The simulated uniaxial tensile results indicate the presence of a critical average grain size about 14.1 nm, for which there is an inversion of the conventional Hall-Petch relation at temperature of 300 K. The transition can be explained by a change of dominant deformation mechanism from dislocation motion for average grain size above 14.1 nm to grain boundary sliding for smaller grain size. The Young's modulus shows a linear relationship with the reciprocal of grain size, and the modulus of the grain boundary is about 42% of that of the grain core at 300 K. The parameters of mechanical properties, including Young's modulus, ultimate strength, yield stress and flow stress, decrease with the increase of temperature. It is noteworthy that the critical average grain size for the inversion of the Hall-Petch relation is sensitive to temperature and the Young's modulus has an approximate linear relation with the temperature. The results will accelerate its functional applications of nanocrystalline materials.
Source: Physics Letters A - Category: Physics Source Type: research

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