A review of gene- and cell-based therapies for familial hypercholesterolemia

Publication date: Available online 22 March 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Saeideh Hajighasemi, Armita Mahdavi Gorabi, Vanessa Bianconi, Matteo Pirro, Maciej Banach, Hossein Ahmadi tafti, Željko Reiner, Amirhossein SahebkarAbstractFamilial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a genetic autosomal dominant disorder caused by an impaired receptor-mediated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) removal from the circulation, mainly due to disruptive autosomal co-dominant mutations in the LDL receptor (LDLr) gene, but also less frequently in the apolipoprotein B100 (APOB) and proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) genes. A rare form of autosomal recessive FH has been also described due to LDLr adaptor protein 1 (LDLRAP1) gene mutations. FH is characterized by very high levels of plasma LDL cholesterol associated with the high incidence of premature atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD). Despite heterozygous FH (HeFH) patients are still poorly recognized and treated, there is today a large availability of drugs (i.e., statins, ezetimibe and PCSK9 inhibitors) allowing theoretically the normalization of plasma LDL cholesterol levels in this population. Homozygous FH patients (HoFH) have a more severe form of FH, characterized by low responsiveness to the conventional lipid-lowering treatment and often associated with unfavorable prognosis in the young age. Inspired by promising outcomes obtained by orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT), scientists are investigat...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with B. holophylla was associated with a marked hypoglycaemic effect through the stimulation of glycogenesis and inhibition of gluconeogenesis and intestinal glucose absorption, without increasing basal insulinaemia. PMID: 31007116 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pharmaceutical Biology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Pharm Biol Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe results of our systematic review and Meta-analyzes showed that supplementation of melatonin could be effective in improving lipid parameters and should be considered in the prevention of cardiovascular disease, although the effect of this supplement on anthropometric indices needs further investigation.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionElevated WC and high WHtR were associated with a high TG/HDL-C ratio in women. It is necessary to perform prospective follow-up studies in Peruvian population in order to corroborate our results.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study found that a considerable proportion of subjects with diabetes mellitus, insulin-dependent and diabetes mellitus, type II did not achieve the goals of care guidelines of Iran on secondary prevention of complications related to diabetes, especially vascular complication.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionThese data suggest that YJT ameliorates obesity-induced systemic inflammation and insulin resistance by regulating lipid metabolism, and demonstrated that lipidomic profiling is a useful method to investigate the therapeutic effects of herbal decoctions in traditional Korean and Chinese medicine.Graphical abstract
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Millennials are often credited with driving the $4.2 trillion global wellness market, with their love of pursuits like yoga, meditation and boutique fitness. But despite their reputation for valuing health and wellness, millennials are in worse health than their elders in Generation X used to be, according to a new report from the Blue Cross Blue Shield Association. Millennials — who in 2017 were ages 21 to 36 — were overall in good health that year, according to Blue Cross’s data analysis of 55 million commercially insured millennials. But around age 27, millennials’ health began to decline —...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Research Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 24 April 2019Source: NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Zhenjie Zhu, Yuming Hu, Yue Zhou, Yuxin Zhang, Liqiang Yu, Lihong Tao, Aisong Guo, Qi FangAbstractOxysterol derived from cholesterol metabolism is involved in the inflammatory activation, and consequently in development of major chronic diseases. Multiple cytokines have been found to induce the expression of cholesterol metabolism-related enzymes. Several studies have shown that the protein level of cholesterol-25-hydroxylase (CH25H) is remarkably increased in response to injury of central nervous system (CNS), but little is known about the mech...
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Abstract Objectives: To investigate the influence of statins on major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMVD). Participants: 23,494 patients who received coronary angiography (CAG) were included. Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction, Myocardial Perfusion Grading (TMPG), a useful angiographic method, was used to evaluate CMVD. Results: Using multivariate analysis, NYHA III/IV (HR, 1.44; 95% CI, 1.03-2.01; P=0.031), PCI history (HR, 3.69; 95% CI, 2.57-5.31; P
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the anti-obesity effects of ginseng and the alternation of gut microbiota composition in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity. The results showed that HFD treatment influenced body weight gain, adipose tissue accumulation and biochemical parameter changes. Compared to the HFD group, ginseng supplementation of HFD-fed mice decreased body weight, adipose tissue mass, total cholesterol (T-CHO) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)/low-density lipoprotein (LDL) ratio. To analysis the alterations of gut microbiota, ginseng in dietary supplements decreased Firmicutes abundance and increased Bacteroide...
Source: Food Science and Human Wellness - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 April 2019Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Kedong Tai, Michael Rappolt, Xiaoye He, Yang Wei, Shaoxin Zhu, Jingbo Zhang, Like Mao, Yanxiang Gao, Fang YuanAbstractIn this work, the effect of β-sitosterol (Sito) on vesicle characteristics, physicochemical stability as well as the in vitro release and bioavailability of curcumin-loaded liposomes (Cur-LP) was studied. When 20-33 mol% of Sito was incorporated, encapsulation efficiency of curcumin was improved due to the high amount of liquid-ordered domains in membranes. At 50 mol% Sito a lower encapsulation efficiency was observed poss...
Source: Food Chemistry - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
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