A detailed review of the mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) of Iran and their medical and veterinary importance.

A detailed review of the mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) of Iran and their medical and veterinary importance. Acta Trop. 2019 Mar 18;: Authors: Azari-Hamidian S, Norouzi B, Harbach RE Abstract Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) are the most significant arthropods of medical importance because of the burden of diseases, such as malaria, encephalitis and filariasis, which are caused by pathogens and parasites they transmit to humans. In 2007, the most recently published checklist of Iranian mosquitoes included 64 species representing seven genera. Public databases were searched to the end of August 2018 for publications concerning the diseases in Iran caused by mosquito-borne pathogens. Pertinent information was extracted and analyzed, and the checklist of Iranian mosquitoes was updated. Six arboviral diseases, two bacterial diseases, four helminthic diseases and two protozoal diseases occur in Iran. The agents of these diseases are biologically or mechanically known or assumed to be transmitted by mosquitoes. The updated checklist of Iranian mosquitoes includes 69 species representing seven or 11 genera depending on the generic classification of aedines. There is no published information about the role of mosquitoes in the transmission of the causal agents of avian malaria, avian pox, bovine ephemeral fever, dengue fever, Rift Valley fever, Sindbis fever, Deraiophoronema evansi infection, lymphatic filariasis, anthrax and tularemia in Iran. There is just one...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 21 September 2020Source: Academic RadiologyAuthor(s): Alireza Zali, Mohammad-Reza Sohrabi, Ali Mahdavi, Nastaran Khalili, Morteza Sanei Taheri, Ali Maher, Mohammadmehdi Sadoughi, Afshin Zarghi, Seyed Ali Ziai, Abbas Arjmand Shabestari, Mehrdad Bakhshayeshkaram, Hamidreza Haghighatkhah, Babak Salevatipour, Alireza Abrishami, Masoomeh Raoufi, Pooneh Dehghan, Arash Khameneh Bagheri, Reza Jalili Khoshnoud, Khatereh Hanani
Source: Academic Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Abstract In order to understand the fracture toughness anisotropy of avian eggshells, we have investigated eggshells of the emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) whereby the large size (~13 cm × 9.5 cm) enabled the fabrication of beam samples in various orientations. The emu eggshell was found to have a hierarchical microstructure similar to chicken eggshell, with the only significant difference being the absence of a continuous cuticle layer. Emu eggshell was found to have significantly lower strength when samples were tested in the outwards direction (i.e., a crack initiates on the inside of t...
Source: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials - Category: Materials Science Authors: Tags: J Mech Behav Biomed Mater Source Type: research
Authors: Choi YJ, Görg M, Shin HD, Thines M Abstract Over the past 15 years, downy mildew became the most destructive foliar disease in cultivated Impatiens species (Balsaminaceae) worldwide. A previous study had revealed that the causal agent was not Plasmopara obducens (Oomycota, Peronosporales) but Plasmopara destructor on Impatiens walleriana, and Plasmopara velutina on Impatiens balsamina. This hints to a relatively high degree of specialization of Plasmopara on Balsaminaceae. Therefore, it was the aim of the present study to perform multigene phylogenetic analysis and detailed morphological investigation...
Source: Mycobiology - Category: Biology Tags: Mycobiology Source Type: research
This study provides basic information on further studies and motivates conservationists to plan the management of unprotected areas at the vicinity of agricultural lands where such endemic animals dwell. PMID: 32952457 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Scientific World Journal - Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research
Publication date: 22 September 2020Source: Cell Reports, Volume 32, Issue 12Author(s): Guoyue Xu, Rebekah van Bruggen, Christian O. Gualtieri, Neda Moradin, Adrien Fois, Diane Vallerand, Mariana De Sa Tavares Russo, Angelia Bassenden, Wenyun Lu, Mifong Tam, Sylvie Lesage, Hélène Girouard, Daina Zofija Avizonis, Geneviève Deblois, Josef T. Prchal, Mary Stevenson, Albert Berghuis, Tom Muir, Joshua Rabinowitz, Silvia M. Vidal
Source: Cell Reports - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 September 2020Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural BiotechnologyAuthor(s): Seyed Alireza Banihashemi, Mehdi Nikoo, Zahra Ghasempour, Ali Ehsani
Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Abstract Vaccination was developed by Edward Jenner in 1796. Since then, vaccination and vaccine development research has been a hotspot of research in the scientific community. Various ways of vaccine development are successfully employed in mass production of vaccines. One of the most successful ways to generate vaccines is the method of virulence attenuation in pathogens. The attenuated strains of viruses, bacteria, and parasites are used as vaccines which elicit robust immune response and confers protection against virulent pathogens. This chapter brings together the most common and efficient ways of generatin...
Source: Mol Biol Cell - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Methods Mol Biol Source Type: research
Conclusions: From all the circulating mediators measured, we detected differences of IL-10, TNF- α, and CCL2/MCP-1 between arbovirus groups. We hypothesize that CXC10/IP-10, CCL2/MCP-1, and MIF in the CHIKV-infected group could regulate the CHIKV viral load, while CXC10/IP-10, CCL2/MCP-1, and TNF-α in DENV/ZIKV, and CHIKV/ZIKV groups, could regulate ZIKV viral load.Intervirology
Source: Intervirology - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Considering the important role of the LT-Ag in the pathogenicity of MCPyV, non-synonymous mutations compared with the reference proteins triggered relevant amino acid substitutions. Overall, the results showed no tumor-associated mutations in the LT-Ag sequence of MCPyVs from positive samples.Public Health Genomics
Source: Public Health Genomics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
INTRODUCTION: In Iran, like most other countries, COVID-19 has had a deep impact on children's lives. Our hypothesis was that, a significant change in the number of pediatric injuries has happened in trauma centers. In the current study, we intend to ident...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
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