miR-363 acts as a tumor suppressor in osteosarcoma cells by inhibiting PDZD2.

miR-363 acts as a tumor suppressor in osteosarcoma cells by inhibiting PDZD2. Oncol Rep. 2019 Mar 19;: Authors: He F, Fang L, Yin Q Abstract PDZ domain containing 2 (PDZD2) is a multi-PDZ domain protein that promotes the proliferation of insulinoma cells, and is upregulated during prostate tumorigenesis. However, the function of PDZD2 in other cancers, including osteosarcoma (OS), remains unclear. Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) contributes to tumor initiation, proliferation and metastasis, via the regulation of their target genes. The present study investigated the functions of miR-363 and PDZD2 in MG-63 OS cells. The results revealed that MG-63 cells contained low levels of miR-363, and that overexpression of miR-363 in MG-63 cells significantly inhibited the vitality, proliferation, and colony formation ability of the cells, but promoted their apoptosis and G1/S arrest by regulating proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and caspase-3 expression. Additionally, miR-363 impaired the migration and invasion of MG-63 cells by regulating the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) phenotype. Notably, a bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter assay indicated that PDZD2 was a direct target of miR-363. miR-363 overexpression reduced PDZD2 protein levels and knockdown of PDZD2 suppressed the colony formation, migration and invasion of MG-63 cells, but promoted their apoptosis by regulating expression of PCNA, caspase-3, and the EMT phenotype. In v...
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research

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In conclusion, our WGCNA analysis identified candidate prognostic biomarkers for further basic and clinical researches. Introduction Breast cancer is a frequently diagnosed malignancy and the leading cause of cancer death among females around the world, accounting for 24% of cancer diagnoses and 15% of cancer deaths in females. According to Global Cancer Statistics 2018, there will be nearly 2.1 million new cases diagnosed globally, with ~62 thousand deaths. The incident rates of breast cancer increased in most developing countries during last decades, resulting from a combination of social and economic factors, incl...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, our results of bioinformatic analysis, in vitro and in vivo functional analysis suggested that REST may serve as a promoter of metastasis in pancreatic cancer. Introduction Pancreatic cancer, ranked fourth in cancer-related mortality, is characterized by its rapid progression and early metastasis (1). Patients are hardly cured by surgical resection due to the existing local invasion and distant metastasis (2). Elevating the overall survival rate for pancreatic cancer requires further elucidation of the underlying molecular mechanism of its metastasis. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), especially...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract Understanding the mechanisms of chemoresistance in osteosarcoma (OS) cell is important for drug development. By establishment of cisplatin (CDDP) resistant OS cells, we found that the levels of visfatin in OS/CDDP cells were significantly greater than that in their parental cells. The CDDP resistant OS cells showed greater migration and invasion capability than that of parental cells. Knockdown of visfatin can rescue the CDDP sensitivity of resistant OS cells. Among the detected epithelial-mesenchymal transition-related transcription factors (EMT-TFs), visfatin can increase the expression of Snail and Zeb...
Source: Cancer Biology and Therapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Cancer Biol Ther Source Type: research
In conclusion, osmotic burst of inflated complement-damaged cells may occur, but these bursts are most likely a consequence of metabolic collapse of the cell rather than the cause of cell death. The Complement Cell Death Mediator: A Concerted Action of Toxic Moieties Membrane pores caused by complement were first visualized by electron microscopy on red blood cell membranes as large ring structures (22). Similar lesions were viewed on E. coli cell walls (23). Over the years, ample information on the fine ultrastructure of the MAC that can activate cell death has been gathered (24) and has been recently further examined (...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the study indicated that FER1L4 acted as a tumor suppressor in osteosarcoma via activating PI3K/AKT pathway may be a new prognostic biomarker and potential therapeutic target for osteosarcoma intervention.
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Abstract Sevoflurane is a commonly used anesthetic in cancer surgery. However, little information is available about the effects of sevoflurane on the osteosarcoma cells. The present study explored the effects of sevoflurane on the proliferation, migration and invasion of osteosarcoma cells, as well as the underlying mechanism. Human osteosarcoma cell lines U2OS and Saos-2 were pretreated with different concentrations (2.5%, 5%, or 10%) or different times (0, 2, 4 or 6 h) of sevoflurane. Cell viability, proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis were analyzed by MTT assay, Ki67 staining, colony formation a...
Source: Experimental and Molecular Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Exp Mol Pathol Source Type: research
In conclusion, the study indicated that FER1L4 acted as a tumor suppressor in osteosarcoma via activating PI3K/AKT pathway may be a new prognostic biomarker and potential therapeutic target for osteosarcoma intervention. PMID: 31000382 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Pathology, Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Pathol Res Pract Source Type: research
ConclusionsHigh cPLA2a expression was an independent prognostic biomarker of OS, and cPLA2a could promote OS cell invasion via inducing the EMT process, indicating that cPLA2a was an independent prognostic biomarker and may be an effective drug target for OS.
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review provides an update on the recent literature describing the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in cancer formation and bone metastasis. We confined our focus on osteosarcoma, breast cancer, prostate cancer, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition.Recent FindingsIn all areas covered, major discoveries on the role of miRNAs in tumorigenesis and metastasis have been made. Novel signaling networks were identified with miRNAs having a central function. Potential improvements in the diagnosis of malignant diseases and the long-term follow-up might become possible by the use of miRNAs. Furthermore, miRNA...
Source: Current Osteoporosis Reports - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
In this study, we firstly found UCA1 is upregulated in both osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines, and increased UCA1 is associated with higher tumor stage, larger tumor size and poorer prognosis. Then for the first time, we demonstrated that UCA1 promotes the invasion and metastasis of osteosarcoma both in vitro and in vivo. Further mechanistic investigation showed that UCA1 directly interactes with miR-582 and suppresses its expression. Moreover, UCA1 increases CREB1 expression by functioning as a ceRNA against miR-582, thus promoting the EMT process via CREB1-mediated PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway and finally leading to osteosarc...
Source: Journal of Bone Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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