Cardiomyocyte mitochondrial dysfunction in diabetes and its contribution in cardiac arrhythmogenesis

Publication date: Available online 21 March 2019Source: MitochondrionAuthor(s): Hamza El Hadi, Roberto Vettor, Marco RossatoAbstractCardiovascular disease is the leading cause of diabetes-related morbidity and mortality. It is widely accepted that heart failure risk is increased in diabetic patients even after adjusting for coronary artery disease and hypertension. Mitochondria are the center of fatty acid (FA) and glucose metabolism and thus are likely to be impacted by impaired metabolism associated with diabetes. Although the cause of this increased heart failure risk is multifactorial, increasing evidence points toward a crucial role for cardiomyocyte mitochondria dysfunction. Altered energy metabolism, defects in mitochondrial dynamics, increased oxidative stress, impaired calcium (Ca2+) handling and mitochondria-induced cell death are observed in mitochondria of diabetic myocardium. In addition, mitochondrial dysfunction appears to contribute substantially to the origin of arrhythmias in diabetic hearts. The current review will describe these mitochondrial abnormalities in cardiomyocytes attempting to provide an overview of underlying mechanisms. Finally, we briefly discuss the potential link between mitochondrial malfunction and arrhythmogenesis.
Source: Mitochondrion - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

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